Geog 101 hw1

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TryNlearn
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134788
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Geog 101 hw1
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2012-02-20 03:00:48
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geog
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hw questions prep for test ch.1-3.
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  1. Atmoshpere/biosphere/hydrosphere.

    a. sky/forest/geology
    b. ocian of air that surrounds us/plants and animals/ rivers, lakes, oceans
    c. air and particulates/ water vapor/ oceans
    d. clouds/ mushrooms and elephants/ volcanoes
    e. all of the environmental spheres
    b
  2. The response to earth's rotation is

    a. an equatorial bulge.
    b. polar bulge.
    c. equatorial flattening.
    d. Death Valley
    e. The battle of the bulge.
    • a.
    • oblate sphere =flat on the top and bottom, bulge at equator.
  3. The first nearly correct measurement of the earth's circumference was made by ____.
    a. Clinton.
    b. Einstein
    c. Eratosthenes
    d. Colombus
    e. Plato
    • c.
    • 220 years ago using trig.
  4. The sun's rays are directly overhead at the _____ on or about December 22.

    A. Arctic Circle
    B. Tropic of Capricorn
    C. North Pole
    D. Antarctic Circle
    E. Tropic of Cancer
    B.Southern hemisphere. winter in north.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. To explain whe the NH is hotter during aphelion _____?

    a. "keep your eyes on the skies"
    b. "whole lotta heatin' goin' on"
    c. "its not the distance, but the angle"
    d. " I found out by flag pole forcasting"
    e. "to predict the future look up or west"
    c
  6. The maximum distance between Earth and sun occurs in July and is called the _____.

    A. vernal equinox
    B. aphelion
    C. winter solstice
    D. plane of the exliptic
    E. perihelion
    B. Ap means away in Greek.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. On Jun 22, the sun's rays ae directly overhead over the ____.
    A. Tropic of Cancer
    B. Equator
    C. Plane of the Ecliptic
    D. Tropic of Capricorn
    E. Arctic Circle
    D. NH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Any division of the Earth into two hemisphieres is separated a

    A. circle of illumination, perhelion, and great circle
    B. small circle
    C. perihelion
    D. greate circle and circle of illumination
    e. none of the above
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The 0 degree longitude is the same thing as the ______ Meridian.
    A. Equator
    B. Prime
    C. Internatinal date line
    D. Perihelion
    E. geographic grid
    B. 0 deg. is prime meridian180 deg. is 180prime meridian.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The Earth's speed of rotation is fastest at the ____.
    A. Tropic of Capricorn
    B. Arctic Circle
    C. Antarctic Circle.
    D. Equator
    E. Topic of Cancer
    D. has the largest area to cover
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Fig 3-20 ______.
    A. Hilo is leeward, greener, and rainier.
    B. Puako is leeward, browner and sunnier.
    C. Puako is leeward, greener, and rainier.
    d. none of the above.
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Longitude/ latitude.

    A. angular distance east or west of prime mer/ ang. dist. n or s of equator
    B. parallel/ meridian
    C. angular distance east or west of oquator./ ang. dist. n or s of prim mer
    D. equator/ prime meridian
    E. tropic of cancer/ arctic circle
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The farthest north the vertical rays of the sun ever reach north of the equator, occurs on or about _____.

    A. December 22
    B. June 22
    C. September 22
    D. March 22
    e. none of the above dates
    B. NH is in tropic of cancer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. On both the Spring and Fall equinox, the sun's rays are vertically overhead at the _____.

    a. tropic of cancer
    b. equator
    c. tropic of capricorn
    d. arctic circle
    e. none of the above
    b
  15. The solid, inorganic portion of the earth system is known as the _______.

    A. hydrosphere
    B. atmosphere
    C. biosphere
    D. troposphere
    E. lithosphere
    E. litho Greek for stone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The time of the year when the earth is closest to the sun is __ and when it is fathest is ___.
    A. aphelion, perihelion
    B. perihelion, summer solstice
    C. perihelion, aphelion
    D. aphelion, winter solstice
    e. none of the above
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. the best description of the actual shape of the earth is as a
    A. spheroid
    B. adenoid
    C. oblate spheroid
    D. sphere
    E. circle
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The Earth rotates about (on) its
    A. revolution
    B. inclination
    C. axis
    D. equator
    E. great circle
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. At the Summer solstice, daylight varies from ___ hours at the Equator to ___ hours at the North Pole.
    A. 24, 0
    B. 12, 0
    C. 0,24
    D. 12, 24
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The perihelion is during the month of
    A. December
    B. March
    C. January
    D. September
    E. July
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Of the following, which is NOT considered a map essential?
    A. title
    B. date
    C. cartogropher's identification
    D. legend
    E. scale
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The relationship between the map distance and the corresponding distance on the groud is known as the ___.
    a. legend
    b. projection
    c. map
    d. contour
    e. scale
    e
  23. Which of the following are true?
    a. Nitrogen=78%, Oxygen=21%, Argon=1%
    b. Latitud, elevation and topographic barriers are controls of climate
    c. Fig. 3-19= the photographer is standing on the leeward side
    d. all of the above true
    e. only a and b are true
    d.
  24. The reason why there is no such thingas a distortion-free map
    a. false, advancements in computers now make it possible
    b. there is no such thing as a free lunch
    c. repeated folding of map
    d. any of the above
    e. distortion is inevitable when rounded objected are projected onto flat surfaces
    e.
  25. ______ is the science of obtaining reliable measurements from photographs.
    A. cartography
    B. geography
    C. sonar
    D. photogrammetry
    E. meteorology
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. globe/ map
    A. remote sensing/ fractional scale
    B. GIS/ verbal scale
    C. two dimensional representation of earth/ three dim rep of earth surface
    D. three dimensional representation of earth/ two dim rep of earth surface
    e. none of the above
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. As we go up in altitude in the troposphere ____.
    a. temperature decreases
    b. oxygen concentration decreases
    c. pressure decreases but wind speed increases
    d. all of the above are true
    e. only a and c are true
    d.
  28. A(n) ___ is the term for any map line which joins points of equal elevation.
    A. isobar
    B. contour
    C. isohyet
    D. isoline
    E. isotherm
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. equator/ t of can/ t of cap/ arctic circle/ antarctic circle.
    A. 0s/ 23.5N/ 23.5S/ 66.5N/ 66.5S
    B. 66.5S/ 23.5N/23.5S / 0/ 66.5S
    C. 0N/ 23.5N/23.5S/ 66.5N/ 66.5S
    D. 0/ 23.5N/ 23.5S/ 66.5N/ 66.5S
    e. none of above
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Isolines have all the properties EXCEPT the following:
    A. they are lines that connect points of unequal value
    B. they are always closed lines
    C. close isolines indicate a steep gradient
    D. widely spaced isolines indicate a gentle gradient
    E. the numerical difference between isolines are intervals
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of thge following is a form of remote sensing?
    a. aerial photography
    b. color infrared photography
    c. radar
    d. thermal infrared imaging
    e. all of the above
    e.
  32. On a color infrared photography, living green vegitation would appear__
    A. red
    B. to blush
    C. green
    D. blue
    E. black
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following should contain a brief summary of the map's content or purpose?
    A. the title
    B. the legend
    C. the area within the map boundaries
    D. the scale
    e. none of the above
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The explanations of symbls used on a map should be contained in __.
    A. the legend
    B. the table of contents
    C. the title
    D. the scale
    e. any of the above
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which is false.
    A. the earth revolves around the sun
    B. the tilt is 23.5 degrees
    C. the earth revolves on it axis as it rotates around the sun
    D. the earth rotates on a tilted axis
    E. a and d
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which of the following is the acronym for the satellit-based systemfor determining accurate positions on the earth's surface?
    A. GIS
    B. GPS
    C. SPOY
    D. Color IR
    E. Landsat
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. ___ technology involves layers of spatial data superimposed upon onanother.
    A. GPS
    B. radar
    C. GIS
    D. GQ
    e. all of the above
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The main component of the lower atmoshpere by total volume is ____.
    A. argon
    B. nitrogen
    C. water vapor
    D. oxygen
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. A major characteristic of the troposhere is its _____.
    A. total asence of water vapor
    B. containing of the ozone layer
    C. constant presence of cirrus clouds
    D. uniformly freezing temperatures
    E. decreases of temperature with increasing altitude
    E.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The side of a mountain sheltered from prevailing winds is the ___.
    A. leeward
    B. windward
    C. western
    D. eastern
    e. none of the above
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Fig. 3-17 wich is true:
    A. Hi=east winds, Lv=east winds, Fb=east winds
    B. las vegas=westerly wind, hawaii=easterly winds, Fairbanks=westerly winds.
    C. LV=west wind, Hi=east wind, Fb=east wind
    D. Lv=east winds, Hi=east wind, Fb=west wind
    E. Lv=east winds, Fb=west wind
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. It takes at least __ to determine the climate of a region.
    A. 10 years
    B. 5 years
    C. 100 years
    D. several decades (at least 30 years)
    E. several weeks
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which of the following is NOT gaseous in the atmosphere?a. argon
    b. clouds
    c. neon
    d. helium
    e. water vapor
    b. clouds are condinsation of wv.
  44. Most surface winds in the Tropics ___.
    A. blow toward the north (are northward)
    B. are easterly (come from the east)
    C. are westerly (come from the west)
    D. blow toward the south (are southward)
    e. none of the above
    B. 30-60 deg lat are only westerly winds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. We live at the bottom of an ocean of air called the ___.
    A. lithosphere
    B. biosphere
    C. fifth dimension
    D. atmosphere
    E. hydrospere
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. On the average, the tropopause is highest above the surface over the ___.
    A. Equator
    B. North Pole
    C. Antarctic Circle
    D. South Pole
    E. Arctic Circle
    A. 15 km above equator and 8km above poles.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Oxygen is the __ component of the atmosphere in terms of volume.
    A. main
    B. second
    C. third
    D. fifth
    E. fourth
    B. nitrogen 78%, oxygen 21%, and argon 1% are top three
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Other than along the equator, warm ocean currents are also located on the ___ of the continents.
    A. poleward side
    B. a and d
    C. windward side
    D. west side
    E. east side
    E.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The main reason the poles are cold and the tropics are warm is firs and foremost a functon of ___.
    a. the general atmospheric circulation
    b. latitude
    d. topography
    e. none of the above
    b. recieve less direct sun radiation.
  50. Which of the following is NOT a weather element?
    A. temperature
    B. wind
    C. moisture
    D. pressure
    E. latitude
    E.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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