Art Appreciation Test 1

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Art Appreciation Test 1
2012-02-11 15:51:46
Art Appreciation

Test 1
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  1. Veranda Post: Female Caryatid and Equestrian Figure, Olowe of Ise
  2. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Roman
  3. Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli
  4. Demoiselles d'Avignon, Pablo Picasso
  5. Mother and Child, Mary Cassatt
  6. Last Judgment, Wassily Kandinsky
  7. Object, Meret Oppenheim
  8. Abra III, Frank Stella
  9. Shoki the Demon Queller, Utagawa Kunisada
  10. They're Biting, Paul Klee
  11. Recumbent Female Nude Figure Asleep, Rosso Fiorentino
  12. Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, Thomas Gainsborough
  13. Angkor Wat, Cambodian
  14. Churning of the Ocean Milk, Cambodian
  15. The Binocular Entrance to the Chiat Building, Claes Oldenburg
  16. At the Milliner's, Edgar Degas
  17. Marcel Duchamp, Joseph Stella
  18. The Printmaker's Workshop, Japanese
  19. Knight, Death, and the Devil, Albrecht Durer
  20. Marilyn Monroe, Andy Warhol
  21. Flag, Jasper Johns
  22. Glass Bowl with Fruit, Roman
  23. Venus of Urbino, Titian
  24. Crinkly, Alexander Calder
  25. The Marathon Boy, Greek
  26. Running Fence, Christo and Jeanne-Claude
  27. Do Women Have to be Naked to get into the Met. Museum?, Guerrilla Girls
  28. Untitled (Self-Portrait of Marilyn Monroe), Cindy Sherman
  29. Visual Form
    The composition/design, the materials, and the size of the artwork.
  30. Content
    The meaning of the artwork.
  31. Naturalistic Style
    Artwork that imitates visual reality an illusion of reality.
  32. Idealized Style
    Artwork that is made to depict the subject as being perfect.
  33. Expressionist Style
    Artwork that has heightened emotions, colors are boldly contrasting and spontaneous.
  34. Classical Style
    Any art form thought to be inspired or influenced by ancient Greek or Roman examples. It values perfection of form, with an emphasis on harmony and unity and restraint of emotion.
  35. Surreal Style
    Artwork that has a dream-like quality, that defies logic, and has juxtaposition, contradictions of expectations about reality – or what we think is reality.
  36. Non-Objective Style
    Artwork that has no reference to anything - art for the sake of art.
  37. Abstracted Style
    Artwork in which one can see an image and be able to recognize it for what it is, but the image is distorted in a certain way (cubism).
  38. Stylized Style
    Using artistic forms and conventions to create effects; not natural or spontaneous.
  39. Line
    A moving point, having length and no width; actual ____ physically exist and can be broad, thin, straight, jagged, etc.
  40. Shape
    A flat 2D form with a defined outline.
  41. Value
    The lightness or darkness of a surface – to create 3 dimensions.
  42. Color
    The element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
  43. Texture
    The artist is attempting to create the illusion of _____ in the painting. To create a sensual quality using the paint and to capture the ______ and create a sensation that we think we can touch it and feel =like you could feel it.
  44. Space
    The distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece.
  45. Chiaroscuro
    In Italian it means “light-dark,” an image that creates the illusion of 3D space by depicting light and shadow.
  46. Shade (color)
    Black added to a hue of a color.
  47. Tint (color)
    White added to a hue of a color.
  48. Analogous Colors
    2 or 3 colors sitting next to each other on the color wheel.
  49. Linear Perspective
    Theory that parallel lines appear to converge as they recede and appear to meet on the horizon line.
  50. Horizon Line
    Corresponding to the viewer's eye, depending where the _____ is will give a sense of perspective.
  51. Balance
    The sense of equillibrium between two sides of an image.
  52. Rhythm
    The repetition of elements separated by intervals to suggest movement.
  53. Visual Weight
    ____ creates balance in an image and depends on the relationships between the elements of composition/design.
  54. Symmetrical Balance
    Also called formal balance because a form (formula) is used - a mirror image about a vertical axis.
  55. Asymmetrical Balance
    Balance is achieved by arranging elements with drastic differences.
  56. Support
    The two-dimensional surface or material that underlies the work.
  57. Relief Printmaking
    Negative space of the image is cut out of the wood block, and ink is applied to the raised area. The ink will transfer to paper.
  58. Intaglio
    From Italian meaning “to cut into,” artists cut into a flat surface to make the image.
  59. Pigment
    A color in powder form.
  60. Binder
    Substance mixed with pigment to fix the paint to the surface.
  61. Encaustic
    Ancient paint media where pigment mixed with hot wax.
  62. Buon Fresco
    Ancient paint media where pigment is applied to wet or dry plaster.
  63. Oil Painting
    Painting method that allows intense colors with lustrous surfaces.
  64. Freestanding (sculpture)
    Objects meant to be seen from all sides.
  65. Site-Specific (sculpture)
    A sculpture that is specifically designed for a particular place, the space becoming part of the experience of the artwork.
  66. Lost Wax Casting Method
    The ancient process by which a metal (such as silver, gold, brass or bronze) sculpture is cast from an artist's sculpture.
  67. Ready-Mades
    Artworks that use objects from the real world with few changes by the artist.
  68. Installation
    Usually mixed media and are designed for specific interior or exterior spaces. The artist considers the space of the gallery or site as part of their artistic medium.
  69. Symbol
    An image or element that stands for or represents some other entity or concept. They are culturally determined and must be taught.
  70. Iconography
    The pictorial material relating to or illustrating a subjec.
  71. Visual Metaphor
    An image or element that is descriptive of something else.
  72. Formalism (Criticism)
    Criticism that emphasizes the analysis of visual form (design, materials, and size).
  73. Ideological Criticism
    Criticism that is rooted in the writings of Karl Marx, deals with the political and/or economic aspects of art. Even artwork that may seem neutral is still political.
  74. Psychoanalytic Criticism
    Criticism that focuses on art as the product of individuals shaped by their pasts, their unconscious urges, and their social histories. (Sigmund Freud). It is appropriate for work that deals with strong emotional content, intuition, dream imagery, or fantasy.
  75. Deconstructionist Criticism
    Introduced by Jacques Derrida, it is criticism that holds that from the inside, any system looks natural and coherent, but it is in fact filled with unseen contradictions, myths, or stereotypes. Holds belief that art works have multiple meanings rather than one absolute interpretation.
  76. Feminist Criticism
    Criticism that is concerned with the oppression of groups (especially women) in society and advocates equal social, political, and economic rights for all women and men.
  77. Visual Culture
    Attempt to integrate all of the visual components of contemporary culture. People in industrialized nations consume massive numbers of images every day from film, ads, Internet, TV, etc.
  78. Emphasis
    Creating one or more focal points in an image.
  79. Line Quality
    ______ expresses a range of emotions, such as fragility, roughness, anger, whimsy, vigor, etc.
  80. Composition
    The arrangement of formal elements in a work of art. Principles are: balance, rhythm, proportion, scale, emphasis, and unity & variety.
  81. Positive Space
    The area of an image is occupied by the subject.
  82. Negative Space
    The area of an image is surrounding the subject.
  83. Unity and Variety
    The use of repetition and difference to create a harmonious and dynamic design.