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  1. What is known as all chemical reactions that occur in an organism?
  2. What are two categories of metabolism?
    • anabolism
    • catabolism
  3. What kind of reactions is anabolism and catabolism?
    • anabolism: building up
    • catabolism: breaking down
  4. What kind of energy use do anabolism and catabolism have?
    • anabolism: releases energy
    • catabolism: requires energy
  5. What are the functions of enzymes?
    speed up chemical reactions, such as metabolism
  6. What are enzymes made of?
  7. When do enzymes denature and lose shape?
    • high heat
    • low acidic pH
    • high alkaline basic pH
  8. What are two types of enzyme inhibitors?
    • competitive inhibitors
    • heavy metals
  9. What do competitive inhbitors do to enzymes?
    • antibiotics take shape of received enzyme's food
    • stops enzyme from metabolizing for bacteria
    • bacteria die
  10. How do heavy metals inhibit enzymes?
    they change the shape of the enzyme so it has no active site
  11. What are two ways microogranisms produce energy?
    • fermentation
    • aerobic respiration
  12. What 3 steps happen in fermentation?
    • glycolysis breaks down glucose into ATP and pyruvic acid
    • cell combines pyruvic acid with ATP
    • produces gas, alcohol, and acid
  13. What happens in aerobic respiration?
    • glycolysis breaks down glucose into ATP and pyruvic acid
    • Kreb's cycle seperates pyruvic acid to make ATP, carbon dioxide, and electron pairs
    • ETC uses electronic pairs to create CO2 and H2O
  14. What does ETC stand for, and where is it found?
    • electronic transport chain
    • aerobic respiration
  15. How many ATP molecules can fermentation and aerobic repsiration make?
    • fermentation: 2
    • aerobic repsiration: 38
  16. How many carbon do glucose and pyruvic acid have?
    • glucose: 6 C
    • pyruvic acid: 3 C
Card Set:
2012-05-01 21:48:44

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