CGS2821.txt

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CGS2821.txt
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2012-02-22 02:07:24
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Web Design Midterm
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Web Design Midterm
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  1. What is the first step in designing any website?

    A. Define your goals
    B. Consider feasibility
    C. Consider visual design
    D. Assemble a development team
    • A. Define your goals

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.1, Second paragraph on the page
  2. Which of the following is not one of the six core skill sets needed in a website development team.

    A. Graphic design for the web
    B. Information architecture
    C. Web technology
    D. Sales and Marketing
    D. Sales and Marketing

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.2, First paragraph on the page
  3. Late delivery of web site content from the project sponsor is the most common cause of blown schedules in web development projects.

    True or False
    • True

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.2, Second paragraph under the heading Project Stakeholder or Sponser
  4. Which of the following project management tools is used to keep track of project phases and team responsibilities?

    A. Strategy documents
    B. Spreadsheets
    C. Gantt charts
    D. Project schedules
    C. Gantt Charts

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.2, first paragraph and chart under the heading Web Project Manager
  5. What Web development team member acts as the user’s advocate and is responsible for evaluating the success of the project?

    A. Web technology lead
    B. Usability Lead
    C. Web project manager
    D. Information architect
    B. Usability Lead

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.2, first paragraph under the heading Usability Lead
  6. The __________ is most active early in the design and planning phases of the project, developing content categorization schemes, consistent site terminology, content structure across the site, and site architecture diagrams that explain the overall site planning to both the sponsor and the web team members.

    A. Art director
    B. Web project manager
    C. Stakeholder
    D. Information architect
    D. Information Architect

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.2, first paragraph under the heading Information Architect
  7. Which Web development team member continues working on the site after it has been launched?

    A. Web technology lead
    B. Web project manager
    C. Site production lead
    D. Site editor
    • D. Site Editor

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.2, first paragraph under the heading Site Editor
  8. What is the first step in Garrett's "Nine Pillars of Successful Web Teams?"

    A. Site strategy
    B. Technology implementation
    C. User research
    D. Content design
    C. User research

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.3
  9. The development team should solicit increasing amounts of user input as the project progresses.

    True or False
    • False

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.3, Second paragraph on the page
  10. Getting input from a wide variety of users during and after the initial planning stage is essential to the success of a Web development project.

    True or False
    • True

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.4
  11. How many goals are ideal for a Web development project?

    A. 6 or more
    B. 1
    C. 4-5
    D. 2-3
    • D. 2-3

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.4, First paragraph under the heading Thoroughly Understand and Communicate your top three goals
  12. What information can Web analytics provide?

    A. where your current users come from
    B. what sites they visited before coming to yours
    C. what search terms brought them to your web site
    D. all of the above
    D. All of the above

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.4, First paragraph under the heading Web Analytics as a planning tool
  13. Content development is the hardest, most time-consuming, and most consistently underestimated part of any web site development

    True or False
    • True

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.4, First paragraph under the heading Content Inventory.
  14. _____________ web pages can adapt their content or appearance depending on the user’s interactions, changes in data supplied by an application, or as an evolution over time, as on a news web site.

    A. Flash-based
    B. Wiki
    C. Static
    D. Dynamic
    • D. Dynamic

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.6, First paragraph under the heading Dynamic Web Pages
  15. Most Web content management products use a database to store web content.

    True or False
    • True

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.6, Fourth paragraph under the heading Enterprise Web Content Managment Systems
  16. According to our textbook, many universities have adopted _________ as a simple content management system that allows nontechnical faculty and administrators to quickly post notices, emergency announcements, and other timely material.

    A. Microsoft Sharepoint
    B. Wikis
    C. Blogs
    D. Google Docs
    C. Blogs

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.6, Third paragraph under the heading Blogs
  17. What is the purpose of Really Simple Syndication (RSS)?

    A. To generate a set of “headlines” and web links that can appear many places at once on the Internet
    B. To apply a visual style universally across pages in a Web site
    C. To organize Web content in a database
    D. To assist bloggers in organizing their posts
    A. To generate a set of “headlines” and web links that can appear many places at once on the Internet

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.6, First paragraph under the haeding RSS
  18. What are the steps of the Site Development Process?

    A. 1. Definition/planning, 2. design, 3. construction, 4. marketing, 5. tracking/evaluation/maintenance
    B. 1. Definition/planning, 2. information architecture, 3. design, 4. construction, 5. tracking/evaluation/maintenance
    C. 1. User interviews, 2. Definition/planning, 3. design, 4. construction, 5. marketing, 6. tracking/evaluation/maintenance
    D. 1. Definition/planning, 2. information architecture, 3. design, 4. construction, 5. marketing, 6. tracking/evaluation/maintenance
    • D. 1. Definition/planning, 2. information architecture, 3. design, 4. construction, 5. marketing, 6. tracking/evaluation/maintenance

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.7, First paragraph on the page
  19. A well-written project charter is really only useful for very large enterprise-scale Web site development projects.

    True or False
    False

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.8, First paragraph on the page
  20. Valuable advice when it comes to managing Web projects include:

    A. Avoid "Ready Fire Aim
    B. "Leave visual design until everything else is planned
    C. Small is good
    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above

    Explanation: Chp.1 pg.9
  21. Usability describes how effective tools and information sources are in helping us accomplish tasks.

    True or False
    True

    Explanation: Chp.2 pg.1, First paragraph on the page
  22. A quantitative measure of usability might...

    A. Analyze the amount of frustration a user experiences on a Web site.
    B. Time a user to see how long it takes to find what he or she is looking for on a Web site.
    C. Determine how frequently a user returns to a Web site.
    D. Survey users to see how satisfied they are with their experience on a Web site.
    B. Time a user to see how long it takes to find what he or she is looking for on a Web site.

    Explanation: Chp.2 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading Usability and User-centered Design

  23. When it comes to Web site design, usability is second only to accuracy.

    True or False
    False

    Explanation: Chp.2 pg.1
  24. _________________ is concerned with the ability of users with disabilities to access Web content.

    A. Universal Design
    B. Universal Usability
    C. Accessibility
    D. Usability
    • C. Accessibility

    Explanation: Chp.2 pg.2, Second paragraph under the heading Accessibility
  25. _________________ is concerned with incorporating universal usability into the Web site design so that one design meets the needs of all users.

    A. Universal Usability
    B. Universal Design
    C. Accessible Design
    D. Universal Accessibilty
    B. Universal Design

    Explanation: Chp.2 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading Univeral Design
  26. Which of the following is NOT a universal design principle:

    A. Flexibility in Use
    B. Simple and Intuitive Use
    C. Imperceptible Information
    D. Equitable Use
    C. Imperceptible Information

    Explanation: Chp. 2 pg.3
  27. A wise developer identifies typical users of a Web site, and gears the design to meet those users needs.

    True or False
    False

    Explanation: Chp.2 pg.4, First paragraph under the heading Moving Beyond the "Typical" User
  28. Which of the following is an example of a Web site design that "supports adaptation" (check all that apply)

    __ A user can use voice commands to move forward and backward through the browser history.
    __ A user can adjust browser setting to change text size.
    __ A user can use keyboard commands to navigate around Web form elements.
    __ A blind user can use a "screen reader" to hear the page content read aloud.
    • __ A user can use voice commands to move forward and backward through the browser history.
    • X A user can adjust browser setting to change text size.
    • X A user can use keyboard commands to navigate around Web form elements.
    • X A blind user can use a "screen reader" to hear the page content read aloud.

    Explanation: Chp.2 pg.4, All paragraphs under the heading Supporting Adaptation.
  29. __________________ can provide metrics about Web site usage patterns that can guide the redesign of a Web site.

    A. A user interview
    B. Web analytics
    C. Browser history
    D. Personas
    B. Web analytics

    • Explanation: Chp.2 pg.5, first paragraph under the heading Web Analytics.
  30. Developers should collect increasing amounts of user feedback as the development process enters its final stages.

    True or False
    False

    Explanation: Chp.2 pg.5 Last paragraph on the page
  31. Information architecture describes the overall conceptual models and general designs used to plan, structure, and assemble a Web site.

    True or False
    True

    • Explanation: Chp. 3 pg.1, FIrst paragraph on the page
  32. A _______________ organizes website content from most general to the most specific, and illustrates the relationships between the content.

    A. hierarchy
    B. taxonomy
    C. content inventory
    D. chunk
    A. hierarchy

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading Hierarchies and Taxonomies

  33. A Web site _______________ is the science and practice of classifying Web content through a controlled vocabulary.

    A. chunking
    B. taxonomy
    C. whiteboard session
    D. hierachy
    B. taxonomy

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.2, First paragraph under the haeding Taxonomies and Controlled Vocabularies
  34. Which of the following is NOT a useful technique for teams that wish to organizing Web site content?

    A. random selection
    B. brainstorming
    C. card sorting
    D. whiteboard sessions
    A. random selection

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.2
  35. ____________________ information refers to breaking it into logical reference documents intended to be read non-sequentially.

    A. Chunking
    B. Brainstorming
    C. Inventorying
    D. Card sorting
    A. Chunking

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.2, First paragrph under the heading Chunking Information
  36. Most users prefer to read long passages of text on one Web page, rather than chunks of data on multiple pages.

    True or False
    False

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading Chunking Information
  37. A site structure should match user expectation, be logical and predictable, and utilize consistent methods and terminology.

    True or False
    True

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.3, First paragraph on the page
  38. A ________________ is the most efficient tool for finding information on very large Web sites.

    A. detailed navigation menu
    B. linked structure
    C. tabbed navigation
    D. site search engine
    D. site search engine

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.3, First paragraph under the heading Site Search as Navigation
  39. Check all of the essential structures that our online textbook says can be used to create a Web site:

    __ sequences
    __ wikis
    __ hierarchies
    __ webs
    • X sequences
    • __ wikis
    • X hierarchies
    • X webs

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.3, All paragraphs under the heading Site Structural Themes
  40. ___________________ are tools that help teams to stay focused on information architecture and structural design without getting sidetracked by the distraction of the visual layer.

    A. Wireframes
    B. Structural themes
    C. Canonical forms
    D. Site diagrams
    A. Wireframes

    Explanation: Chp.3 pg.4, First paragraph under the heading Wireframes.
  41. Many of the methods of interacting with information in a book are the same as the methods used when interacting with information on a Web site.

    True or False
    False

    Explanation: Chp.4 pg.1, First paragraph on the page
  42. _______________ refers to issues of orientation, route decisions, mental mapping, and closure.

    A. Information architecture
    B. Wayfinding
    C. Navigation
    D. Pathfinding
    B. Wayfinding

    Explanation: Chp.4 pg.2, Second paragraph on the page.
  43. At the top of one FSU webpage exists this line of text::
    Florida State / The Graduate School / Academics & Research / Degree Programs / Master's Degree Programs
    What is this called?

    A. breadcrumbs
    B. site map
    C. navigation map
    D. meaningless gibberish
    A. Breadcrumbs

    Explanation: Chp. 4 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading Paths: Leading the Way
  44. It is useful for large Web sites to include _____________ to assist in navigation.

    A. very large and in-your-face navigation tools
    B. a search utility
    C. many, many options for navigation
    D. consistant identical styles on all pages
    B. a search utility

    Explanation: Chp. 4 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading Supporting Web Search Users
  45. Out textbook uses "Times Square" as a metaphor for the ideal interface design.

    True or False
    False

    Explanation: Chp.4 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading Nodes: the local coffee shop or times square?
  46. A study cited in our textbook found that an equal number of users prefer to navigate Web sites using menu lists as those that prefer to use a keyword search.

    True or False
    True

    Explanation: Chp. 4 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading Browse versus Search
  47. Providing "you are here" markers on every page is especially useful for ____________.

    A. educational Web sites.
    B. users who find a page in your sight using a search engine like Google.
    C. users who navigate to content from your home page.
    D. small Web sites.
    B. users who find a page in your sight using a search engine like Google.

    Explanation: Chp.4 pg.3, All paragraphs and chart under the heading No Dead-end Pages
  48. ______________ are essential for both site identity and consistent navigation.

    A. Tabs
    B. Footers
    C. Site search boxes
    D. Headers
    D. Headers

    Explanation: Chp.4 pg. 3, All paragraphs under the heading What goes in the Header Area?
  49. Which of the following is NOT an example of good interface design.

    A. maximize navigation components
    B. provide a strong site identity
    C. avoid dead end pages
    D. minimize the amount of clicks to site destinations
    A. maximize navigation components

    Explanation: Chp.4 pg.3
  50. Web designers should build pages that load in under 10 seconds to avoid user impatience.

    True or False
    True

    • Explanation: Chp.4 pg.3, First paragraph under the heading Bandwidth and Interaction.
  51. Which of the following is the correct sequence of tags in a typical Web page?

    A. <html><title></title><body><head></head></body></html>
    B. <html><head><title></title></head><body></body></html>
    C. <html><head><title><body></html></head></title></body>
    D. <html><title></title><head></head><body></body></html>
    B. <html><head><title></title></head><body></body></html>

    Explanation: Chp.5 pg.2, First paragraph under the heading HTML document structure
  52. Check each of the benefits provided by Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).

    __ allows multiple html pages to share the same visual appearance
    __ allows designers to customize html tags to have a specific appearance
    __ providers for easier maintenance of the visual design of pages in a site
    __ helps make Web page content more accessible to users with disabilities
    • X allows multiple html pages to share the same visual appearance
    • X allows designers to customize html tags to have a specific appearance
    • X providers for easier maintenance of the visual design of pages in a site
    • X helps make Web page content more accessible to users with disabilities

    Explanation: Chp.5 pg.2, All paragraphs after the heading Cascading Style Sheets
  53. According to the author, which of the following uses the most desirable naming conventions?

    A. http://www.flhsmv.gov/ddl/cdl.html
    B. https://portal.omni.fsu.edu/psp/sprdep/EMPLOYEE/PSFT_HR/c/W3EB_MENU
    C. http://www.sears.com/shc/s/v_10153_12605_For+the+Home?storeId=10153
    D. http://gradschool.fsu.edu/Academics-Research/Degree-Programs/Master-s-Degree-Programs
    D. http://gradschool.fsu.edu/Academics-Research/Degree-Programs/Master-s-Degree-Programs

    Explanation: Chp.5 pg.3, All paragraphs under the heading Naming Conventions
  54. The "long tail" refers to

    A. The far-reaching impact of search engine optimization.
    B. Pages beyond the secondary level of a Web site that are rarely ever visited.
    C. Web pages that are very long and require a lot of vertical scrolling.
    D. Web sites that include a footer section on each page.
    B. Pages beyond the secondary level of a Web site that are rarely ever visited.

    Explanation: Chp.5 pg.4, First paragraph under the heading The Long Tail of a Web Search
  55. Which of the following is not considered an internal factor of search engine optimization?

    A. Page title, content headings, and body text
    B. Copyright date
    C. Meta information
    D. Alt attributes of images
    B. Copyright date

    Explanation: Chp.5 pg.4, First paragraph under the heading Internal versus External Search Factors
  56. The quantity and quality of other pages that link to your page is an important consideration in search engine optimization.

    True or False
    True

    Explanation: Chp.5 pg. 4, Third paragraph on the page.
  57. The content of a typical Web page is stored in a single html file.

    True or False
    False

    Explanation: Chp.5
  58. Which of the following is considered a "relative" file reference

    A. <img src="../images/logo.gif">
    B. <img src="http://www.images.com/logo.gif">
    C. <a href="http://www.fsu.edu">
    D. <a href="http://www.facebook.com/kbaldauf.html">
    A. <img src="../images/logo.gif">

    Explanation: Chp.5
  59. Web server software, along with the Domain Name System (DNS) are used to translate a URL to a physical location address on the server.

    True or False
    True

    Explanation: Chp.5
  60. http://ispace.ci.fsu.edu/~kbaldauf/images/portrait.jpg
    Where on iSpace would this file be located?

    A. /home/kbaldauf/images/portrait.jpg
    B. /home/kbaldauf/html/images/portrait.jpg
    C. /home/~kbaldauf/images/portrait.jpg
    D. /home/kbaldauf/personal/images/portrait.jpg
    B. /home/kbaldauf/html/images/portrait.jpg

    Explanation: Chp.5

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