History exam 1

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freddy562
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134600
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History exam 1
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2012-02-12 06:38:43
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HISTORY EXAM COLONIAL ERA
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HISTORY EXAM COLONIA ERA
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  1. NATIVE AMERICAN POPULATION HIGH AND LOW
    • HIGH: 300,000
    • LOW: 25,000 DUE TO DECEASES
    • GANARIA AND SIFALLIS STDS
  2. NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE
    5 MAJOR LANGUAGE GROUPS
  3. NATIVE TRIBES
    • GABRIELINOS "TONGRA" IN LOS ANGELES
    • CHUMASH -- IN VENTURA SANTA BARBERA AREA
  4. NATIVE AMERICAN LIFE STYLE
    • HUNTER GATHERERS ALMOST NO PLANTING
    • PRUNE PLANTS

    CHUMASH MAINLY FISHERMAN

    FAIRLY CLEAN

    • WILL ONLY WEAR CLOTHS ON COLD DAYS.
    • ALLOW TO KEEP CULTURE AFTER THE SPANISH ARRIVED
  5. NATIVE FOOD AND CRAFTS
    ACORNS. WILL REMOVE ACID

    ROCK PAINTING

    BASKET MAKERS (WATER PROOF)

    WOVEN CAPS

    GRASS SKIRTS

    TATTOOS
  6. NATIVE BASKET WATERPROOF
    THEY WOULD USE TAR TO MAKE THE BASKET THEY WOULD ALSO USE TREE SAP PINE SAP
  7. NATIVE BELIEFS
    • REALITY = SPIRT AND PHYSICAL WORLD
    • SHAMAN CAN GO TO SPIRT WORLD AKA WITCHDOCS.
    • THEY WILL INTO A TRANCE WITH TOLOACH TYPE OF WEED .

    CHINIGCHINICH OS THE GOD
  8. RACE -SOCIAL CLASS
    PENINSULARES
    • THOSE FROM SPAIN OR PORTUGAL.
    • COULD BE RICH OR POOR. BUT HELD TOP POSITIONS
  9. RACE -SOCIAL CLASS
    CRIOLLOS
    • THOSE BORN IN THE COLONIES OF EURIPEN ANCESTORY.
    • RICH OR POOR.
    • MADE UP MOST UPPER CLASS
  10. RACE -SOCIAL CLASS
    MESTIZOS
    • THOSE OF PART INDIAN AND EUROPEAN ANCESTRY
    • RICH DEPENDING ON THE FAMILY.
    • MOST WERE PEASANTS AND WORKERS
  11. RACE -SOCIAL CLASS
    MULATOS
    • PART BLACK AND CAUCASIAN COULD BE SLAVE OR FREE
    • STATUS DEPENDING ON DEGREE OF EUROPEANIZATION AND IMPORTANCE OF EUROPEAN PARENTS. MOSTLY WORKERS AND PEASANTS
  12. RACE -SOCIAL CLASS
    INDIOS
    ALLIED NOBILITY COULD BE TREATED WITH RESPECT. FREE AFTER LAWS AGAINST SLAVERY. MOST WERE WORKERS AND PEASANTS
  13. RACE -SOCIAL CLASS
    NEGROS
    BLACKS. COULD BE FREE OR SLAVE. MOST WERE WORKERS AND REASANTS
  14. RACE -SOCIAL CLASS
    BRAZIL
    • MORE SOCIALLY OPEN THAN SPAN.AMER.
    • THE WEALTHIER AND MORE IMPORTANT THE JOB. THE WHITER YOU BECOME
  15. SPANISH COLONIA ERA
    VIEW TOWARDS INDIOS
    SPANISH SAW INDIOS AS WORKERS AND PEOPLE TO CONVERT TO CATHOLICIUM
  16. SPANISH COLONIA ERA
    SLAVES
    • BECAME ILLEGAL IN 1570 FOR INDIOS SLAVES
    • AFRICAN SLAVERY ALLOWED
  17. WHATS A CHINO
    3/4 BLACK 1/4 INDIO
  18. CABRILLO
    CONFUSION OVER IF HE WAS PORTAGEES INSTEAD OF SPANIER.

    DIED ON ISLAND. CATALINA OR SAN MIGUEL
  19. DRAKE
    • HE WAS ENCOURAGE TO STEAL FROM THE SPANISH
    • PULLED IN SOME HARVOR ABOVE SAN FRAN.
    • NATIVES THOUGH HE WAS THEIR DEAD RELATIVES SPIRTS
    • NATIVES GAVE HIM A FEATHER CROWN. HE THOUGH THEY PROCLAIME HIM KIGN. DRAKE CLAIM LAND AND RENAMED IT "NEW ALBION"
    • WITCH IS NEW ENGLAND.
  20. MANILA GALLEON
    • SPANISH CONQUER WHAT IS THE PHILAPINESS NAMED AFTER KING PHELIPE. CAPITAL NAMED AFTER HIM.
    • SHIP NAMED AFTER HIM AS WELL.
  21. MANILA GALLEON "SHIP"
    • SHIP SAIL ONCE A YEAR FROM THE PHILIPPINES TO ACAPULCO PORT IN MEXICO. COMES BACK TO TRADE GOOD THROUGHOUT ASIA.
    • SHIP DAMAGE ONCE AND LOST GOODS.
  22. VIZCAINO
    • SELECTED TO FINE A PLACE IN CALIFORNIA TO BUILD HARBOR.
    • HE FOUND ONE AND NAMED IT MONTEREY.
    • PROJECT WAS CANCEL DUE TO A NEW BOSS
  23. JOSE DE GALVES
    • VISITOR GENERAL AKA THE INSPECTOR.
    • TO IMPROVE NORTH WEST MEXICO AGAINST CORRUPTION. MONEY AND GOODS MISSING.
    • CREATED OWN JOB FOR HIM.
    • PROMOTED TO SUPER INTENDENT.
    • HIS TARGET WAS TO COLONIZE CALIFORNIA.
    • RUSSIAN THREAT. SENT EXPEDITION CUZ EXSSAGERATION THAT THE RUSSIANS WERE COMING DOWN FROM ALASKA
  24. PORTALA EXPEDITION
    CPT PORTOLA.
    • MOSTLY LAND FORCES. HAD 3 SHIP SAILING PARALLEL TO THEM AS A PLAN "B"
    • LT. FAGES AND CATALAN. ALSO VOLENTEERS.
    • CPT RIVER MONECADA AND HIS LEATHER SOILDERS
  25. PORTOLA EXPEDITION
    FR. JUNIPERO SERRA
    CONVERSION OF NATIVES HISPANISIZE THEM INTO SETTLERS

    THE MTHOD WERE MISSIONS
  26. PORTALA EXPEDITION
    ALMOST FAIL
    • 1 SHIP LOST. I SHIP FULL OF SICK SAILORS WITH SCURVY.
    • SAND DIEGO MISSION. FR SERRA STAYED
    • POTALA CONTINUE MISSION WITH THE FEW LEFT(66?)
  27. PORTALA EXPEDITION
    RIVERS
    SANTA ANA RIVER = RIO JESUS DE LOS TEMBLORES

    LA RIVER = RIO PORCIUNCULA
  28. PORTALA EXPEDITION
    PORT MONTEREY
    REACH THE PORT AND SAW IT WAS SMALL. BUILD A MISSION AND LEFT.
  29. DE ANZA EXP.
    CHOSEN TO BUILD ROAD FROM SONORA ALL THE WAY TO SAN FRAN.

    WENT UP THE ROUTE TO MAKE TRETY WITH THE NATIVES BY GIVING THEM GIFTS AND GOODS.

    ROAD WAS FOR TRADES AND SETTLERS
  30. PUEBLOS
    MONTEREY
    • GOV. FELIPE DE NEVE
    • WASNT GOVERNER OF MUCH.
    • JUST MUD HOUSES INDIANS AND FEW SPANISH SPEAKERS
    • WAS ABLE TO RECRUIT PEOPLE
    • MOSTLY SINALOENSES AND FROM SONORA. ALL THE POOR PEOPLE
  31. PUEBLOS
    SAN JOSE
    • STARTED WITH 14 FAMILIES
    • WAS THE FIRST TOWN
  32. PUEBLOS
    LA
    • SECOND CITY
    • MAD OF 2 SPANIARDS
    • 1 CHINO MESTIZOS MULATOS INDIOS.
    • TOTAL OF 44 PEOPLE. MIX RACIAL BACKGROUND
  33. MISSIONARY MIND
    • CONVERT AND SAVE NATIVES WAS A PRIORITY
    • SUFFERING OF MARTYRS. SEEK MARTYRDOM
    • MORTIFICATION OF THE FLESH, WHIPS
    • PUNISHMENT
    • MISSIONS WERE BASICALLY FARMS

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