Chapter 23

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Author:
sanfranfan93
ID:
135083
Filename:
Chapter 23
Updated:
2012-02-13 21:20:46
Tags:
EMT
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Description:
Bleeding
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  1. What are the five types of blood vessels?
    • 1. Arteries
    • 2. Arterioles
    • 3. Capillaries
    • 4. Venules
    • 5. Veins
  2. Which side of the heart recieves oxygen-poor blood?
    The right side.
  3. What is the flow of blood through the heart?
    • 1. Oxygen-poor blood comes into the right atrium through the vena cava.
    • 2. Right atrium to right ventricle.
    • 3. Right ventricle to pulmonary artery.
    • 4. Pulmonary artery to lungs.
    • 5. Lungs to pulmonary vein.
    • 6. Pulmonary vein to the left atrium.
    • 7. Left atrirum to the left ventricle.
    • 8. Left ventricle out the aorta to the rest of the arteries in the body.
  4. What characteristics of external bleeding come with arterial bleeds, venous bleeds and capillary bleeds?
    • 1. Arterial bleeds - bright red spurting
    • 2. Venous bleeds - dark red and flows smoothly
    • 3. Capillary bleeds - dark red and oozes
  5. What are the signs of hypovolemic shock?
    • 1. Altered mental status
    • 2. Tachycardia
    • 3. Weakness, fainting or dizziness at rest
    • 4. Thirst
    • 5. Nausea and vomiting
    • 6. Cold, moist (clammy) skin
    • 7. Shallow rapid breathing
    • 8. Dull eyes
    • 9. Dialated or slow to respond pupils
    • 10. Capillary refill of more than 2 seconds
    • 11. Weak, rapid (thready) pulse
    • 12. Decreasing BP
    • 13. Altered level of consciousness
  6. What is hemoptysis?
    Coughing up blood

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