Card Set Information

2012-02-12 22:57:18
Airman leadership

ALS Set A Vol 2
Show Answers:

  1. Define time management
    Effectively using your time by setting goals and objectives to help you get the most from your resources and accomplish the mission.
  2. List three time management plans.
    The ABC Priority Method, The Pareto Principle, The Covey Time Management Matrix.
  3. Describe each plan.
    The ABC Priority Method – Make a ―To-do‖ list, prioritize all of your tasks as ―A‖, ―B‖, or ―C‖ items, perform ―A‖ items first, ―B‖ items next, and, finally, complete ―C‖ items.

    The Pareto Principle – 20% of items give 80% of the results. List your tasks and focus 80% of your time and effort to the 20% of your work that is most important.

    The Covey Matrix – Place each of your tasks into one of the four quadrants (Quadrant I = Quadrant of Reaction, Quadrant II = Quadrant of Quality, Quadrant III = Quadrant of Deception, Quadrant IV = Quadrant of Waste). Spend most of your time working in Quadrant I. Beware of Quadrants III and IV.
  4. What two steps are essential to ANY time management plan?
    Make a ―To-do‖ list. Prioritize your tasks.
  5. List several time management tools.
    Calendars, Organizers, Personal Planners, PDAs, Smart Phones.
  6. What types of items should be delegated?
    Priority ―C‖ tasks, Priority items that are urgent but not difficult.
  7. How can you take command of the telephone?
    Don‘t depend solely on messages left, No more telephone tag, Call scheduling, Work with others, Voicemail and answering machines.
  8. The ORI is only a month away and the shop is feeling the pressure. In a prior inspection, they identified numerous problems that will require a significant amount of time and resources to fix. SSgt Jones has been chosen as leader of the team to fix these problems. Monday morning, he got his team together and listed the tasks needing attention. When asked where they will start, SSgt Jones responds, "We should get as many of the easily knocked-out tasks done so the commander sees we are getting things accomplished."
    inappropriate. SSgt Jones failed to properly prioritize the tasks needed for mission accomplishment.
  9. SSgt King is a workcenter supervisor who is very concerned about her subordinates getting to their mandatory appointments on time. In order to enable them to do this, she has a calendar of all of their training and appointments on her desk, on her cell phone, and posted in the shop.
    Negatively because having multiple calendars opens her up to forgetting to update one. This could possibly cause her Airmen to miss training and become less proficient at their jobs.
  10. Identify 2 examples of the early use of air power.
    military ballooning, air machines, Aeroplane No. 1
  11. List 2 Air Force Medal of Honor recipients.
    Staff Sergeant Henry Erwin, Airman First Class William Pitsenbarger, Staff Sergeant Maynard H. Smith, Technical Sergeant Forrest Vosler, Staff Sergeant Archibald Mathies, Airman First Class John L. Levitow, Chief Master Sergeant Richard Etchberger
  12. What Air Force Manual (AFM) or Air Force Instruction (AFI) governs Dress and Appearance?
    AFI 36-2903
  13. How do Dress and Appearance support Air Force culture?
    Provides standardization and teamwork
  14. How far back does the origin of Dress and Appearance standards date?
    1775, when Gen George Washington commanded the Continental Army
  15. Why is it important for military members to show respect to the Flag?
    It honors our military heritage and shows an appreciation for freedom
  16. What Air Force Manual (AFM) or Air Force Instruction (AFI) governs Drill and Ceremonies?
    AFM 36-2203
  17. Air Force culture supports military professionalism by:
    All the above.
  18. You are home on leave from a deployment when you get a call from the high school you attended. They ask you to come and speak on behalf of the Air Force and its history for the annual career day. You are still jet-lagged from your long trip.Based on the principles learned in the Air Force Heritage chapter and using the EPME Structured Thinking Process, your BEST course of action would probably be:
    You are tired and do not want to be bothered. You have just traveled 2000 miles. However, you are proud to be a member of the Air Force and feel it‘s important to instill this and the Air Force history in future recruits and leaders. You choose to go and speak to them explaining the heritage of those who have come before you.
  19. As your day came to an end, you walked out of the building noticing it was almost time for Retreat to sound. You stood by because you knew you would not make it to your vehicle in time to get off post, and you wanted to give the flag its due respect. While waiting, you observed a team of Airmen led by a SrA who appeared to be behaving in an unprofessional manner and totally disrespecting the American Flag. They were talking and giggling among themselves, holding the flag as if it was a throw rug, and their uniforms were in total disarray. As a NCO, how would you approach this situation?
    One of the most notable symbols that all branches of the military show respect to is the American Flag. As a leader, it is your job to uphold the customs and traditions to inspire today’s followers. So when you see
  20. Define wellness.
    Wellness is identified as a complete advancement towards treating the mind, body, and spirit as a whole. It‘s a condition resulting from incorporating a system of individual programs into your life.
  21. List the four dimensions of wellness
    Social Emotional Spiritual Physical
  22. Define the four dimensions of wellness
    Social dimension deals with your network of friends and personal relationships with those you care about. Emotional dimension refers to building an awareness of and accepting your feelings and moods. Spiritual dimension is that within us which motivates us in life and gives us strength and resiliency. Physical dimension refers to weight control, a balanced and healthy diet, appearance, self image, and exercise.
  23. Explain why being totally fit impacts mission accomplishment
    Having a well-rounded perspective of fitness socially, spiritually, emotionally, and physically increases your ability to influence and lead your subordinates.
  24. Describe the purpose of the Air Force Fitness Program
    The purpose is to motivate all members to participate in a year-round physical conditioning program that emphasizes total fitness to include proper aerobic conditioning, strength/flexibility training, and healthy eating.
  25. List 5 key players of the Air Force Fitness Program
    Five Key Players of the Air Force Fitness Program are: Fitness Assessment Cell Unit Fitness Program Manager Immediate Supervisor Physical Training Leader Individual
  26. Define the Fitness Improvement Program
    The Fitness Improvement Program is a unit-based or fitness center-based program that all members receiving an ―Unsatisfactory‖ fitness score are required to attend.
  27. Define the Healthy Living Program
    The Healthy Living Program targets nutritional and exercise behavior changes to improve the members‘ health and fitness.
  28. List the factors of proper weight management
    The factors of proper weight management are: Aerobic Fitness Muscular Fitness Flexibility Body Composition
  29. List the four basic eating rules
    The four basic eating rules are: Eat small frequent meals. Eat every 3-4 hours (3 meals per day minimum). Eat as soon as possible after exercise. Consume a variety of foods.
  30. Give an example of how not eating frequently throughout the day may affect you.
    It may affect you by: Slow metabolism Overeating Reduce physical performance (ex. slow run time, decrease push-up/sit-up repetitions) Reduce mental performance (ex. reduce attentiveness to task accomplishment, attention to detail, and concentration levels)
  31. Give an example of a behavior not recommended to achieve optimal fitness
    In order to achieve optimal fitness, you shouldn‘t: Weigh yourself daily Use diuretics or laxatives Spend an excessive amount of time in saunas Participate in extremely low calorie diets
  32. Your team has recently been tasked to represent your unit in a fitness competition among all units assigned to your wing. Two members of your team do not want to compete because they feel that they are not as fit as the others and will potentially hurt the team‘s chances of winning the competition. Based on the concepts from the Fit to Lead chapter, the dimension of wellness most affected by the two members of your team is BEST described as
    The physical dimension includes any issues dealing with physical well-being such as diseases, alcohol and tobacco use, regular exercise, and a healthy diet.
  33. Determine which example demonstrates your responsibilities as a supervisor in relation to the fitness program.
    In this situation you developed a work schedule that would allow your subordinates to continue their physical fitness training at least 3 to 5 times a week while supporting a major exercise.
  34. Define stress
    Stress is any circumstance (stressor) that places special physical and/or psychological demands on an organism leading to physiological, psychological, and behavioral outcomes. If these demands persist over time, long-term or chronic undesirable outcomes or strains may result.
  35. What is the difference between eustress and distress?
    Eustress is the positive consequence of stress and distress is the negative consequence of stress.
  36. List the subcategories of organizational stressors. List the major types of extra-organizational stressors. Give an example of each stressor.
    The seven organizational stressor subcategories are job, role, environmental, interpersonal, leadership, organizational structure, and change. The three major types of extra-organizational stressors are family problems, marital issues, and financial issues.
  37. What are 4 stress reaction/condition types?
    Four stress reaction/condition types are physical, psychological, behavioral, and cognitive.
  38. List 3 ways to intervene and adapt to combat and operational stress to prevent PTSD.
    In order to intervene and adapt to combat and operational stress to prevent PTSD you can accept the fact of being in the military and prepare for the worse, understand that fear is normal, try to prevent fear so intense that it controls you (training to survive), communicate feelings and thoughts with others, reduce continuous exposure to the trauma, and seek professional help immediately.
  39. Describe Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
    Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a disorder diagnosed by psychologists/psychiatrist; diagnosed for people who have experienced a traumatic event in or out of combat and have problems coping and causes significant organizational, extra-organizational, rational, relationship, and interpersonal disturbances that causes depression.
  40. List the three behaviors associated with suicide.
    The three behaviors associated with suicide are suicidal gesture, attempted suicide, and completed suicide.
  41. List ways a supervisor can keep suicide prevention a continuous process within the workcenter.
    You can keep up a continuous process by keeping open communication with the subordinate and family, ensuring new members and family attend budget, parenting, and stress courses, addressing the topic in performance feedback sessions, addressing the topic at Commander‘s Call, making frequent face-to-face contact with your subordinates, and bonding with your Airmen through workcenter activities, meetings, and unannounced visits to shift workers.
  42. List three ways an attempted or completed suicide affects the workcenter and family.
    An attempted suicide or completed suicide can affect the workcenter by causing copy cat attempts, division within the workcenter and lower morale. If the suicide was completed in the workcenter, people may be afraid to go to the same area and/or accept blame for not noticing the warning signs. If the individual had a family, they may need professional counseling or financial aid.
  43. What are the actual impacts of going to Mental Health for assistance?
    The majority of those people who self-refer have a positive career outcome. They may be rehabilitated (if possible) and returned back to normal routines. Assistance can also be provided to the family by helping them with any problems related to their family member‘s health.
  44. Name additional referrals you could use to provide assistance in stressful situations.
    Your leadership, first sergeant, commander, mental health services, and chaplain are resources you can use to provide additional assistance in stressful situations.
  45. Which statement BEST demonstrates an extra-organizational stressor? A1C Coleman is distressed…
    Being stressed over financial issues falls under the three major types of extra-organizational stressors: family, marital, and financial.
  46. Your team recently became exposed to a traumatic event while performing convoy operations. You‘re scheduled to carry out several of these convoy operations and you‘re worried about your Airmen developing PTSD.
    In order to intervene and adapt to combat and operational stress to prevent PTSD, you can accept the fact of being in the military and prepare for the worse, understand that fear is normal, try to prevent fear so intense that it controls you (training to survive), communicate feelings and thoughts with others, reduce continuous exposure to the trauma, and seek professional help immediately.
  47. Which example BEST describes how to help someone who displays signs of being suicidal?
    As a leader you should use positive words of encouragement, convey an attitude of confidence, look for nonverbal clues or indicators, take charge, do not leave the person alone, and provide professional help for the person as soon as possible.
  48. Identify the purpose of AFI 36-2618, The Enlisted Force Structure.
    The purpose of AFI 36-2618 is to, ―Provide an enlisted force structure that best meets mission requirements; provide a common, stable career structure for all enlisted personnel; and provide all Airmen the opportunity for professional growth.‖
  49. Describe the differences between the expectations to the Junior Enlisted Airman Tier and the NCO Tier of AFI 36-2618.
    Some of the expectations of the Junior Enlisted Airman Tier include: adapting to the requirements of the military profession, achieve technical proficiency, grow into becoming a highly effective member of the Air Force, as senior airmen begin to exercise limited supervision and leadership, prepare for increased responsibilities, and continue to broaden technical skills. Some of the expectations of the NCO Tier include: become expert hands-on technicians, serve as supervisors, ensure team members work together, train and develop Airmen, develop leadership skills, accept all tasks and missions assigned and be held accountable by supervisors, accept responsibility for what my workcenter does or fails to do, fulfill my individual duties, and ensure my team and unit are successful.
  50. Define the expectations of responsibilities at the tactical level.
    Some of the expectations at the tactical expertise level include: perfect primary occupational skills and develop knowledge of Air Force institutional competencies, complete Professional Military Education (PME), earn the 5- and 7-skill levels, complete the Community College of the Air Force degree, strive to become the best technician and team member possible, train others, and serve as a first line supervisor and section leader.
  51. What is the Wingman concept?
    The wingman responsibility challenges you to take care of other Airmen. Being a good wingman means you share a bond with other Airmen. It also means that you can be counted on to support other members in all situations both on- and off-duty.
  52. What are some of the ways you can demonstrate effective followership?
    You can demonstrate effective followership by enthusiastically supporting, explaining, and promoting leaders‘ decisions. You can also accomplish this by developing innovative ways to improve processes and provide suggestions up the chain of command that will directly contribute to unit and mission success.
  53. In what ways will you be expected to demonstrate leadership as an NCO?
    As an NCO you must: accept and execute all duties, instructions, responsibilities, and lawful orders in a timely and efficient manner, lead and develop subordinates, exercise effective followership in mission accomplishment, place the requirements of your official duties and responsibilities ahead of your personal desires, issue lawful orders appropriate for the completion of your assigned tasks, and detect and correct conduct and behavior that may place you or others at risk.
  54. As an NCO, what are your general responsibilities in regards to pre-deployment?
    As an NCO you should meet all pre-deployment requirements and ensure you educate and assist your subordinates with deployment preparation actions. You‘ll also be expected to correct and counsel subordinates who do not meet deployment readiness standards.
  55. Which scenario BEST describes how you, as an NCO, meet your responsibilities in accordance with AFI 36-2618, The Enlisted Force Structure?
    AFI 36-2618 states, “NCOs must: Be alert for signs of depression or suicide in yourself and others. If severely depressed or suicidal, immediately seek assistance through your chain of command, chaplain, or other appropriate referral agency. Supervisors are often in the best position to detect early signs of depression or suicidal behavior.”
  56. You‘re a staff sergeant and the NCOIC of a shop that has five Airmen assigned. The shop safety policy requires that personnel must remove all jewelry when repairing electrical equipment. You notice that one of your Airmen is repairing a generator and has not removed her watch.
    You stopped the Airman from possibly getting hurt on the equipment. You informed her about the policy, and corrected her by having her remove her jewelry prior to working on the equipment. AFI 36-2618 outlines these expectations in multiple locations throughout the NCO responsibilities section.
  57. Define ethics.
    A principle of right or good behavior, a system of moral principles or values, a study of moral philosophy, or the rules and standards of conduct governing the members of a profession.
  58. What are some principles we value as military professionals?
    Honesty, Honor, Integrity, Service Before Self, Discipline
  59. What are some things expected of our daily conduct as military professionals?
    Don‘t lie, cheat, or steal. Follow the rules. Adhere to the standards. Always do your best work. Always conduct yourself professionally. Don‘t discriminate. Treat people with respect. Be open and honest.
  60. What resources or methods can you use to guide your ethical conduct and help your subordinates do the same?
    AFIs, The Air Force Core Values, The UCMJ, Know the expected standards of conduct, Mentoring, Proper leadership
  61. If you fail to conduct yourself in an ethical manner, there are sure to be consequences. Give examples of these consequences.
    I could bring shame to myself, my unit, my service, and my country. I‘d set a bad example for others. I‘d face corrective actions for breeches of discipline; it could lead to discharge. It could compromise my credibility with my superiors, subordinates, nation, etc. Workcenter disruption.
  62. Considering all the traits you learned about, why is integrity important?
    Integrity helps our subordinates, coworkers, and supervisors trust what we say and do. Integrity builds trust and trust is the foundation of all good relationships and teams. Showing integrity creates public trust for our decisions on defending our nation
  63. How could you, or do you, demonstrate Service Before Self in your daily actions?
    By demonstrating a willingness to be worldwide available and ready, by working long hours when necessary, by being prepared for deployments, and perform any duties necessary to accomplish the mission. As supervisors, we need to be willing to modify our own leave schedules so our subordinates can take their leave, and by ensuring my family and my subordinates‘ families are prepared for our absences from home.
  64. There are two categories of operations excellence: internal and external. What is the difference between the two?
    Internal excellence is how we do business in the Air Force. External excellence relates to the way we treat the world around us, like environmental issues.
  65. After a hard day‘s work you are finally released by your supervisor for the day. Upon reaching your car you realize that you forgot to pick up your cell phone from the desk in your office. When you enter your office building, you notice that a coworker is in the copy room and is placing a ream of paper in a bag to take home.Based on the concepts from the Professional Conduct chapter, the actions of your coworker are considered ….
    Taking the paper from the copy room is stealing and, therefore, unethical behavior.
  66. When you return to work the next day, you notice your supervisor going through a cabinet located in the copy room used to store paper. He notices you as you pass by and asks if you know where the extra paper he had brought over from supply was located? You remember that you saw a coworker take a ream of paper home the day before.
    You need to show courage and do what’s right (Integrity First). Remember, Integrity is the moral compass of the military professional; it’s the inner voice, the source of self-control, and the basis for the trust that’s imperative in today's military.
  67. List the ten guidelines of being a good follower.
    •  As a follower know your abilities and seek self-improvement.
    •  Being technically proficient assures we have the knowledge, skills and abilities to complete the mission.
    •  Obey orders and initiate appropriate actions in the absence of orders
    •  Develop a sense of responsibility, and take responsibility for your actions.
    •  Make sound and timely decisions and recommendations.
    •  Live and set the example for others.
    •  Be familiar with your leaders and their jobs; anticipate their requirements.
  68. List and define the followership traits known as CILI.
    •  Competence to accomplish assigned tasks is a must for a good follower.
    •  Integrity for a follower means basically the same as it does for a leader. Be honest.
    •  Loyalty supports and enhances the effectiveness of leaders through faithfulness, obedience, and respectfulness.
    •  Initiative can be described as motivation, determination, perseverance, and risk-taking.
  69. List and define each of the 6 leadership traits known as SLICED.
    •  Selflessness is sacrificing personal wants and needs for the greater cause which reflects the core value ―Service Before Self.
    • ‖ Loyalty supports and enhances the effectiveness of leaders through faithfulness, obedience and respectfulness. Integrity for a leader means basically the same as it does for a follower. Be honest.
    •  Commitment is complete devotion to duty; total dedication to the United States Air Force, the unit, and our comrades.
    •  Energy is the enthusiasm and motivation to take the initiative.
    •  Decisiveness is a willingness to make decisions, act on them, and accept responsibility for those decisions.
  70. Define leadership, followership, and unit effectiveness.
    •  Leadership is the art of influencing and directing people to accomplish the mission with the ability to inspire confidence and support from the people who are needed to achieve organizational goals by accepting authority and responsibility creating an environment where people want to do the job.
    •  Followership is the capacity to follow a leader by being competent at doing their jobs and committed to mission accomplishment.
    •  Unit Effectiveness is meetings unit goals with less cost and maximizing personnel participation.
  71. To become an effective leader, you must always keep in mind two fundamental concepts: the mission and the people.

    True or False
    a. True
  72. Describe the dynamics between leaders and followers.
    Describe the dynamics between leaders and followers.The relationship or dynamics between leaders and followers is extremely important to unit effectiveness. A positive relationship between supervisors and subordinates creates an environment of mutual respect and cooperation that allows for effective and efficient mission accomplishment. In simple terms, before you can lead you must learn to follow. When you become a leader you have an understanding of what your followers expect of you as a leader. It‘s important that you know how your followers perceive you, that way you know what‘s going right or wrong and you can make the necessary steps to improve overall effectiveness and efficiency. Your goal is to be an effective leader that brings success to your unit.
  73. List and define 3 types of personal power.
    •  Referent power is the personal charisma or likeability characteristics (trust, confidence, etc.).
    •  Expert power is his/her special knowledge or skills related to the job.
    •  Information power is his/her perceived access to important data and useful information like reenlistment information or promotion statistics.
  74. Explain the Impact on Unit effectiveness.
    Explain the Impact on Unit effectiveness. For you, as a leader, to promote unit effectiveness, you must embrace the leadership traits and influential skills that foster trust, teamwork, and constant improvement. In order to achieve mission success, effective leadership and effective followership are required. The Air Force needs followers who are actively involved. When followers actively contribute, they take personal pride in the art of followership, and they value the purpose of leader-follower dynamics. This achieves a higher level of mission accomplishment, and that‘s the type of unit effectiveness you should strive for.
  75. You told your flight two weeks in advance to have their living quarters prepared for inspection. On the day of inspection, which was scheduled to take place at 1300, you had tickets reserved for a NBA game. Your pick up time for the tickets was 1200. This conflicted with the time of the inspection. You had to determine whether to go get the tickets, or stay and walk through your flight to ensure they were ready for inspection. Your final decision was to stay and confirm that your flight was ready for inspection.Using the principles learned in this chapter and the EPME Structured Thinking Process (IDDP), identify what LEADERSHIP trait was BEST demonstrated by your actions?
    Selflessness is sacrificing personal wants and needs for a greater cause which reflects the core value “Service Before Self.” This also includes the courage to face and overcome difficulties. The selfless leader is always thinking about how to make the unit, the Air Force, and the country a better place. As a follower, you should always want a selfless leader who thinks of others before him\herself.
  76. Using the principles learned in this chapter and the EPME Structured Thinking Process (IDDP), determine which action will MOST LIKELY have a positive impact on unit effectiveness?
    In order for SSgt Johnson to promote unit effectiveness, he must embrace the leadership traits and influential skills that foster trust, teamwork, and constant improvement. To achieve mission success, effective leadership and effective followership skills are required. The Air Force needs followers who are actively involved. When followers actively contribute, they take personal pride in the art of followership, and they value the purpose of leader-follower dynamics. This achieves a higher level of mission accomplishment. On a personal note, SSgt Johnson will gain trust and willingness from his team if he exercises personal influence by relating to them and letting them know he’s been where they are.
  77. Enthusiastic and motivated to take the initiative
  78. Faithfulness to superiors, subordinates, and peers
  79. willingness to make decisions, act on them, and accept responsibility for your actions
  80. Sacrificing personal wants and needs for a greater cause
  81. A complete devotion to duty, the United States, and the Air Force
  82. Totally committed to the highest personal and professional standards
  83. What is considered drug abuse?
    Drug abuse is: using ―street‖ drugs such as the ones covered in this lesson; misuse of prescription and over-the-counter drugs; inhaling glue and aerosol products; Spice and mood-altering substances and the ingestion of hemp seed oil or products made with hemp seed oil.
  84. List some of the drugs (both legal and illegal) abused in today‘s Air Force.
    Some of the drugs abused in today‘s Air Force are: illegal use of Prescription Drugs, Marijuana, Spice, Steroids, MDMA or Ecstasy, Cocaine, Methamphetamine, and Alcohol.
  85. What types of issues could illegal drug and alcohol abuse cause?Critically
    There are a multitude of problems that can occur from illegal drug abuse. For example, Marijuana causes problems with memory, learning, perception, thinking, and problem solving. Smoking Marijuana also increases your risk for a heart attack. The use of marijuana is also linked to depression, anxiety, and personality disturbances.Synthetic Cannabinoids (Spice) cause a similar reaction in the body like natural cannabis.Anabolic steroids cause liver tumors and cancer, jaundice, fluid retention, high blood pressure, increases in LDL (bad cholesterol), and decreases in HDL (good cholesterol). Other side effects include kidney tumors, severe acne, and trembling. In addition, there are some gender-specific side effects.Ecstasy can interfere with the body‘s ability to regulate temperature and cause hyperthermia, liver, kidney, psychological effects, cardiovascular failure, and even death. Individuals experience increases in heart rate and blood pressure, muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, and chills or sweating.Cocaine causes a decreased appetite and many chronic users can become malnourished. Different means of taking cocaine can produce different adverse effects. Regularly snorting cocaine causes nosebleeds, problems with swallowing, hoarseness, and a chronically runny nose. Ingesting cocaine can cause severe bowel gangrene. People who inject cocaine often experience severe allergic reactions and are at increased risk for contracting HIV.Methamphetamine causes confusion, tremors, convulsions, anxiety, paranoia, aggressiveness, hyperthermia, convulsions, heart attack or stroke, and can result in death. The central nervous system actions that result from taking even small amounts of ―meth‖ include increased wakefulness, increased physical activity, decreased appetite, increased respiration, hyperthermia, and euphoria. Other effects include irritability and insomnia.Drinking small amounts of alcohol can impair judgment, coordination, and reaction time. Heavy drinking over time can cause certain cancers, liver cirrhosis, immune system disorders, and brain damage. Excessive drinking may lead to alcohol poisoning and even death.
  86. Why has the Air Force established a policy on substance abuse?
    Established policy provides a standard for all to adhere to, helps individuals to supervise more effectively and is a useful management tool. It is important to educate individuals that disciplinary action can be taken for violations and to deter substance abuse before it happens.
  87. Why is it important for you to know about these drugs?
    In order to lead effectively, you must stay informed and understand the challenges drugs present to individuals. Understanding how they‘re used and the impact drugs make on a squadron will increase your ability to lead effectively. Understanding drug lingo will help you recognize when people might be abusing drugs. Ignoring the problem won‘t make it go away so continue to talk to people about current trends surrounding our installation.
  88. What types of issues could illegal drug and alcohol abuse cause?
    Illegal drugs cause a decline in morale. They disrupt team work and synergy because they present discipline problems and the loss of work hours thru illness or resolution appointments. Many abusers face legal issues, administrative actions taken by their supervisors, and possible dishonorable discharge.
  89. Several times at the water fountain, you overhear one of your Airmen bragging about how much he can drink every time he goes out with friends. You have also noticed this same Airman showing up late for work. As a supervisor, you are concerned that he may have a substance abuse problem.Based on the principles learned in this lesson and using the EPME Structured Thinking Process (IDDP), predict which action will have the MOST POSITIVE outcome
    After documenting the situation, you speak with him privately and talk about the issue. You also try to find out why he’s demonstrating this inappropriate behavior. You provide feedback on his behavior and focus on the core values. After letting him know you are trying to prevent any situations from occurring that may lead to serious consequences, you get the First Sergeant involved.
  90. As a supervisor, you are concerned about an Airman that has a ―don‘t care‖ attitude. He comes in late, his clothes are dirty and disheveled, and he disrupts the work center by being confrontational with other Airmen.Based on the principles learned in this lesson and using the EPME Structured Thinking Process (IDDP), predict which course of action will result in the MOST POSITIVE outcome.
    As a supervisor, you are concerned the Airmen may have a substance abuse problem. From observing this situation, you document the inappropriate behavior and get the First Sergeant involved. The First Sergeant has the expertise to get the Airman to the appropriate referral agency.
  91. What is the focus of the Air Force policy on EOT?
    The focus of the Air Force policy on EOT is to conduct its affairs free from unlawful discrimination and sexual harassment. It provides equal opportunity & treatment for all members irrespective of their race, color, religion, or national origin, along with age and handicapping conditions in the case of civilian employees.
  92. What is the difference between EOT and EEO?
    EOT deals primarily with the equal treatment of military members, and EEO deals with civilian employment. EEO provides equal opportunity for all applicants and employees regardless of their race, color, religion, age, sex, national origin, or handicapping condition.
  93. How do the Air Force EO policies positively impact workcenter effectiveness?
    The Air Force EO policies set acceptable boundaries for operating as military professionals. It helps us focus on the job we‘re given and allows us to prevent and correct human relations issues when they arise. Fair treatment raises morale; high morale equals better productivity.
  94. What are some different ways unlawful discrimination can take place?
    Individuals acting out against another person or group of people is the explanation of personal discrimination. Organizational policies which act against an individual or group of people defines systemic discrimination.
  95. Why is personal discrimination considered unlawful?
    Personal discrimination is considered unlawful because an individual is taking action to deprive a person or group of people a right based on their color, national origin, race, religion, or sex. It can also deny an individual the opportunity to advance.
  96. What are some examples of dissident/protest activities that fall under the purview of AFI 51-903, Dissident and Protest Activities?
    Some examples of dissident/protest activities that fall under the purview of AFI 51-903, Dissident and Protest Activities, are the Ku Klux Klan, Aryan Nations/Skin Heads, Black Panthers, and other activities that include active participation in organizations that encourage supremacist causes. Another example is attending a ―No Blood for Oil‖ demonstration.
  97. How is sexual assault defined?
    Sexual assault is defined as a criminal act/punishable under the UCMJ. Offenses of a sexual nature, committed without lawful consent of the victim. This is different from sexual harassment because sexual assault is a crime.
  98. How does sexual assault impact the workcenter?
    Sexual assault creates anger within the workcenter, strained interpersonal relationships, communication problems, lower morale, and lower productivity.
  99. Why do victims of sexual assault or attempted sexual assault not seek help?
    Victims of sexual assault may not seek help for a number of reasons. They may lack knowledge of what to do, lack awareness about the resources to help, lack trust in the system, fear being blamed by their leaders, peers, and others, fear reprisal, fear sanction from perceived misconduct, fear not being believed, or be embarrassed about the situation.
  100. What is your role, as a supervisor, in managing human relations?
    Your role, as a supervisor, in managing human relations consists of Preventing, Identifying, and Correcting EO problems.
  101. What are some ways you might become aware of possible unlawful discrimination issues?
    Some ways you might become aware of potential human relations issues are through observing and/or listening to people‘s interactions, subordinate complaints, and from information received from your superiors.
  102. How could you correct negative human relations issues?
    You can correct negative human relations issues though a number of actions including getting both sides of the story and always taking some kind of action, counseling individuals‘ for unacceptable behavior, and ordering subordinates to stop any unlawful discriminatory acts. After implementing a solution, monitor the environment for compliance, document (MFR, LOC, LOR, etc.) and then report the issue if unresolved between individuals. Apply corrective actions/recommend punishment, ensure the complainant or witnesses don‘t suffer any retaliatory actions, change reporting official if necessary, rearrange shifts, remove someone from a position, and, depending on the severity of the situation, refer problems up the chain of command or to the EO office.
  103. You have just completed some maintenance reports on your equipment and decided to go to lunch. As you lock up your office, you are approached by SrA Williams who is noticeably upset and wants to talk to you about an assault that occurred the night before. You bring her into the office and inform her that you need to stop her for a moment. You explain that you are there for her and ready to listen if she needs help, but if she discloses a sexual assault to you, you will have to report the assault to law enforcement. You continue to explain to her that you don‘t want her to lose any options that may be available to her by disclosing too much information to you at this time and offer to call the Sexual Assault Response Coordinator.
    You’ve reassured SrA Williams that you are there for her and ready to help by contacting the SARC. You’ve also ensured that she still retains the option of a restricted or unrestricted report by stopping SrA Williams before allowing her to give you the details of the possible assault.
  104. The following week, after SrA Williams makes an unrestricted report on the sexual assault, you overhear A1C Rogers state to Amn Gurganus that the reason SrA Williams was probably assaulted was due to the tight clothing she wears during off-duty hours. You decide to counsel A1C Rogers, and inform him that he needs to keep his own moral or personal biases in check. You also inform him that comments related to the victim‘s style of dress, drinking activities, or personal choices are irrelevant and may severely impair the healing process.
    You are correct in counseling A1C Rogers. By counseling him, you are demonstrating to the workcenter that this type of behavior is unacceptable and that they should keep their personal biases in check. It’s very important to SrA Williams’ healing process to have the support of her leaders and peers following an assault. By counseling A1C Rogers for his comments, you are demonstrating that you are supportive and do not condone improper behavior on or off duty.
  105. Name two differences between a professional relationship and an unprofessional relationship.
    Professional Relationships help contribute to the effectiveness of the Air Force. They help you build professional relationships to enhance morale, discipline, and operational effectiveness, preserve respect for authority, and accomplish the mission.Unprofessional Relationships detract from the authority of superiors or result in, or reasonably create the appearance of, favoritism, misuse of office or position, or the abandonment of organizational goals for personal interests.
  106. Define fraternization
    Fraternization is a personal relationship between an officer and enlisted member that violates the customary bounds of acceptable behavior in the Air Force and prejudices good order and discipline, discredits the armed services, or operates to the personal disgrace or dishonor of the officer involved.
  107. Name at least 3 individual responsibilities involved in maintaining a personal relationship.
    You should always ―walk the talk‖ and be aware of how circumstances can change relationships. Always be aware how perceptions impact work performance. As both a supervisor and leader, you should adopt the Air Force policy as your own personal guide and talk about it in the workplace. Have workcenter get-togethers to talk about it and build proper relationships. If you feel someone is initiating an unprofessional and inappropriate relationship with you, then confront them and remind them of their responsibility to keep the relationship strictly professional. As stated before, avoid situations that are unprofessional and if matters persist, report it to the chain of command.