medical terms 1

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Author:
reneeny
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134352
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medical terms 1
Updated:
2012-02-10 22:51:58
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medical terms
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medical terms
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  1. -itis
    inflammation
  2. rhin-
    nose
  3. prefix
    • attached to the beginning of a word. It usually, but not always,
    • indicates location, time, number, or status. A common prefix is dys-, meaning painful or difficult.
  4. Suffix
    • The suffix is attached to the end of a word.
    • It usually, but not always, indicates the procedure, condition,
    • disorder, or disease. A common suffix is –itis, meaning inflammation.
  5. word root
    The word root usually, but not always, indicates the part of the body involved.
  6. combining form
    The combining form is created by adding the letter "o" to the end of a word root. As its name suggests, the combining form allows a root word to be combined with other word roots, combining forms, or suffixes to make the medical term. A common word root is splen, which means spleen. Adding the "o" at the end makes this a combining form, splen/o.
  7. Hepat
    liver
  8. Splen/o
    spleen
  9. megalgy
    “abnormal enlargement.”
  10. In addition to these word parts, you’ll also need to be aware
    of terms that take unusual endings for when singular terms are made into plural terms. Physicians don't always get them right and might dictate them incorrectly or write them incorrectly in chart notes. So you’ll need to commit them to memory.
    In addition to these word parts, you’ll also need to be aware of terms that take unusual endings for when singular terms are made into plural terms. Physicians don't always get them right and might dictate them incorrectly or write them incorrectly in chart notes. So you’ll need to commit them to memory.
  11. Singular: naris
    Plural: nares
  12. Singular: foramen
    Plural: foramina
  13. Singular: os (mouth)
    Plural: ora
  14. Singular: os (bone)
    Plural: ossa
  15. Singular: lumen
    Plural: lumina
  16. Singular: decubitus ulcer
    Plural: decubitus ulcers (decubitus isn't a noun and has no plural form, so decubiti is incorrect)
  17. First sound of the word
    Look here in the dictionary


    s
    s, c, ps


    n
    n, mn


    z
    z, x


    t
    t, pt


    qu
    qu, kw
    • First sound of the word
    • Look here in the dictionary
  18. s
    s, c, ps
  19. n
    n, mn
  20. z
    z, x
  21. t
    t, pt
  22. qu
    qu, kw
  23. ehr
    electronic health record : the patient's entire record will be available to those who have access
  24. T&A
    tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
  25. TNA
    transthoracic needle aspiration (among others)
  26. BNP
    brain natriuretic peptide or beta-type natriuretic peptide

    The blood test BNP is used to test for heart failure, so if other heart lab results are before or after it, the abbreviation is probably BNP.
  27. BMP
    basic metabolic profile

    the basic metabolic profile (BMP) consists of eight tests, and usually the word "normal" is not used to describe the results. Instead, the results of each test are given.
  28. hyper-
    increased, or higher than normal
  29. hypo-
    means decreased, or lower than normal.

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