chapter 3

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Author:
jskunz
ID:
134879
Filename:
chapter 3
Updated:
2012-02-13 01:30:24
Tags:
prefixes
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Description:
med terminology
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  1. a-
    • without
    • --prefix indicating disease or abnormal condition
    • Ex: aphasia (without speech)
  2. an-
    • without
    • --prefix indicating disease or abnormal condition
    • Ex: anoxia (without oxygen)
  3. anti-
    • against
    • --prefix indicating disease or abnormal condition
    • Ex: antibiotic (against life)
  4. brady-
    • slow
    • --prefix indicating disease or abnormal condition
    • Ex: bradycardia (slow heart beat)
  5. de-
    • without
    • --prefix indicating disease or abnormal condition
    • dehydration (without water)
  6. dys-
    • painful, difficult
    • --prefix indicating disease or abnormal condition
    • Ex: dyspnea (painful breathing)
  7. pachy-
    • thick
    • --prefix indicating disease or abnormal condition
    • Ex: pachyderma (thick skin)
  8. tachy-
    • fast
    • --prefix indicating disease or abnormal condition
    • tachycardia (fast heart beat)
  9. ante-
    • in front of
    • --prefix indicating directions or body positions
    • Ex: anteorbital (in front of eye socket)
  10. endo-
    • within, inner
    • --prefix indicating directions or body position
    • Ex: endoscope (instrument for viewing within)
  11. epi-
    • above, upon
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: epigastric (above stomach)
  12. ex-
    • outward
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: exophthalmos (eye bulging outward)
  13. extra-
    • outside of
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: extraocular (outside of eye)
  14. hypo-
    • below
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: hypogastric (below stomach)
  15. infra-
    • below, under
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: infraorbital (below eye socket)
  16. inter-
    • between
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: intervertebral (between vertebrae)
  17. intra-
    • inside, within
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • intravenous (inside vein)
  18. para-
    • alongside, near
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: paranasal (alongside nose)
  19. peri-
    • around, near
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: periodontal (around tooth)
  20. retro-
    • backward, behind
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: retroperitoneal (behind the peritoneum)
  21. sub-
    • beneath, under
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: subcutaneous (under skin)
  22. supra-
    • above
    • --prefix indicating direction or body position
    • Ex: suprabubic (above pubic bone)
  23. trans-
    • across, through
    • --prefix indicating directions or body position
    • Ex: transurethral (across urethra)
  24. bi-
    • two
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: bilateral (two sides)
  25. di-
    • two
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • diplegic (paralysis of two extremities)
  26. hemi-
    • half
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: hemiplegia (paralysis of one side [half] of body)
  27. hyper-
    • excessive, more than normal
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: hyperemesis (excessive vomiting)
  28. hypo-
    • insufficient, less than normal
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: hypocalcemia (insufficient calcium in blood)
  29. micro-
    • small
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: microscope (instrument for viewing small things)
  30. mono-
    • one
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: monoplegia (paralysis of one extremity)
  31. multi-
    • many
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: multigravida (more than one pregnancy)
  32. nulli-
    • none
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: nulligravida (no pregnancies)
  33. pan-
    • all
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: pansinusitis (inflammation of all sinuses)
  34. poly-
    • many, much
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: polyarteritis (many inflamed arteries)
  35. primi-
    • first
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: primigravida (first pregnancy)
  36. quadri-
    • four
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: quadriplegia (paralysis of all four extremities)
  37. tri-
    • three
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: triplegia (paralysis of three extremities)
  38. ultra-
    • excess
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: ultrasound (excess [high] sound wave frequency)
  39. uni-
    • one
    • --prefix indicating numbers or quantity measurements
    • Ex: unilateral (one side)
  40. ante-
    • before
    • --prefix indicating time
    • Ex: antepartum (before birth)
  41. neo-
    • new
    • --prefix indicating time
    • Ex: neonate (newborn)
  42. post-
    • after
    • --prefix indicating time
    • Ex: postpartum (after birth)
  43. pre-
    • before
    • --prefix indicating time
    • Ex: premenstral (before menstruation)
  44. auto-
    • self
    • general prefix
    • Ex: autograft (graft from one's own body)
  45. eu-
    • normal, good
    • --general prefix
    • Ex: eupnea (normal breathing)
  46. hetero-
    • different
    • --general prefix
    • Ex: heterograft (graft from a different species)
  47. homo-
    • same
    • --general prefix
    • Ex: homograft (graft from same species)
  48. per-
    • through
    • --general prefix
    • Ex: percutaneous (through skin)

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