Card Set Information
What is known as all chemical reactions that occur in an organism?
What are two categories of metabolism?
What kind of reactions is anabolism and catabolism?
: building up
: breaking down
What kind of energy use do anabolism and catabolism have?
: releases energy
: requires energy
What are the functions of enzymes?
speed up chemical reactions, such as metabolism
What are enzymes made of?
When do enzymes denature and lose shape?
low acidic pH
high alkaline basic pH
What are two types of enzyme inhibitors?
What do competitive inhbitors do to enzymes?
antibiotics take shape of received enzyme's food
stops enzyme from metabolizing for bacteria
How do heavy metals inhibit enzymes?
they change the shape of the enzyme so it has no active site
What are two ways microogranisms produce energy?
What 3 steps happen in fermentation?
breaks down glucose into ATP and pyruvic acid
combines pyruvic acid with ATP
produces gas, alcohol, and acid
What happens in aerobic respiration?
breaks down glucose into
ATP and pyruvic acid
seperates pyruvic acid to make
ATP, carbon dioxide, and electron pairs
uses electronic pairs to create
CO2 and H2O
What does ETC stand for, and where is it found?
electronic transport chain
How many ATP molecules can fermentation and aerobic repsiration make?
How many carbon do glucose and pyruvic acid have?
: 6 C
: 3 C