PHILO 101 - 2

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PHILO 101 - 2
2012-05-08 04:46:35
Asian Philosophy Sage

Ch 2
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  1. Sage
    archetypal figure who combines religious inspiration and extraordinary insight into the human condition
  2. Tao
    the source of all existece, the principle of all things, or the moral law

  3. Yin
    Ancient Chinese metaphysics, weak, negative, dark, and destructive natural force or principle: Earth
  4. Yang
    Ancient Chinese metaphysics, strong, positive, light, and constructive natural force or principle: Heaven
  5. Wu Wei
    in the Tao te Ching: a warning against unnatural or demanding action


    "let nature take its course"
  6. Humanism
    any philosophy that emphasises human welfare and dignity
  7. Chung-Yung
    "centrality-universality": the Golden Mean of Confucious, consisting of moderation and normality; universal moral law; also equilibrium or harmony
  8. te
    • "virtue": the power to affect others w/o using physical force, morally neutral
    • Confucious: the capacity to act according to Tao and to bring others to Tao
  9. li
    "ceremony": Ritua/Civility: encompasses rites, customs, and conventions ranging from ritual sacrifices to everyday good manners

    The ability to act in an appropriate fashion, expressing one's inner intentions
  10. chun-tzu
    "lord's son": Confucian morally superior man; a great/noble soul
  11. hsiao-jen
    small/vulgar man: a petty and base individual
  12. jen
    "humankind/kindness": the humane principle rooted in empathy and fellow feeling

    can also mean a "real person": one who is truly themselves
  13. Ascetic
    individual who turns away from pleasure and severely limits all sensual appetites in order to achieve salvation or peace of mind
  14. Nirvana
    an annihilation of the egos; a state of emptiness or "no-thing-ness"; a state of bliss: "pure conciousness" that leads to release from suffering while remaining concious
  15. Bodhisattva
    an enlightened being who voluntarily postpones his own nirvana in order to help all other concious life-forms find "supreme release"
  16. Karma
    the law of moral causation (moral cause and effect): includes past and present actions
  17. The Four Noble Truths
    the foundation of Buddha's teachings
  18. The Eightfold Path
    Buddha's prescription for rooting out suffering
  19. 1) to exist is to suffer

    2) self-centeredness is the chief cause of human suffering

    3) the cause of suffering can be understood and rooted out

    4) suffering can be alleviated by following the Eightfold Path
    The Four Noble Truths
  20. Right 1)understanding, 2) purpose, 3) speech, 4) conduct, 5) livelihood, 6) effort, 7) mindfulness, and 8) meditation
    The Eightfold Path
  21. xin
    trust/faithfulness in thought, word, and deed - sincerity
  22. chih
    "wisdom" involves 1) expressing our innate quality of Jen, 2) understanding Yi, 3) practicing Li, 4) and expressing Xin
  23. yi
    Righteousness/Sense of justice - acting naturally is the best way of doing things
  24. Samskara
  25. Jnana Yoga
    the way of inellectual discrimination
  26. Karma Yoga
    the way of ethical action
  27. Bhakti Yoga
    the way of the heartfelt devotion
  28. Raj Yoga
    the way of inward stillness
  29. Jnana, Karma, Bhakti, Raj Yoga
    4 ways of Spiritual Freedom
  30. Maha Rishi
    India: "great seer"
  31. Sanatana Dharma
    India: "eternal law" is life itself NOT the rules of conduct
  32. Kama
    India: "Pleasure"
  33. Artha
    India: "Material Success"
  34. Dharma
    India: "Duty"
  35. Moksha
    India: Spiritual Freedom from Samsara