Animal & Poultry Lect

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  1. Calorie
    The amount of heat required to raise the temp of 1g of water from 15-16C.
  2. CWT
    An abbreviation for hundredweight (100 lb).
  3. Broiler (fryer)
    A young meat-type chicken of either sex (usually up tp 6-8 weeks of age) weighing 3-5 lb. Also referred to as a fryer or young chicken.
  4. Ewe
    A sexually mature female sheep. A ewe lamb is a female sheep before attaining sexual maturity.
  5. Feeder
    Animals that need further feeding prior to slaughter.
  6. Layer
    A hen that is kept for egg production.
  7. Meat
    The tissues of the animal body that are used for food.
  8. Mutton
    The meat from a sheep that is over one year old.
  9. Ovine
    Refers to sheep.
  10. Per Capita
    Per person.
  11. Stocker (cattle)
    Weaned cattle that are fed high roughage diets (including grazing) before going into the feedlot.
  12. Anestrous
    Period of time when female is not in estrus; the nonbreeding season.
  13. Anterior
    Situated in front of, or toward the front part of, a point of reference. Toward the head of the animal.
  14. Calve
    Giving birth to a cow. Same as parturition.
  15. Cryptorchisism
    The retention of one or both testicles in the abdominal cavity in animals that typically have the testicles hanging in a scrotal sac.
  16. Cycling
    Infers that nonpregnant females have active estrous cycles.
  17. Dam
    Female parent.
  18. Distal
    Position that is distant from the point of attachment of an organ.
  19. Dry
    Refers to nonlactating female.
  20. Dystocia
    Difficult birth.
  21. Estrous
    An adjective meaning "heat," which modifies such words as "cycle." The estrous cycle is the heat cycle, or time from one heat to the next.
  22. Estrus
    The period of mating activity in the female mammal. Same as heat.
  23. Farrow
    To deliver, or give birth to, pigs.
  24. Freemartin
    A female calf born to a bull calf (approximtely 90% will be infertile)
  25. In Vitro
    Outside the living body; in a test tube or other artifivial environment.
  26. Open
    Refers to nonpregnant femals.
  27. Parity
    Number of different times a female has had offspring.
  28. Parturition
    The process of giving birth.
  29. Proximal
    Nearest. The position that is closest to the point of attachment for a limb or bone.
  30. Service
    To breed or mate.
  31. Settle
    To become pregnant.
  32. Sire
    Male parent.
  33. Stud
    Usually the same as stallion. Also a place where male animals are maintained (i.e, bull stud)
  34. Absorbtion
    The passage of liquid and digested (soluble) food across the gut wall.
  35. Adipose
    Fat cells or fat tissue.
  36. Ad Libitum
    Free choice; allowing animals to eat all they want.
  37. As fed
    Refers to feeding feeds that contain their normal amount of moisture.
  38. By-product
    A product of considerably less value than the major product.
  39. Creep
    An enclosure in which young can enter to obtain feed but larger animals cannot enter. This process is called creep feeding.
  40. Eructation
    The elimination of gas by belching.
  41. Essential nutrient
    A nutrient that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be supplied in the diet.
  42. Fill
    The contents of the digestive tract.
  43. Growth
    The increase in protein over its loss in the animal body. Occurs by increases in cell number, cell size, or both.
  44. Maintenance
    A condition in which the body is maintained without an increase or decrease in body weight and with no production or work being done.
  45. Masticate
    To chew food.
  46. Nonruminant (Monogastric)
    Simple-stomached or monogastric= one stomach
  47. Nutrient
    1) a substance that nourishes the metabolic processes of the body. 2) The end product of digestion.
  48. Viscera
    Internal organ and glands contained in the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
  49. Anthelmintic
    A drug or chemical agent used to killor remove internal parasites.
  50. Broodiness
    The desire of a female bird to sit on eggs (incubate).
  51. Cull
    To eliminate one or more animals from the breeding herd or flock.
  52. Full Sibs
    Animals having the same sire and dam.
  53. Gametes
    Male and female reproductive cells. The sperm and the egg.
  54. Gene
    The fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity.
  55. Genome
    Sum total
  56. Selection
    Differentially reproducing what one wants in a herd or flock.
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Animal & Poultry Lect
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