clinical procedure 2
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What are some signs of organ system disease?
- vomiting VS regurgitation
- seizures, personality changes
- exercise intolerance
- coughing, stidor
- weight loss, loss of body score condition
- abnormal bleeding
- difficulty passing stool or urine
What do you find on a patient evaluation?
- Signalment and history
- body weight
- vaccine status
- duration of complaint
- concurrent medications-antibiotics, cardiac drugs, phenobarbital, NSAID's
- previous anesthetics, allergies
- duration since last meal.
During physical exam what do you look at?
- weight and body condition
- CNS, special senses
What do you check in the cardiopulmonary?
- Heart rate and rhythm
- Mucous membrane color
- pulse character/defecits
- respiratory rate
What is the difference between sign release and informed consent formed?
- sign release is owner or owner's agent
- informed consent any possible complications
How would you select the anesthetic protocol?
- procedure to be performed
- available assistance and equipment
- temperament of patient
- physical status and age
- species and breed factors
what are the type of procedures and the duration?
- minor medical or surgical
- major invasive surgery
- anticipated post operative pain
what are the available assistance and equipment?
- anesthetic machine type of inhalation anesthetic
- pharmaceutical on hand
- familiarity with agent(s)
Give examples of temperament of patient
- Quiet, relaxed, calm
- Nervous, excitable
- Moribund (in dying state), comatose
What are the species and breed factors for an anesthetic protocol?
- sight hounds
- brachycephalic breeds (periodontal tissue and soft palate)
- Toy breeds
How long do you withhold food for adult dogs and cats before anesthesia?
How long do you withhold water before anesthesia?
How long do you withhold food and water prior to planned gastric or intestinal procedures?
Why is the IV catheter recomend it?
- Administer anesthetic agents
- Rapid administration of emergency drugs
- Administration of fluids
- Not mandatory
- Highly recommended if in shock, debilitated, dehydrated, suspect blood loss, lengthy procedures
What is the standard fluid rate?
What are two types of fluids?
What would you like to do?
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