MA Ch21

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schooley07
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13459
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MA Ch21
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2010-04-07 18:48:48
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MA Ch21
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MA Ch21
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  1. The following substances can serve as transmission agents
    semen & vaginal secretions
  2. What is a viral infection of the liver that can lead to cirrhosis and death
    Hepatitis
  3. Working in an occupation that requires exposure to human blood and body fluids
    Risk Factors
  4. Primary risk factor for HBV and HCV infection is occupational exposure to the virus is
    Risk in the Medical Community
  5. In which stage of hepatitis does the patient experience general malaise, N&V, or no symptoms at all?

    A- prodomal
    B- icteric
    C- convalescent
    D- jaundice
    A
  6. A vaccine is available to prevent HBV infection. In fact OSHA has established guidlines that require your employer to offer you this vaccine at no charge is called what
    Preventive Measures
  7. Vaccination against HBV does not protect you from other strains of hepatitis. There are currently no vaccines for HCV for example
    Preventive Measures
  8. A virus that infects and gradually destroys components of the immune system is
    HIV
  9. The condition that results from the advanced stages of this viral infection is
    AIDS
  10. HIV infection in homosexual men has leveled off and even declined slightly in some areas of the US. At the same time, infection in heterosexual men and women and teenagers is increasing rapidly
  11. Incubation period in adults is
    8 and 15 years
  12. Majority of adults with the disease are between
    25 and 45
  13. Greatest risk factor for contracting HIV infection is
    unprotected sexual activity
  14. Every infant born to an infected mother contracts the disease and some infected infants have cleared the virus from their systems within a year after birth
    False
  15. Weight loss, fatigue, fever, chills, and night sweats
    Systemic complaints
  16. gingivitis, oral lesions, and hairy leukoplakia, which is white lesions on the tongue
    Oral Complaints
  17. Which of the following refers to the occurrence of abnormal tissue in the skin and sometimes in the lymph nodes and organs manifested by reddish purple to dark blue patches or spots on the skin?

    A- jaundice
    B- leukopenia
    C- Kaposi's sarcoma
    D- chancre
    C
  18. Herpes virus that causes chicken pox may become dormant in the body and may return as shingles
    Herpes Zoster
  19. A disease that is spread from person to person primarily through the bite of infected mosquitoes is?

    A- listeriosis
    B- cytomegalovirus
    C- toxoplasmosis
    D- malaria
    D
  20. Toxoplasmosis
    cat feces
  21. Which diseases are transmitted by blood-borne pathogens?

    A- pneumonia
    B- hepatitis B and C
    C- Parkinson's disease
    D- hepatitis A and D
    B
  22. Which of the following variations of hepatitis is spread by the fecal-oral route?

    A- hep A
    B- hep B
    C- hep C
    D- hep D
    A
  23. Which of the variations of hepatitis is the most common blood-borne hazard health care workers face?

    A- hep A
    B- hep B
    C- hep D
    D- hep E
    B
  24. A day-care worker who changes the diaper of a child with hepatitis and then helps another child with feeding before washing her hands could pass on ____ to the child who is eating

    A- hep B
    B- hep C
    C- hep A
    D- hep D
    C
  25. Which type of hepatitis is also referred to as non-A/non-B?

    A- hep A
    B- hep B
    C- hep C
    D- hep D
    C
  26. Which variation of hepatitis has no cure and results in more deaths than the other forms of hepatitis combined?

    A- hep C
    B- hep A
    C- hep B
    D- hep D
    A
  27. The variation of hepatitis that is transmitted by the fecal-oral route and may be fatal in pregnant women is?

    A- hep E
    B- hep D
    C- hep C
    D- hep B
    A
  28. Which variation of hepatitis is transmitted by contaminated water?

    A- hep B
    B- hep C
    C- hep D
    D- hep E
    D
  29. The main risk factor for hepatitis B and hepatitis C is?

    A- having hemophilia
    B- traveling internationally
    C- working in an occupation that requires exposure to human blood and body fluids
    D- receiving hemodialysis
    C
  30. Which disease called fifth disease is caused by human parvovirus B19 and occurs mainly in children?

    A- cytomegalovirus
    B- erythema infectiosum
    C- listeriosis
    D- human T-cell lymphotrophic virus
    B
  31. Which stage of hepatitis occurs after two acute infection stages and can last 2-3 weeks as symptoms gradually subside?

    A- prodomal
    B- icteric
    C- jaundice
    D- convalescent
    D
  32. During the icteric stage of hepatitis the patient experiences

    A- general malaise
    B- nausea
    C- no symptoms at all
    D- yellowing of the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes
    D

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