Anatomy

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Author:
QueenKeyerra
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134974
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Anatomy
Updated:
2012-02-13 14:33:25
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Ogeechee Tech Anatomy Chapter
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Mrs.Riley
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  1. _____ occurs when muscles do not recieve nerve impulses and are unable to contract, causing atrophy.
    Paralysis
  2. A _____ is the space between the neuron and the muscle fiber in the neuromusclar junction.
    Synapse
  3. when the biceps is contracted to flex the arm, triceps is ______.
    Relaxed
  4. The Gluteus Medius muscle in the _____ is the common site for intramuscular injections.
    Buttocks
  5. One purpose of increased _____ is to get rid of carbon dioxide more rapidly during exercise.
    Respiration
  6. Muscles _____ when they are flexed and shortened.
    Pull
  7. Calcium ions are stored in the _____ in a muscle fiber.
    Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
  8. The deltoid muscle is the site for intramuscular injections in the _____.
    Arm
  9. When muscle relax, they _____ and cannot push.
    Exert No Force
  10. The nervous system transmits impulses to muscles to cause a _____.
    Contraction
  11. _____ are muscles with opposite functions.
    Antagonists
  12. The function of the _____ muscle is to abduct the arm.
    Deltoid
  13. Good muscle tone assists coordination and _____.
    Good Posture
  14. The _____ are the end lines of a sarcomere in a muscle fiber.
    Z Lines
  15. The circulatory system transports ______ to the muscles.
    Oxygen
  16. _____ is the state of slight contraction present in muscles.
    Muscle Tone
  17. In muscle contraction, creatine phosphate produces the waste product _____.
    Creatinine
  18. The ______ muscle around the eye is what closes the eye.
    Orbicularis Oculi
  19. During _____ , the sarcolemma has a positive charge outside and a negative charge inside.
    Polarization
  20. The ______ forms a framework that is moved by muscles.
    Skeletal System
  21. Muscle sense is important for ______.
    Coordination
  22. _____ is a waste product of cell respiration.
    Carbon Dioxide
  23. The _____ muscle around the mouth puckers the lips.
    Orbicularis Oris
  24. During _____, the sarcolemma has a negative charge outside and a positive charge inside.
    Depolarization
  25. The _____ exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air and blood.
    Respiratory System
  26. ______ is knowing where our muscles are without looking at them.
    Muscle Sense
  27. _____ in RBCs bring oxygen to muscles during contractions.
    Hemoglobin
  28. The ______ muscles of the pelvic floor supports the pelvic organs.
    Levator Ani
  29. After polarization and depolarization, _____ takes place where the sarcolemma has a positive charge outside and a negative charge inside.
    Repolarization
  30. The _____ is not directly necessary for the functioning of the muscular system.
    Digestive System
  31. In skeletal muscle, _____ are important for muscle sense.
    Propioceptors
  32. _____ is used to store oxygen in muscles during contractions.
    Myoglobin
  33. The _____ muscle functions to extend the thigh.
    Gluteus Maximum
  34. A single muscle fiber contraction is called a _____.
    Twitch
  35. Tendons are made of _____ tissue.
    Fibrous Connective
  36. The ______ is the part of the brain that initiates muscle contraction.
    Cerebrum: frontal lobes
  37. Hemoglobin and Myoglobin are able to bond to oxygen because they contain _____.
    Iron
  38. _____ are sent to the brain by stretch receptors in muscles.
    Mental Pictures
  39. A substained contraction called tetanus occurs when _____ arrive so rapidly that a muscle fiber has no chance to relax.
    Nerve Impulses
  40. The origin of a muscle is it more _____ attachment.
    Stationary
  41. _____ is the direct energy source for muscle contractions.
    APT
  42. Muscle fatigue is caused by production of _____ when there is no _____ present in the muscle during strenuous exercise.
    Lactic Acid; Oxygen
  43. _____ exercise is also called aerobic exercise.
    Isotonic
  44. The purpose of increased sweating during exercise is to remove excess _____.
    Body Heat
  45. The insertion of a muscle is its more _____ attachment.
    Moveable
  46. Glycogen is the most _____ energy source for muscles.
    Abundant
  47. ______ means that muscles lack oxygen needed to complete cell respiration.
    Oxygen Debt
  48. _____ exercise involves contraction without movement.
    Isometric
  49. During exercise, one purpose of increased _____ is to cirulate more blood to muscles.
    Heart Rate
  50. ______ are muscles with the same function.
    Synergist
  51. Muscle sense involves stretch receptors in _____.
    Muscles
  52. ______ is excreted by the kidneys.
    Creatinine
  53. Tendons are attached to the _____ of a muscle.
    Fascia
  54. Glycogen is made of _____.
    Glucose
  55. _____ is the sustained contraction of a muscle fiber.
    Tetanus

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