Medical Terms- ch 2

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sarahbailey
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134196
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Medical Terms- ch 2
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2012-02-09 23:20:06
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suffixes examples
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Med Terms ch 2
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  1. Four divisions of suffixes
    • 1. signify medical conditions
    • 2. signify diagnostic terms, test information, or surgical procedures.
    • 3. suffixes associated with a medical specialty or specialist.
    • 4. suffixes that convert to a noun to an adjective.
  2. Suffixes signify medical conditions
    Suffixes are used throughout medical terminolgy to convert roots or combining forms to nouns or nouns to other nouns.
  3. -algia
    • pain
    • Ex. arthralgia
  4. -cele
    • protrusion, hernia
    • Ex. rectocele
  5. -dynia
    • pain
    • ex. arthrodynia
  6. -ectasis, -ectasia
    • expansion or dilation
    • Ex. angiectasis
  7. -emia
    • blood
    • Ex. anemia
  8. -iasis
    • presence of, formation of
    • Ex. cholelithiasis
  9. -ism
    • a condition, a process, or state of
    • Ex. dwarfism
  10. -itis
    • inflammation
    • Ex. appendicitis
  11. -malacia
    • softening
    • Ex. osteomalacia
  12. -megaly
    • enlargement
    • Ex. gastromegaly
  13. -oma
    • tumor
    • Ex. gastroma
  14. -osis
    • abnormal condition
    • Ex. osteoporosis
  15. -penia
    • reduction of size and quantity
    • Ex. leukopenia
  16. -plegia
    • paralysis
    • Ex. hemiplegia
  17. -pnea
    • breathing
    • Ex. tachypenia
  18. -porosis
    • porous condition
    • Ex. osteoporosis
  19. -ptosis
    • downward displacement
    • Ex. nephroptosis
  20. -rrhage
    • flowing forth
    • Ex. hemmorrhage
  21. -rrhea
    • discharge
    • Ex. diarrhea
  22. -rrhexis
    • rupture
    • Ex. hysterorrhexis
  23. -spasm
    • muscular contraction
    • Ex. angiospasm
  24. Suffixes signifying Diagnostic Terms, Test Information, or surgical procedures
    Many of these suffixes are attached to a root to indicate a procedure or test performed on a body part.
  25. -centesis
    • surgical puncture
    • ex. thoracentesis
  26. -desis
    • surgical binding
    • ex. arthrodesis
  27. -ectomy
    • surgical removal
    • ex. appendectomy
  28. -gen, -genic, -genesis
    • origin, producing
    • ex. osteogenic
  29. -gram
    • written or pictoral record
    • ex. electrocardiogram
  30. -graph
    • device fro graphic or pictoral recording.
    • ex. electrocardiograph.
  31. -graphy
    • act of graphic or pictoral recording.
    • ex. electrocardiography
  32. -meter
    • device for measuring
    • ex. audiometer
  33. -metry
    • act of measuring
    • ex. audiometry
  34. -pexy
    • surgical fixation
    • ex. hysteropexy
  35. -plasty
    • sugical repair
    • ex. rhinoplasty
  36. -rrhaphy
    • suture
    • ex. herniorrhaphy
  37. -scope
    • device for viewing
    • ex. arthroscope
  38. -scopy
    • act of viewing
    • ex. arthroscopy
  39. -tomy
    • incision
    • ex. colotomy
  40. -tripsy
    • crushing
    • ex. lithotripsy
  41. Suffixes associated with medical specalty or specialists
    Suffixes associated with medical specalty or specialists
  42. -ian
    • specialist
    • ex. pediatrician
  43. -iatrics
    • medical specialty
    • ex. pediatrics
  44. -iatry
    • medical specialty
    • ex. psychiatry
  45. -ics
    • medical specialty
    • ex. orthopedics
  46. -ist
    • specialist in a field of study
    • ex. orthopedist
  47. -logy
    • study of
    • ex. gynecology
  48. suffixes that denote adjectives
    not governed by a clear set of rules.
  49. -ac, -al, -an, -aneous, -ar, -ary, -eous, -iac, -iatric, -ic, -ical, -old, -ous, -ular.
    • converts a root or noun to an adjective.
    • ex. geriatric, orthopedic, ocular
  50. -cyte
    • cell
    • ex. leukocyte
  51. -emesis
    • vomiting
    • ex. hematemesis
  52. -iasis
    • a suffix used to convert a noun indicating condition.
    • ex. cholelithiasis
  53. -lith
    • a stone, calculus, calcification
    • ex. pneumolith
  54. -lysis
    • disintegration or destruction of
    • ex. hemolysis
  55. -megaly
    • enlarged
    • ex. gastromegaly
  56. -opsy
    • visual examination
    • ex. biopsy
  57. -pathy
    • disease
    • ex. cardiopathy
  58. -phobia
    • fear, often suffix
    • ex. claustrophobia
  59. -poiesis
    • producing of formation
    • ex. erythropoiesis
  60. -ptosis
    • drooping
    • ex. nephroptosis
  61. -sclerosis
    • hardness
    • ex. arteriosclerosis
  62. -stasis
    • level, unchanging
    • ex. hemostasis
  63. -stenosis
    narrow, blocked
  64. -stomy
    • permanent opening
    • ex. colostomy
  65. -tome
    • instrument for cutting
    • ex. osteotome
  66. categories of prefix
    prefixes of time and speed
  67. ante-, pre-
    • before
    • ex. antepartum, premature
  68. brady-
    • abnormally slow rate of speed
    • ex. bradycardia
  69. neo-
    • new
    • ex. neoplasm
  70. post-
    • after
    • ex. postsynaptic
  71. tachy-
    • rapid, abnormally high rate of speed
    • ex. tachycardia
  72. Prefixes of Direction
    direction prefix
  73. ab-
    • away from, outside of, beyond
    • ex. abnormal
  74. ad-
    • toward, near to
    • ex. addiction
  75. con-, sym-, syn-
    • with
    • ex. congenital, sympathetic, syharithrosis
  76. contra-
    • against
    • ex. contraindicate
  77. dia-
    • across, through
    • ex. diarrhea

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