Animal & Poultry Lect
Card Set Information
Animal & Poultry Lect
The amount of heat required to raise the temp of 1g of water from 15-16C.
An abbreviation for hundredweight (100 lb).
A young meat-type chicken of either sex (usually up tp 6-8 weeks of age) weighing 3-5 lb. Also referred to as a fryer or young chicken.
A sexually mature female sheep. A ewe lamb is a female sheep before attaining sexual maturity.
Animals that need further feeding prior to slaughter.
A hen that is kept for egg production.
The tissues of the animal body that are used for food.
The meat from a sheep that is over one year old.
Refers to sheep.
Weaned cattle that are fed high roughage diets (including grazing) before going into the feedlot.
Period of time when female is not in estrus; the nonbreeding season.
Situated in front of, or toward the front part of, a point of reference. Toward the head of the animal.
Giving birth to a cow. Same as parturition.
The retention of one or both testicles in the abdominal cavity in animals that typically have the testicles hanging in a scrotal sac.
Infers that nonpregnant females have active estrous cycles.
Position that is distant from the point of attachment of an organ.
Refers to nonlactating female.
An adjective meaning "heat," which modifies such words as "cycle." The estrous cycle is the heat cycle, or time from one heat to the next.
The period of mating activity in the female mammal. Same as heat.
To deliver, or give birth to, pigs.
A female calf born to a bull calf (approximtely 90% will be infertile)
Outside the living body; in a test tube or other artifivial environment.
Refers to nonpregnant femals.
Number of different times a female has had offspring.
The process of giving birth.
Nearest. The position that is closest to the point of attachment for a limb or bone.
To breed or mate.
To become pregnant.
Usually the same as stallion. Also a place where male animals are maintained (i.e, bull stud)
The passage of liquid and digested (soluble) food across the gut wall.
Fat cells or fat tissue.
Free choice; allowing animals to eat all they want.
Refers to feeding feeds that contain their normal amount of moisture.
A product of considerably less value than the major product.
An enclosure in which young can enter to obtain feed but larger animals cannot enter. This process is called creep feeding.
The elimination of gas by belching.
A nutrient that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be supplied in the diet.
The contents of the digestive tract.
The increase in protein over its loss in the animal body. Occurs by increases in cell number, cell size, or both.
A condition in which the body is maintained without an increase or decrease in body weight and with no production or work being done.
To chew food.
Simple-stomached or monogastric= one stomach
1) a substance that nourishes the metabolic processes of the body. 2) The end product of digestion.
Internal organ and glands contained in the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
A drug or chemical agent used to killor remove internal parasites.
The desire of a female bird to sit on eggs (incubate).
To eliminate one or more animals from the breeding herd or flock.
Animals having the same sire and dam.
Male and female reproductive cells. The sperm and the egg.
The fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity.
Differentially reproducing what one wants in a herd or flock.