Medical Terminology

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Medical Terminology
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2010-04-07 22:36:22
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Medical Terminology
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  1. The word gastroenterology contains:
    a. a root and a suffix
    b. a prefix, root, and suffix
    c. combining forms and a suffix
    d. a prefix, combining vowel, and suffix
    • A.
  2. Which category of suffixes describes evidence of illness?
    a. Diagnostic
    b. Operative
    c. General
    d. Symptomatic
    D
  3. Which of the following best describes parenteral?
    A. outside of the small intestine
    B. alongside the small intestine
    C. in front of the small intestine
    D. behind the small intestine
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. A blood condition of below or deficient oxygen is:
    A. hypoxitis
    B. hypoxology
    C. hypoxemia
    D. hypoxoma
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following means below the stomach?
    A. perigastric
    B. hypergastric
    C. endogastric
    D. hypogastric
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What term component means to remove?
    A. -ectomy
    B. peri-
    C. -logy
    D. -tomy
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following means structure around the heart?
    A. hypocardium
    B. pericardium
    C. endocardium
    D. hypercardium
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The combining form meaning fat is:
    A. lip/o
    B. phag/o
    C. fat/o
    D. esophag/o
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The study of the stomach and intestines is:
    A. enterology
    B. gastrology
    C. stomatology
    D. gastroenterology
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A cardiospasm is:
    A. a steady heartbeat
    B. a slow heartbeat
    C. an involuntary contraction of the heart
    D. a fast heartbeat
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Hematology is the study of:
    A. the liver and the blood
    B. the stomach
    C. the liver
    D. the blood
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. In the term hypoxic, the root is:
    A. hypo
    B. ox
    C. ic
    D. oxic
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The excision or removal of bone is a/an:
    osteoectomy
  14. The plural of metastasis is:
    metastases
  15. What is the root for the term esophagitis?
    A. itis
    B. esoph
    C. esophag
    D. esopha
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The suffix -ic, as used in the word enteric, has what meaning?
    A. within
    B. pertaining to
    C. alongside of
    D. around
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The plural of diagnosis is:
    A. diagnoses
    B. diagnosses
    C. diagnosae
    D. diagnosis
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. What is the correct plural spelling of the word vertebra?
    A. vertebrae
    B. vertebras
    C. vertebraes
    D. vertibri
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. All of the following suffixes mean pertaining to except:
    A. -ar
    B. -ic
    C. -y
    D. -ary
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which prefix means after?
    A. pan-
    B. sub-
    C. post-
    D. para-
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which prefix means through?
    A. pan-
    B. trans-
    C. para-
    D. inter-
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Melan/o is a combining form that means:
    A. red
    B. white
    C. yellow
    D. black
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Agranolocytes are white blood cells:
    A. with multiple granules
    B. with two granules
    C. with no granules
    D. with one granule
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The lower lateral groin area of the abdomen is known as the ________ region.
    A. umbilical
    B. epigastric
    C. inguinal
    D. gastric
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is not a body system?
    A. nasal
    B. urinary
    C. integumentary
    D. endocrine
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. A specialist in the study of cells is:
    A. a sitologist
    B. an histologist
    C. a pathologist
    D. a cytologist
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. What does abduction mean?
    A. movement around an axis
    B. movement toward the body
    C. turning inward
    D. movement away from the body
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which body cavity contains the spine?
    A. vertebral
    B. cranial
    C. abdominal
    D. thoracic
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. What movement are you performing when you move your foot outward?
    A. inversion
    B. pronation
    C. supination
    D. eversion
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. During flexion the joint angle is:
    A. decreased
    B. turned inward
    C. increased
    D. rotated
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. A directional term that refers to "towards the feet" is:
    A. superior
    B. inferior
    C. lateral
    D. medial
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which plane divides the body into upper and lower halves?
    A. frontal
    B. sagittal
    C. coronal
    D. transverse
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Medial means:
    A. away from the beginning
    B. toward the side
    C. toward the middle
    D. toward the beginning
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The bending of the foot upward is:
    A. dorsiflexion
    B. adduction
    C. pronation
    D. inversion
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Lying face up and flat on the back is called the ________ position.
    A. recumbent
    B. lateral
    C. supine
    D. erect
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The distal aspect of the femur refers to which part of the femur?
    A. end
    B. middle
    C. beginning
    D. back
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. A synonym for anterior is:
    A. superior
    B. dorsal
    C. inferior
    D. ventral
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Caudal is an adjective meaning related to the
    A. head
    B. middle
    C. back
    D. tail
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The coronal plane divides the body into:
    A. front and back portions
    B. upper and lower portions
    C. four quadrants
    D. right and left portions
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. A combining form that means clot is:
    A. arthr/o
    B. nas/o
    C. thromb/o
    D. adip/o
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which prefix means before?
    A. ab-
    B. pro-
    C. ana-
    D. bi-
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The combining form for white is:
    A. melan/o
    B. leuk/o
    C. erythr/o
    D. cyt/o
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The plural form of atrium is _____.
    atria
  44. Spondyl/o is a combining form that means _______.
    vertebra
  45. The term for lying face down and flat is ______.
    prone
  46. A patient who is NAD:
    A. is not actively distressed
    B. is in no acute distress
    C. is not actually disturbed
    D. has no additional diagnoses
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which of the following is a sign?
    A. swelling
    B. headache
    C. scratchy throat
    D. pain
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. What does the abbreviation q.i.d. mean?
    four times a day
  49. The abbreviation WNL means which of the following?
    A. with natural light
    B. without normal limits
    C. within normal limits
    D. with normal limitations
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Creams, lotions and ointments are all examples of _____________ applications.
    A. sublingual
    B. topical
    C. transdermal
    c. subcutaneous
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. In what part of the SOAP note would the statement, "Abdomen is soft; bowel sounds are present" appear?
    A. Plan
    B. Subjective
    C. Assessment
    D. Objective
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Rx is a symbol meaning:
    A. instruction to patient
    B. recipe
    C. medication
    D. label
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Essential hypertension may also be called __________ hypertension.
    A. elevated
    B. secondary
    C. high blood pressure
    D. primary
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. The abbreviation q.o.d. should NEVER be used, but instead spelled out as ______ _______ ____.
    every other day
  55. In the phrase "BP 120/90; P 72; R 16," the R stands for:
    respiration
  56. The abbreviation c/o stands for ______ ___.
    complains of
  57. RRR on a patient's progress notes would signify _______ _____ ____ ________.
    regular rate and rhythm
  58. A kilogram is equal to ____ pounds.
    2.2
  59. Lordosis is a condition in which the spine is:
    A. bent
    B. S-shaped
    C. narrow
    D. twisted
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Ather/o is a combining form meaning all of the following except:
    A. fatty
    B. artery
    C. paste
    D. lipid
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Hypoglycemia is a condition of:
    A. even glucose levels
    B. high glucose levels
    C. no glucose levels
    D. low glucose levels
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. The prefix dys- means all of the following except:
    A. faulty
    B. pain
    C. under
    D. difficult
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. A slow heartbeat is:
    A. tachycardia
    B. dysrhythmia
    C. cardiospasm
    D. bradycardia
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. The combining form my/o means:
    A. mind
    B. muscle
    C. ear
    D. head
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Paralysis of the lower extremeties is called:
    A. quadriplegia
    B. hemiplegia
    C. megaplegia
    D. paraplegia
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. What does the prefix auto- mean?
    A. around
    B. all
    C. self
    D. upon
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. A shrinking or wasting of muscle is called:
    A. atrophy
    B. hypertrophy
    C. degeneration
    D. dystrophy
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Conditions that affect the whole body are:
    A. chronic
    B. systemic
    C. localized
    D. acute
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. A "flare-up" of symptoms is a/an:
    A. prognosis
    B. syndrome
    C. exacerbation
    D. diagnosis
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Etiology is defined as:
    A. a sign of a disease
    B. the prognosis of a disease
    C. the cause of a disease
    D. a symptom of a disease
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. A mild or noncancerous condition is described as:
    A. localized
    B. benign
    C. malignant
    D. acute
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Which of the following terms means the inability to breathe?
    A. dyspnea
    B. tachypnea
    C. bradypnea
    D. apnea
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Which type of diabetes is characterized by no insulin production?
    A. type I diabetes mellitus
    B. type 3 diabetes mellitus
    C. type 2 diabetes mellitus
    D. gestational diabetes
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. Chondr/o is a combining form meaning:
    A. joint
    B. cartilage
    C. bone
    D. muscle
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. A condition that advances as signs and symptoms increase in severity is called:
    A. objective
    B. remission
    C. progressive
    D. syndromes
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. A clot that has lodged in the lung is called:
    A. pneumonia
    B. aneurysm
    C. embolism
    D. thrombus
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Hepatoma is a tumor of the:
    A. liver
    B. lung
    C. blood
    D. kidney
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Which suffix means a condition of?
    A. -genic
    B. -tic
    C. -ism
    D. -logy
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. Tachypnea means ______ __________.
    fast breathing
  80. Necrosis is a condition of tissue _____.
    death
  81. The term arthrodynia means _____ _____.
    joint pain
  82. The combining form acr/o means topmost or ________.
    extremity
  83. Myocardial infarction is the medical term for _____ ______.
    heart attack
  84. The general term for a condition of narrowing of a structure is:
    stenosis
  85. -spasm is a suffix meaning involuntary __________.
    contraction
  86. The term that describes enlarged extremities is _________.
    acromegaly
  87. The term ______ means humpback.
    kyphosis
  88. The sudden uncontrolled urge to sleep describes the condition known as _________.
    narcolepsy
  89. A deficient level of oxygen in the blood is called __________.
    hypoxemia
  90. A biopsy in which an entire lesion is removed is a/an ______ biopsy.
    A. needle
    B. incisional
    C. excisional
    D. endoscopic
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. Which of the following does a spirometer measure?
    A. breathing
    B. hearing
    C. sound
    D. sleep
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. Which of the following is not a type of white blood cell?
    A. lymphocyte
    B. erthyroctye
    C. neutrophil
    D. monocyte
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Which of the following is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of urine?
    A. pH
    B. albumin
    C. ketones
    D. specific gravity
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. Another word for albumin is:
    A. protein
    B. bacteriuria
    C. glucose
    D. bilirubin
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. The calculation of the number of thrombocytes in the blood is called a _______ count.
    A. differential
    B. platelet
    C. WBC
    D. blood indices
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. A measurement of the percentage of packed red blood cells in a given volume of blood is a:
    hematocrit
  97. A bilirubin test is used to evaluate conditions related to the:
    A. liver
    B. kidney
    C. bones
    D. nerves
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. The prefix _____ means out.
    A. endo-
    B. ultra-
    C. auto-
    D. ex-
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. _________ is an examination using hands to feel tissue and organs of the body.
    A. Auscultation
    B. Palpation
    C. Percussion
    D. Palpitation
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. What is pathology the study of?
    A. disease
    B. life
    C. mental problems
    D. pathogens
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. Which blood chemistry panel determines the total level of cholesterol?
    A. lipid panel
    B. comprehensive metabolic panel
    C. basic metabolic panel
    D. blood glucose
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  102. Which of the following tests may be used to evaluate risk for coronary artery disease?
    A. bilirubin
    B. creatinine
    C. protein
    D. lipids
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  103. The combining form angi/o means:
    A. heart
    B. vein
    C. vessel
    D. artery
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  104. The chemistry blood test for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes mellitus is _______.
    glucose
  105. The combining form lapar/o means _______.
    abdomen
  106. Which type of therapy is used in place of conventional medicine?
    A. traditional
    B. alternative
    C. integrative
    D. complementary
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. Which of the following CAM therapies is considered a manipulative and body-based practice?
    A. chiropractic medicine
    B. yoga
    C. Ayurveda
    D. biofield therapy
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. A synonym for physical therapy is:
    A. psychotherapy
    B. occupational therapy
    C. massage therapy
    D. physiotherapy
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. Which procedure is used to examine, diagnose, and repair a joint from within?
    A. endoscopic surgery
    B. laparoscopic surgery
    C. laser surgery
    D. arthroscopic surgery
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. Which professional provides therapy in areas of self-care and everyday living?
    A. physical therapist
    B. psychotherapist
    C. occupational therapist
    D. massage therapist
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. Which abbreviation means a procedure to repair an occluded artery?
    A. PT
    B. PTCA
    C. ESWL
    D. TPA
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  112. Which condition may be treated with an antihyperlipidemic?
    A. low glucose
    B. high blood pressure
    C. high serum fat and cholesterol
    D. high glucose
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. Which of the following is a potent analgesic with addictive properties?
    A. narcotic
    B. sedative
    C. anxiolytic
    D. anaesthetic
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. Which prefix means strange or foreign?
    A. hetero-
    B. auto-
    C. homo-
    D. xeno-
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  115. Which of the following is a drug that dilates coronary arteries?
    A. antianginal
    B. antispasmodic
    C. antipruritic
    D. antihypertensive
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  116. Cardiac catheterization falls under which surgical category?
    A. cryosurgery
    B. endoscopic surgery
    C. endovascular surgery
    D. laser surgery
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  117. A drug that causes a narrowing of the blood vessels to decrease blood flow is:
    A. dilator
    B. thrombolytic agent
    C. vasodilator
    D. vasoconstrictor
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  118. Which of the following does not describe an NSAID?
    A. antiinflammatory
    B. analgesic
    C. anitpyretic
    D. anticoagulant
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  119. Which drug is used to treat congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    A. antianginal
    B. thrombolytic
    C. vasodilator
    D. cardiotonic
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  120. What does the prefix ec- mean?
    A. below
    B. within
    C. out
    D. alongside of
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  121. What do thrombolytic agents do?
    A. destroy calculi
    B. increase blood flow
    C. dissolve blood clots
    D. produce blood clots
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  122. The suffix that describes the drawing out of gas or fluid from a body cavity using a needle is called:
    A. -ectomy
    B. -stomy
    C. -desis
    D. -centesis
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  123. Which of the following terms means a binding together of vertebrae?
    A. spondylolysis
    B. spndylosyndesis
    C. vertebraecentesis
    D. arthrodesis
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  124. The combination of reducing a patient's cholesterol by taking medications prescribed by a medical doctor ,adhering to an Ayurvedic diet, and receiving acupuncture therapy is an example of:
    A. mind-body medicine
    B. energy medicine
    C. integrative medicine
    D. alternative medicine
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  125. What does the prefix a- mean?
    A. with
    B. without
    C. opposed
    D. against
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  126. Which type of operative procedure involves "key hole" surgery within the abdominal and pelvic areas?
    A. larparotomy
    B. laparoscopic surgery
    C. electrosurgery
    D. laser surgery
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  127. A drug that acts to kill or inhibit microbial life is a/an ________.
    antibiotic
  128. ______ is an operative suffix meaning incision.
    -tomy
  129. A vasodilator increases ______ flow.
    blood

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