A&P Ch6

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Cascio
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134869
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A&P Ch6
Updated:
2012-02-13 00:51:25
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AAOS Paramedic
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Vital Vocabulary Cards for Jones and Barlett AAOS Paramedic: Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
    The disease process that occurs following infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  2. Adrenaline
    A naturally occurring hormone that also may be given as a cardiac drug and had alpha and beta effects. Also called epinephrine
  3. Anaphylaxis
    A servere reaction to an antigen that occurs after sensitization from a prior exposure to the same antigen
  4. Antibody-mediated (humoral) immunity
    One of two types of specific immunity that exist in the body, it is primarily mediated by B cells; also called humoral immunity
  5. Antigen
    A substance foriegn to the body
  6. Axilary nodes
    A large collection of lymph nodes located in the axilla (armpit)
  7. Basophil
    A white blood cell that may play a role following infection of various areas in the body
  8. CD4 antigen
    A protein found on the surface of T helper cells that is adversely affected by exposure to HIV
  9. Cell-mediated immunity
    One of two types of specific immunity that exist in the body, it is primarily mediated by T cells
  10. Cervical nodes
    A large collection of lymoh nodes located in the neck
  11. Chemotaxis
    The process of the migration of leukocytes in the blood toward areas of bacterial invasion, foreign body, or infection
  12. Diffuse Lymphatic tissue
    Tissue with no clear boundary that blends with surrounding tissues and contains lymphocytes and other cells
  13. E coli
    Escherichia coli, a normal flora or bacteria found in the gastrointestinal tract that aids in digestion and absorbtion of food, as well as metabolization of waste products
  14. Eosinophil
    A leukocyte that may play a role following infection in various areas in the body
  15. Erythroblastosis fetalis
    A condition that is potentially fatal to a fetus that occurs during late pregancy or delivery when an an Rh negative mother is exposed to a small amount of Rh positive fetal blood. Antibodies to Rh antigens may be produced by the mother and enter the fetal circulation and destroy the fetus' red blood cells
  16. Hapten
    A small molcule that will not evoke a specific immune response unless it is combined with other serum proteins, in which case, a severe reaction may occur
  17. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    A virus that adversely affects a protienon T helper cells, the CD4 antigen, causing it to appear as an antigen to healthy cells, resulting in destruction of T helper cells and the inability to fight infections and certain types of tumors
  18. Immune system
    The body ststem that is responsible for providing immunity
  19. Immunity
    The body's ability to resist damage from foreign substances, microscopic organisms, or harmful chemicals
  20. Infectious disease
    A disease that may be transmitted from one person to another via some type of specific microscopic organism, such as a bacterium or a virus
  21. Inflammatory response
    A response of the immune system that results inthe influx of cells and other chemicals to fight a foreign challange
  22. Inguinal nodes
    A large collection of lymph nodes located in the groin
  23. Lingual tonsils
    One of three sets of lymphatic organs that comprise the tonsils, they are located on the posterior margin of the tongue and help protect the body from bacteria introduced into the mouth and nose
  24. Lymph
    A thin plasma-like liquid formed from interstitial or extracellular fluid that bathes the tissues of the body
  25. Lymph nodes
    Rounf or bean-shaped structures interspersed along the course of the lymph vessels, which filter the lymph and serveas a source of lymphocytes
  26. Lymph nodules
    Tiisue that is denser than diffuse lymphatic tissue, found in the loose connective tissue of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary systems
  27. Lymph vessels
    Thin-walled vessels through which lyph circulates through the body, they travel close to the major arteries and veins
  28. Lymphadenitis
    Inflammation of a lymph node caused by infection
  29. Lymphadenopathy
    Any swelling of the lymph nodes, with or without pain
  30. Lymphangitis
    An infection that spreads beyond the local area into a lymphatic vessel causing red streaks to run from the infected area proximally
  31. Lymphatic capillaries
    Vessels of the lyphatic system that carry fluid away from the tissues
  32. Lymphatic duct
    One of two great lymph vessels, it empties into the subclavian vein
  33. Lymphatic system
    A passive circulatory system that transports a plasma-like lquid called lymph, a thin fluid that bathes the tissues of the body
  34. Lymphocytes
    A type of white blood cell that helps fight infection and provide immunity
  35. Lymphokines
    Complex proteins produced by T effector cells that recruit mast cells and other non specific inflammatory mediators to aid in destruction of antigens
  36. Lysis
    The breakdown of a foreign cell caused, in some cases, when T effector cells bind to the foreign cell
  37. Macrophanges
    Cells that leace the bloodstream and enter diseased tissues after the neutrophils and are responsible for the later stages of fighting infection, including the disposal of dead bacteria
  38. Mast cell
    A large white blood cell that mediates allergic reactions and may play a rolefollowing infection of various areas in the body
  39. Metastasize
    The speading of a disease from one part of the body to another, especially with many forms of cancer
  40. Microorganism
    An organism of microscopic size
  41. Neutrophils
    Usually the first cells to enter infected tissues, they ingest bacteria through phagocytosis
  42. Nonspecific immunity
    An immune response that is predictable each time the body is exposed to a particular challenge
  43. Normal flora
    Bacteria frounf in certain sitesin the body, such as the gastrointestinal tract and oral and nasal cavities, that help maintain homeostasis
  44. Palatine tonsils
    One of three sers of lymphatic organs that comprise the tonsils. They are located in the back of the throat, on each side of the posterior opening of the oral cavity, and help protect the body from bacteria introduced into the mouth and nose
  45. Phahocytosis
    The process of ingesting and destorying foreign matter by certain types of leukocytes
  46. Pharyngeal tonsils
    One of three sets of lymphatic organs that comprise the tonsils, they are located near the internal opening of the nasal cavity and help protect the body from bacteria introduced into the mouth and nose. Also called adenoids
  47. Specific immunity
    The immune response to a given substance that is faster and stronger after each subsequent exposure
  48. Spleen
    An organ of the lymphatic system that is located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen and consists of two types of lymph tissue that are associated with drainage of the spleen
  49. Spenectomy
    Surgical removal of the spleen
  50. T effector cells
    The cells that carry out most of the cell-mediated immune functions by seeking and destroying foreign materials, such as viruses, fungi, bacterua, and particals
  51. T helper cells
    Cells that aid the T effector cells in carrying out cell-mediated immune functions
  52. T memory cells
    The form into which T cells differentiante when activated by an antigen. The T memory cells remain within the body, ready to respond to a second challenge
  53. T suppressor cells
    Cells that suppress the actions of the T effector cells by limiting the specific immune response
  54. Thoracic duct
    One of two great lymph vessels, it empties into the superior vena cava
  55. Thymus
    A triangular-shaped gland located below the sternum in the superior mediastinum that produces lymohocytes
  56. Tonsils
    Three sets of lymphatic organs-the palatine tonsals, pharyngeal tonsils, and lingual tonsils-that are located in the back of the throat and nasopharynx and protect the body from bacteria introduced into the mouth and nose

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