Card Set Information
Vital Vocabulary Cards for Jones and Barlett AAOS Paramedic: Anatomy and Physiology
ducts formed from division of the respiratory bronchioles in the lower airway; each duct ends in clusters known as alveoli.
tiny sacs of lung tissue in which gas exchange takes place.
the very thin membrane, consisting of only one cell layer, that lies between the alveolus and capillary, through which respiratory exchange between the alveolus and the blood vessels occurs.
a disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of asbestos particles.
a reversible restrictive lower airway disease.
black lung disease
a disease of the lung caused by consistent inhalation of coal dust.
arteries that branch off of the thoracic aorta and supply the lung tissues with blood.
veins that return deoxygenated blood to the heart from the lungs.
fine subdivisions of the bronchi that give rise to the alveolar ducts.
medication that is designed to improve lung function.
constriction of the airway passages of the lungs that accompanies muscle spasms.
the projection of the lowest portion of tracheal cartilage, at the level of the fifth thoracic vertebra.
chronic inflammatory condition affecting the bronchi that is associated with excess mucus production that results from overgrowth of the mucous glands in the airways.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
a progressive and irreversible disease of the airway marked by decreased inspiratory and expiratory capacity of the lungs.
three bony ridges contained within the lateral walls of the nasopharynx.
the process by which a gas dissolves in a liquid.
destruction of the walls of the alveoli, which creates resistance to expiratory airflow.
a thin plate of cartilage that closes over the glottic opening during swallowing.
the tubular organ posterior to the trachea, connecting the pharynx to the stomach.
the external openings to the nasal cavity; also called the nostrils.
forced expiratory vital capacity (FEVI)
the volume of air exhaled from the lung following a forceful exhalation.
the opening into the lower airway made up of the true vocal cords and the opening between them
the floor of the nasal cavity.
the point of entry for the bronchi, vessels, and nerves into each lung.
the posterior opening from the nasopharynx into the pharynx.
the opening of the lower airway, which consists of several cartilaginous structures held together by ligaments.
a small portion of the left lung that is the equivalent of the middle lobe in the right lung.
the two primary organs of breathing.
the part of the lower airway below the larynx through which air enters the lungs.
a passage located below each turbinate.
the separation between the right and left nostrils.
nasolacrimal ducts the ducts that drain tears from the
the ducts that drain tears from the lacrimal sacs to the meatus
the nasal cavity, which extends from the internal nares to the uvula.
the oral cavity, which extends from the uvula to the epiglottis.
the pleural membrane that lines the pleural cavity.
**pleura that lines the inner chest wall and covers the diaphragm
partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2)
a measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood.
partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2)
a measurement of the amount of oxygen in the blood.
the measure of acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
the cavity formed by the posterior connection of the oropharynx and nasopharynx.
serous membranes surrounding the lungs.
the cavity formed by the inner borders of the rib cage.
**potential space between the visceral and parietal pleura
pleural space -- a potential space between the visceral and
a potential space between the visceral and parietal pleura
primary respiratory acidosis
decrease in the blood pH secondary to insufficient exhalation of CO2.
primary respiratory alkalosis
increase in the blood pH secondary to excessive exhalation of CO2.
pulmonary function tests
tests that assess volumes of air that move into and out of the lungs.
the volume of air remaining in the respiratory passages and lungs after a forceful expiration
structures formed by the final branching of the bronchioles.
the part of the brain located in the medulla oblongata that controls the respiratory stimulus.
the organs and structures associated with breathing, gas exchange, and the entrance of air into the body.
restrictive lung disease
diseases such as black lung disease and asbestosis that result in stiffening of the lungs and significantly decreased vital capacity.
airway passages in the lungs that are formed from the division of the right and left mainstem bronchi.
a device used in pulmonary function testing that measures air entering and leaving the lungs over a specific period of time.
airway passages in the lungs that are formed from branching of the secondary bronchi.
the volume of air inspired during normal inspiration.
the structure made up of cartilage and other connective tissue that lies immediately inferior to the larynx and conveys air to the mainstem bronchi.
true vocal cords
the inferior portion of the vocal cords that vibrate to produce sound.
a set of bony convolutions formed by the conchae in the nasopharynx that help to maintain smooth airflow.
a small fleshy mass that hangs from the soft palate.
the process of moving air into and out of the lungs.
the superior portion of the vocal cords; also called the false vocal cords.
the pleural membrane that covers the lungs.
the amount of air moved in and out of the lungs with maximum inspiration and exhalation.