Identification: Largemouths are dark olive green on the back with light green sides shading to a white belly. A dark mottledband extends along the sides. The upper part of the mouth extends past the eye. Smallmouth bass are similar in appearance, but the upper jaw ends below the eye.
Common Name: Smallmouth Bass
Other Names: Smallie, Smallmouth Black Bass, Black Bass, Brown Bass, Green Bass
Identification: Bass are members of the sunfish family. The upper jaw of smallmouth bass does not extend beyond the backof the eye. The notch between the spiny and the soft-rayed section of the dorsal fin is not deep.
Common Name: Northern Pike
Other Names: Pike, Northerns
Identifications: Scales are present on the upper half
of the gill cover, but are absent on the lower half. The cheek area (located just forward of the gill plate), is fully scaled. Pike usually have five pairs of sensory pores along the underside of the lower jaw. The cheeks and gill covers of chain pickerel are fully scaled, and generally only four pairs of sensor pores are present on the lower jaw. The pattern of markings is typically very different on adult and juvenile pike. Juvenile pike possess wavy, white to yellow vertical bars. Adults have shorter markings arranged in a more horizontal configuration. Pike can hybridize with chain pickerel, and the resulting hybrid may possess markings common to either or both species.
Common Name: Chain Pickerel
Other Names: Pickerel, Chainsides, Eastern Pickerel
Identification: Pickerel are a member of the pike family. The fish is green with the sides prominently marked by yellow-green areas broken by dark, interconnecting lines resembling the links of a chain. The jaws are elongated containing large, sharp teeth; the large dorsal fin is located way back towards the caudal fin, which is forked.
Common Name: Black Crappie
Other Names: Calico Bass, Crappies
Identification: Closely resembling bass and sunfish species, which have 10-12 dorsal fin spines, crappies possess 6-8 dorsalfin spines. Body form is very deep and narrow (laterally compressed). Coloration is silvery-olive to golden brown, with an irregular mosaic of dark black blotches.
Common Name: Muskellunge
Other Names: Musky, Maskinonge
Identification: Muskellunge are long, slender fish with dark vertical bars on a background ranging from light green to light brown. They have soft-rayed fins, with the dorsal fin located just in front of the tail. Their large mouths, full of sharp teeth, leave no doubt as to their predatory nature. Muskies can be distinguished from northern pike by the presence of 7 to 11 sensory pores on the underside of each jaw (pike have only 5), and by cheeks andgill covers scaled only on the upper half (the cheeks of pike are fullyscaled).
Common Name: White Perch
Other Names: Perch, Silver Perch
Identification: The white perch is a spiny-finned fish with large, easily seen scales. The fish is dark gray-green on the back and upper sides and the color gradually changes to silver on the sides below the lateral line to white on the belly. In clear waters, the whiteperch exhibits a bluish tint on the lower jaw.
Common Name: Yellow Perch
Other Names: Perch, Lake Perch, American Perch
Identification: The top of the head and back is bright green to olive in color; sides are yellowish-green to golden yellow with 6 to 8 dark vertical bands; belly area ranges from yellow to white;pectoral, pelvic and anal fins vary in color from pale yellow to bright orange.
Common Name: Brown Bullhead
Other Names: Bullhead, Hornpout, Catfish
Identification: As the name implies, the brown bullhead is dark brown to olive green on the back, with mottled sides, and a creamy white belly. Individuals having white patches on their sides and back are common in some Maine waters. Brown bullheads have a thick rounded body, a broad, somewhat flattened head with a distinctive set of "whiskers' around the mouth called barbels. The dorsal and pectoral fins have sharp saw tooth spines at their base that can be locked in an erect position. The caudal fin is square and there is a pronounced adipose fin. They have no scales on their skin.
Common Name: Pumpkinseed Sunfish
Other Names: Pumpkinseed, Common Sunfish, Punky
Identification: The pumpkinseed is a very deep-bodied fish, almost disclike, with several spines in the dorsal fin. The lateral view varies from golden brown to olive on top to irregular, wavy, interconnecting blue-green lines in the middle, to bronze or red-orange on the ventral surface. The side of head and body have blue,emerald, or green reflections. The opercle, or gill-cover, is mostly black with a trailing tip that is black and rimmed with a small halfmoonof bright red.
Common Name: Redbreast Sunfish
Other Names: Yellowbelly Sunfish, Longear Sunfish
Identification: The redbreast sunfish is very deep-bodied and strongly compressed laterally. The opercle, or gill cover, is long and black with no colored border. The body is usually golden brown to olive, with the dorsal surface darker. Sides are lighter in color with small reddish spots, vague blue streaks, and a yellow to orange-red breast.