Psychology

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Author:
micb1221
ID:
134652
Filename:
Psychology
Updated:
2012-02-12 14:55:28
Tags:
child development human psychology
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Description:
Human Development chapter 4
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  1. Brains ability to change in response to experience
    Plasticity
  2. Part of the brain that is most developed at birth
    Midbrain and Medulla
  3. Part of the brain that is least developed at birth
    Cortex
  4. Insulating layer of proteins and fatty substances
    Myelinization
  5. Reflexes that help survival
    Adaptive Reflexes
  6. Warn of neuronal developemental problems when weak or absent
    Adaptive Reflexes
  7. Reflexes controlled by less sophisticated parts of the brain
    Primitive Reflexes
  8. Reflexes appear at birth and disappears by 6-8 months
    Primitive Reflexes
  9. Sleeps 80% of the day
    Neonates (infants)
  10. at 6 months babys sleep ________ hrs a day?

    A) 16
    B) 14
    C) 8
    D) 10
    B) 14
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Process of bone hardening
    Ossification
  12. The process of synapse development
    Synaptogenesis
  13. The elimination of unused synapses
    Pruning
  14. a diet that contains too few calories, leading cause of death under age 5
    Macronutrient
  15. Lack of protein in a diet
    A) Marasmus
    B) Macronutrient
    C) Micronutrient
    D) Kwashiorkor
    D) Kwashiorkor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Diet that lacks Vitamins and/or minerals
    Micronutrient Malnutrition
  17. Type of visual that shows how well a child can see details at a distance.
    Visual acuity
  18. The smooth movements one uses to follow a moving object.
    Tracking
  19. How well one can hear
    Auditory acuity
  20. A research method in which a researcher keeps track of how long a baby looks at each of two objects
    Preference technique
  21. A decline in attention that occurs because a stimulus has become familiar
    habituation
  22. Responding to a somewhat familiar stimulus as if it were new
    Dishabituation
  23. Training a child to do an act using reinforcement.
    Operant conditioning
  24. A single perception is based on information from two or more senses (a child can feel something and know what it is)
    Intermodal perception
  25. Theorist claim that perceptual skills are inborn.
    Nativists
  26. Theorist argue that perceptual abilities are learned.
    Empiricists
  27. when you know that one object is of further distance than another.
    Interposition
  28. The relative sizes of two similar objects such as telephone poles are smaller as they get further away.
    Linear Perspective
  29. knowing that objects in the distance move slower than objects close up (when moving trees that are closer move faster than the moon which is further away)
    Kinetic cues
  30. A reflex when a childs foot is stroked and she will splay out her toes and then curl them in.
    Babinski reflex
  31. A reflex of startle when a child is scared
    Moro Reflex

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