med term 5

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  1. angi/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  2. -graphy
    process of recording
  3. aneurysm/o
    widening, widened blood vessel
  4. -rrhaphy
  5. aort/o
  6. scler
  7. -osis
    abnormal condition (used primarily with blood cells)
  8. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  9. arteri/o
  10. arteriol/o
  11. -itis
    inflammation of
  12. ather/o
    fatty plaque
  13. -oma
  14. atri/o
  15. -ar
    pertaining to
  16. ventricul
    ventricle (of heart or brain)
  17. cardi/o
  18. -megaly
  19. coron/o
  20. -ary
    pertaining to
  21. phleb/o
  22. ven/o
  23. -ous
    pertaining to
  24. thromb/o
    blood clot
  25. -lysis
    separation; destruction; loosening
  26. varic/o
    dilated vein
  27. -ose
    pertaining to; sugar
  28. vas/o
    vessel; vas deferens; duct
  29. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  30. vascul/o
  31. intra-
  32. -cardia
    heart condition
  33. tachy-
  34. -gram
    record, writing
  35. electr/o
  36. -graph
    instrument for recording
  37. -um
    structure, thing
  38. endo-
    in, within
  39. my/o/cardi/um
    the muscular layer of the heart
  40. peri/cardi/um
    the fibrous sac that encloses the entire heart
  41. peri-
  42. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  43. -ectomy
    excision, removal of
  44. deoxygenated
    low oxygen content
  45. -tomy
  46. plural form of atrium
  47. a/rrhythm/ia
    without rhythm
  48. RV
    right ventricle
  49. LV
    left ventricle
  50. plural form of cardium
  51. plural form of septum
  52. plural form of bacterium
  53. IVS
    interventricular septum
  54. IAS
    interatrial septum
  55. -pnea
  56. -phagia
    swallowing, eating
  57. brady-
  58. RA
    right atrium
  59. LA
    left atrium
  60. inferior
  61. superior
  62. tri/cuspid valve
    the valve that has 3 leaflets or flaps
  63. -lith
    stone, calculus
  64. -rrhexis
  65. -pathy
  66. -cuspid
    leaflet, flap
  67. hemat/o, hem/o
  68. -ectasis
    expansion, dilation
  69. pulmon
  70. -ole, -ule
    small, minute
  71. SVC
    superior vena cava
  72. IVC
    inferior vena cava
  73. incompetent
  74. competent
  75. mitral valve
    valvular structure of the heart
  76. SA
  77. AV
    atri/o/ventricul/ar or arteri/o/ven/ous
  78. diastole
  79. systole
  80. micro/cardia
    underdeveloped heart
  81. angina
    acute sore throat (choke)
  82. pectoris
  83. lumen
    space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube
  84. my/o
  85. necr/o
    death or necrosis
  86. -ac
    pertaining to
  87. -us
  88. anti-
  89. -genesis
    producing, forming
  90. aneurysm
    ballooning out of the wall of the aorta
  91. aden/o
  92. agglutin/o
    clumping, gluing
  93. -ation
    process (of)
  94. immun/o
    immune, immunity, safe
  95. -gen
    forming, producing, origin
  96. lymphaden/o
    lymph gland (node)
  97. lymph/o
  98. -poiesis
    forming, production
  99. lymphangi/o
    lymph vessel
  100. phag/o
    swallowing, eating
  101. splen/o
  102. thym/o
    thymus gland
  103. -cyte
  104. -phylaxis
  105. ana-
    against; up; back
  106. -plasty
    surgical repair
  107. thorac/ic
    pertaining to the chest
  108. -oid
  109. cervic/al
  110. axill/ary
  111. inguin/al
  112. path/o/gen
    micro/organ/ism capable of producing disease
  113. hem/o/rrhage
    loss of large amounts of blood in a short period
  114. ven/ous
    pertaining to the vein
  115. macro/phage
    phag/o/cyt/ic cell in the spleen
  116. specific lymph/o/cytes that attack foreign agents (viruses)
    T lympho/cytes or T cells
  117. AED
    automatic external defibrillator
  118. AICD
    automatice implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  119. AS
    aortic stenosis
  120. ASD
    atrial septal defect
  121. ASHD
    arteriosclerotic heart disease
  122. BBB
    bundle-branch block
  123. BP
    blood pressure
  124. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  125. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  126. CC
    cardiac catheterization; chief complaint
  127. CHB
    complete heart block
  128. CHF
    complete heart failure
  129. CV
  130. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident; costovertebral angle
  131. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  132. ECG
  133. EKG
  134. ELISA
    enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  135. HF
    heart failure
  136. ICD
    implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  137. LDL
    low density lipoprotein
  138. MI
    myocardial infarction
  139. MVP
    mitro valve prolapse
  140. RBC
    red blood cell
  141. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  142. US
    ultrasound; ultrasonography
  143. ELT
    endovenous laser ablation; endoluminal laser ablation
  144. HDL
    high density lipoprotein
  145. AIDS
    aquired immune deficiency syndrome
  146. EBV
    Epstein-Barr virus
  147. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  148. VSD
    ventricular septal defect
  149. WBC
    white blood cell(s)
  150. HSV
    herpes simplex virus
  151. KS
    Kaposi sarcoma
  152. PCP
    • pneumocystis pneumonia;
    • primary care physician;
    • phencyclidine
  153. fibrillation
    irregular, random contraction of heart fibers
  154. bruit
    soft blowing sound heard on ausculation caused by turbulent blood flow
  155. CAD
    abnormal condition that affects the heart's arteries and produces various pathological effects, especially reduced flow of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium
  156. DVT
    formation of a blood clot in a deep vein of the body, occurring most commonly in the iliac and femoral veins
  157. embolus
    mass of undissolved matter-commonly a blood clot, fatty plaque, or air bubble- that travels through the bloodstream and becomes lodged in a blood vessel
  158. heart block
    interference with normal conduction of electrical impulses that control activity of the heart muscle
  159. first-degree
    atrioventricular (AV) block in which the atrial electrical impulses are delayed by a fraction of a second before being conducted to the ventricles
  160. second degree
    AV block in which occasional electrical impulses from the SA node fail to be conducted to the ventricles
  161. third degree
    AV block in which electrical impulses from the atria fail to reach the ventricles; aka complete heart block (CHB)
  162. heart failure (HF)
    condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the metabolic requirement of body tissues; formerly called congestive heart failure (CHF)
  163. hypertension
    consistently elevated blood pressure that is higher than 119/79 mm Hg, causing damage to the blood vessels and, ultimately, the heart
  164. hyper-
    excessive, above, normal
  165. -tension
    to stretch
  166. ischemia
    inadequate supply of oxygenated blood to a body part due to an interruption of blood flow
  167. isch-
    to hold, back
  168. -emia
  169. MVP
    mitro valve prolapse, condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole, resulting in incomplete closure and backflow of blood
  170. murmur
    abnormal sound heard on ausculation, caused by defects in the valves or chambers of the heart
  171. MI
    myocardial infarction, necrosis of a portion of cardiac muscle caused by partial or complete occlusion of one or more coronary arteries; also called heart attack
  172. patent ductus arteriosus
    failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, resulting in an abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta
  173. Raynaud phenomenon
    numbness in fingers or toes due to intermittent constriction of arterioles in the skin
  174. rheumatic heart disease
    streptococcal infection that causes damage to the heart valves and heart muscle, most commonly in children and young adults
  175. stroke
    damage to part of the brain due to interruption of its blood supply caused by bleeding within brain tissue or, more commonly, blockage of an artery, also called cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
  176. thrombus
    aggregation of platelets, fibrin, clotting factors, and the cellular elements of the blood attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery, sometimes occluding the lumen of the vessel; also called blood clot
  177. transient ischemic attack
    temporary interference in the blood supply to the brain that causes no permanent brain damage
  178. varicose veins
    swollen superficial veins that are visible through the skin and usually occur in the legs
  179. AIDS
    deficiency of cellular immunity induced by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), characterized by increasing susceptibility to infections, malignancies, and neurological diseases
  180. Hodgkin disease
    malignant disease characterized by painless, progressive enlargement of lymphoid tissue, splenomegaly, and the presence of unique Reed-Sternberg cells in the lymph nodes
  181. mononucleosis
    acute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and characterized by a sore throat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes
  182. non-Hodgkin lymphoma
    any of a hetergeneous group of malignant tumors involving lymphoid tissue except for Hodgkin disease; previously called lymphosarcoma
  183. CC
    cardia catheterization, insertion of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery, usually of an arm or leg to provide evaluation of the heart
  184. cardiac enzyme studies
    battery of blood tests performed to determine the presence of cardiac damage
  185. echocardiography
    use of ultrasound to evaluate the heart and great vessels and diagnose cardiovascular lesions
  186. electrocardiography
    creation and study of graphic records produced by electric activity generated by the heart muscle; also called cardiography
  187. Holter monitor
    monitoring device worn by a patient that records prolonged electrocardiograph readings on a portable tape recorder while the patient conducts normal daily activities
  188. stress test
    ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions while measuring the amount of oxygen consumption
  189. nuclear
    ECG that utilizes a radioisotope to evaluate coronary blood flow
  190. troponin I
    blood test that measures protein released into the blood by damaged heart muscle
  191. bone marrow aspiration biopsy
    removal of living bone marrow tissue, usually taken from the sternum or iliac crest, for microscopic examination
  192. ELISA
    blood test used to screen for an antibody to the AIDS virus
  193. lymphangiography
    radiographic examination of lymph glands and lymphatic vessels after an injection of a contrast medium
  194. tissue typing
    technique used to determine the histocompatibility of tissues used in grafts and transplants with the recipients's tissues and cells; aka histocompatibility testing
  195. angioplasty
    any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow, usually using balloon dilation
  196. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft, procedure in which a surgeon removes one or more of a patient's peripheral veins and then sutures each end of the vein onto the coronary artery to route blood flow around a blockage in a coronary artery, thus increasing blood flow to the heart
  197. cardioversion
    delivery of brief discharges of electricity that pass across the chest to stop a cardiac arrhythmia and restore normal sinus rhythm; aka defibrillation
  198. defibrillator
    device designed to administer a defibrillating electric shock to restore normal sinus rhythm
  199. AICD
    automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator, surgically implanted defibrillator that automatically detects and corrects potentially fata arrhythmias, such as ventricular fibrillations
  200. AED
    automatic external defibrillator, portable computerized defibrillator that analyzes the patient's heart rhythm and delivers an electrical shock to stimulate a heart in cardiac arrest
  201. endarterectomy
    surgical removal of the lining of an artery
  202. cartoid endarterectomy
    surgical removal of plaque and thromboses from an occluded carotid artery
  203. sclerotherapy
    chemical injection into a varicose vein that causes inflammation and formation of fibrous tissue, which closes the vein
  204. valvuloplasty
    plastic or restorative surgery on a valve, especially a cardia valve
  205. lymphangiectomy
    removal of lymph vessel
  206. statins
    drugs that reduce cholesterol levels by decreasing levels of low-density lipoproteins and triglycerides, and slightly increasing levels of high-density lipoproteins
  207. thrombolytic therapy
    administration of drugs to dissolve a blood clot
Card Set
med term 5
cardiovascular & lymphatic systems
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