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2012-05-08 03:20:14

Ch 1
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  1. Philosophy
    systematic, comprehensive study of certain questions that center on meaning, interpretation, evaluation, logical or rational consistency
  2. Metaphysics
    the study of what is real
  3. Epistemology
    Greek for "knowledge": the study of knowledge, its nature and origins, and whether or not it's even possible
  4. Ethics
    the study of moral problems, practical reasoning, right and wrong, good and bad, virtues and vices, character, moral duty, and related issues involving the nature, origins,and scope of moral values
  5. Ontology
    the study of being and what it means to "exist"
  6. Archetype
    basic image that represents our conception of the essence of a certain type of person
  7. Philosophical Archetype
    a philosopher who represents an original or influential point of view in a way that significantly affects non/philosophers
  8. Relativism
    belief that knowledge is determined by specific qualities of the observer: age, ethnicity, cultural conditioning, gender
  9. Wisdom
    fundamental understanding of reality as it relates to living a good life
  10. Knowledge
    true belief
  11. Theoretical Belief
    accurate compilationand assessment of factual and systematic relationships
  12. Practical Knowledge
    Skills needed to do kinesthetic tasks
  13. Belief
    subjective mental acceptance that a claim is true
  14. Mere Belief
    a conviction that something is true for which the only evidence is the conviction itself
  15. Willed Ignorance
    an attitude of indifference to the possibility of error and enligtenment that holds on to beliefs regardless of the facts
  16. Numinosum
    located within the deepest subjectivity of the individual and often leads to a reorganization of the personality
  17. Autopoesis
    the spiritual drive which actuates every personality toward meaning and value.
  18. Differentiation
    the manifest diversity of creative expression, the amazing display of difference in culture and in personality
  19. Communion
    the underlying unity and connection of al beings
  20. Cosmogenisis
    expresses the viewpoint that the universe is both a cosmos guided by a universal principle of order and a genesis that is creatively exhibiting both mystery and a compelling quality of adventure
  21. Autopoesis, Differentiation, Communion
    3 terms referring to the governing themes and the basal intentionlity of all existence
  22. Religious, Sociological, Cosmological, Psychological
    Joseph Campbell, 4 essential aspects of myth
  23. Ubuntu
    Africa: I am because we are, we are because I am

    centers on the belief of the interconnectedness of all people, each person's being is dependent on and tied to every other person's beingness
  24. Griot
    Africa: one who sees (a seer/ philosopher)
  25. The Paleolithic Stage (Religious Aspect)
    experiencing the numinous awe before the great mystery of reality; everything carries a sense of the sacred
  26. Paleolithic Stage (Sociological Aspect)
    to validate the social order, primarily tribal
  27. Paleolithic Stage (Cosmological Aspect)
    the dimension of myth with which we are given a sense of whence, why and whither, where did we come from, why are we here and where are we going
  28. Paleolithic Stage (Psychological Aspect)
    through ritual integrating the individual with the larger whole
  29. Paleolithic Stage (Circular Diagram)
    the circular diagram shows a universe that is regarded as sacred. There is no sense of individuality, and no differentiation between the self and other (dotted inner circle). The seeded and animal powers of the earth dominate human behavior and the collective perspective. We are members of the tribe/federation of tribes
  30. Classical World View (Religious Aspect)
    development of all major world religions
  31. The Classical World View (Sociological Aspect)
    emergence out of tribes into empire building
  32. Classical World View (Cosmological Aspect)
    the Ptolemaic System of the Earth at the Center of the Universe
  33. Classical World View (Psychological Aspect)
    emergence of the individual ego, beginning appreciation of the value of individuality
  34. Classical World View (Circular Diagram)
    shows the universestill seen as sacred, a plethora of gods and goddesses. What is different is the emergence, still frail, of the individual (thin inner circle). Philosophers and spiritual teachers are beginning to speak their mind, from their individual perspective and personal experience, from poetic to prophetic visionaries
  35. Medieval World View (Religious Aspect)
    the dominance of the religious institution
  36. Medieval World View (Sociological Aspect)
    an ecclesial society with its "faith"
  37. Medieval World View (Cosmological Aspect)
    Dante's version of Ptolemy with the earth at the center, a 3 layered universe: Heaven, Earth, Hell
  38. Medieval World View (Psychological Aspect)
    emergence of a religious identity, exploration of Heaven and Hell, spirit and mater, good and evil
  39. Medieval World View (Circular Diagram)
    shows the universe, crosshatched, seen as a place of Heaven and Hell, angles and demons, saints and sinners, good and evil. Heresies are persecuted and dogma is preserved. The Church, the Synagogue, the Temple, and the Mosque are the dominant social institutions
  40. Modern World View (Religious Aspect)
    the distancing of God - Deism and Agnosticism
  41. Modern World View (Sociological Aspect)
    the emergence of empirical sensibilities, the move toward democracy and universal education
  42. Modern world View (Cosmological Aspect)
    the Newtonian system and appreciation of the universe, with the discoveries of Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo stripping the universe of its sacred sense
  43. Modern World View (Psychological Aspect)
    increasing scientific inquiry and skeptical attitude
  44. Modern World View (Circular Diagram)
    shows a universe stripped of any meaning or soul, a cold and empty space devoid of significance. All meaning, both good and evil, resides in the growing sense of individualiy. The great social institution is no longer religion, but science, commerce and politics. The rights of the individual rise above the collective. Democracies replace autocracies; kings, queens and tyrants are deposed
  45. 4 Stages of Human Life


    Forest Dweller

    Religious Devotee
  46. 4 Ends of Human Life



  47. Kama
  48. Artha
    Material Success
  49. Dharma
  50. Moksha
    Spiritual freedom from Samsara
  51. 4 Yogas



  52. Jnana Yoga
    the Way of Intellectual Discrimination

    Self Inquiry: "who am I?"

  53. Karma Yoga
    the Way of Ethical Action

    Service: "Who do I serve?"

  54. Bhakti Yoga
    the Way of Heartfelt Devotion

    Devotion: "Who do I love?"

  55. Raj Yoga
    the Way of Inward Stillness

    Meditation: "Can I quiet the mind?"

  56. 7 Levels of Conciousness (Chakra)
    Fear (Security and Survival)

    Anxiety (Esteem and Affection)

    Anger (Power and Control)




    Integration of all 6
  57. Maha Rishi
    great seer - India
  58. Governing Universal Principles
    Autopoesis (Length)

    Differentiation (Bredth)

    Communion (Depth)
  59. Autopoesis (Length)
    Self-Making (self discovery)

    "expresses the spiritual drive which actuates every personality toward meaning and value. This is the symbolic image of the journey or pilgrimage, which covers a length of period and of spatial distance"
  60. Differentiation (Bredth)

    "expresses the manifest diversity of creative expression, the amazing display of difference in culture and in personality"
  61. Communion (Depth)
    Unity (Ubuntu)

    "expresses the underlying unity and connection of all beings"
  62. Yoga Sutra
    a sysematic approach to spiritual freedom

    Niyama, Yama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi
  63. Niyama
    Thou shalt not
  64. Yama
    thou shalt
  65. Asana
    Respect for Body
  66. Pranayama
    Power of Bredth
  67. Pratyahara
    Power of Senses
  68. Dharana
    Power of Focus
  69. Dhyana
    Power of Stillness
  70. Samadhi
    Power of Transformation