AP Gov Legislation Terms

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  1. adjourn
    suspend as in a session of congress
  2. apportion
    distribute, as in seats in a legislative body
  3. appropriate
    assign to a particular use
  4. at-large election
    election of an officeholder by the voters of an entire government unit rather than by the voters of a district
  5. bicameral legislature
    two chamber legislature composed of house and senate
  6. bill
    a proposed law presented to a legislative body for consideration
  7. bipartisan
    supported by two parties
  8. caucus
    a group of individual like-minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election
  9. censure
    issue a formal condemnation
  10. closed rule
    a rule that prohibits amendments to a bill from the floor
  11. cloture
    procedure that may be used to limit or end floor debate in legislative body
  12. cloture rule
    rule 22 to break a filibuster formally
  13. commerce power
    exclusive power of congress to regulate interstate/foreign trade
  14. committee chairman
    member who heads a standing committee in a legislative body
  15. committee of the whole
    a committee that consists of an entire legislative body used for procedure in which body expedites business by resolving itself into a committee
  16. concurrent resolution
    a statement of position on an issue used by the House/Senate acting jointly; doesnt have force of law/require Pres. signature
  17. conference committee
    temportary joint committee created to reconcile any difference between two houses versions of a bill
  18. consense
    general agreement among various groups on fundamental matters
  19. conservative coalition
    a coalition of Republicans and conservative democrats
  20. constituency
    the people/interests that elected officials represnet
  21. continous body
    government unit who seats are never up for election all at once
  22. deficit financings
    practice of funding gov't by borowing to make up difference between gov't spending and revenue
  23. direct tax
    a tax that must be paid by person on whom it is levied
  24. discharge petition
    a device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had the bill for 30 days, may petition to have it brought to the floor
  25. division vote
    a congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted
  26. doctrine
    particular principle or thought
  27. double-tracking
    a prodecure to keep the senate going during a filibuster in which the disputed bill is shelved temporarily so the senate can get on with its business
  28. eminent domain
    the power to take private property for use by another body to exercise functions of public character, following payment of compensation for owner
  29. filibuster
    an attempt to defeat a bill in the senate by talking indefinitely; thus preventing senate from taking action
  30. floor leaders
    leaders of their political parties in each house of the legislature
  31. franking privilege
    ability of members to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by submitting facsmilie signature for postage
  32. impeach
    charges against an official for unlawful activity
  33. indirect tax
    a tax collected by an intermediary from the consumer
  34. joint committee
    committees on which both senators and reepresentatives serve
  35. joint resolution
    a formal expression of congressional opinion that must be approved by both houses of Congress + president
  36. legal tender
    any form of payment that must be accepted for a debt
  37. liberal constructionist
    a broad constructionist/interpreation of powers given to congress
  38. logrolling
    a legislator supports a proposal favored by another in return for his support
  39. majoirty leader
    legislative leader elected by party members holding majoirty of seats in house/senate
  40. marginal districts
    political districts in which cadidates elected to the House win in close elections, typically by less than 50% vote
  41. minority leader
    legislative leader elected by party members holding minority of seats in House/Seante
  42. multiple referral
    congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to many committees
  43. naturalizations
    to grant full citizenship
  44. necessary-and-proper clause
    section of Constitution that allows Congress to make laws necessary and proper to carry out powers not specifically given to it in Constitution
  45. off-year election
    an election not in the 4-year presidential election cycle
  46. open rule
    an order from the House Rules Committee that permits a bill to be amended on the floor
  47. oversight function
    an action taken by government to review, montor and supervise federal agencies programs activities and policy implementation
  48. partisan
    a support of a party, faction or cause
  49. party caucus
    a meeting that party members attend to decide poicies and choose candiddates to run for office
  50. party polarization
    a vote in which a majoirty of Democratic legislators oppose a majoirty of Republican legislators
  51. pocket veto
    a bill fails to become law because the president didnt sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns
  52. politico
    a politician
  53. pork barrel legislation
    legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in several districts/states in hope of winning their votes in return
  54. President of the Senate
    the presiding officer of the senate/speaker of assemblies
  55. president pro tempore
    second highest ranking official of senate
  56. private bil
    a legislative bill that deals with specififc, private, personal or local matters
  57. public bill
    a legislative bill that deals with matters of general concern
  58. public debt
    money borrowed by the federal government
  59. quorum
    minimum number of members who must be present for business to be conducted in congress
  60. quorum call
    a role call in houses of Congress to see whther the minimum number of members are present to conduct business
  61. reapportion
    distrivute again in a different way
  62. resolution
    a formal expression of opinion by an organization
  63. restrictive rule
    an order from the House Rules Committee that permits certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made into a bill on the floor
  64. rider
    an additional cluase, usually unrelated to the main body, attached to a legislative bill in passing it
  65. roll-call vote
    congressional voting procedure that consists of members answering a yea or nay to their names
  66. safe districts
    districts in which incumbents win by margins of 55% or more
  67. select committees
    confressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose
  68. seniority rule
    custom in congress providing for assignment of a committee chairpersonship to member of majority party who has served on committee the longest
  69. sequential referral
    a congressional process by which a speaker may send a bill to a 2nd committee after 1st in finished writing
  70. simple resolution
    an expression of opinion either in the House/Senate to settle procedural matters in either body
  71. Speaker of the House
    presiding officer of the house of Representatives
  72. special session
    a period when body convenes outside of normal legislation
  73. standing committees
    permanently established legislative committees that consider and are responsible for legislation within a certain subject area
  74. subcommittee
    a subdivision of a congree that considers specified matters and reports back to full committee
  75. teller vote
    a congressional voting procedure in which members pass between two tellers, yes first and nays second
  76. trustee
    any person who holds propert, authority, or a position of turst or responsibility for benefit of other
  77. voice vote
    a congressional voting procedure in which members shout year in approval or nay in disapporival, allowing members to vote quickly or anonymously in bills
  78. whips
    a senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking
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AP Gov Legislation Terms
2012-02-12 23:46:55

AP Gov Legislation Terms
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