psych 11-1

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Author:
makayxocourt
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135173
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psych 11-1
Updated:
2012-02-14 08:53:34
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psych
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psych
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  1. Achievement tests
    a test designed to assess what a person has learned
  2. Analytical intelligence
    includes the ability to learn how to do things, solve problems, and acquire new knowledge
  3. Aptitude tests
    a test designed to predict a person’s future performance

    _______ is the capacity to learn
  4. Content Validity
    • The extent to which test items represent the knowledge or skills being measured
    • Measured by item analysis – process of examining each question to see how it is related to the objective being tested.
  5. Creative intelligence
    includes the ability adjust to new tasks, use new concepts, and respond well in new situations
  6. Criteriod-related validity
    Relationship between scores on a test and an independent measure of what the test is supposed to measure
  7. Crystallized intelligence
    includes abilities such as reasoning and verbal skills
  8. Emotional intelligence
    proposed by Daniel Goleman

    •has five components

    •Knowing one’s own emotions

    •Managing one’s own emotions

    •Using emotions to motivate oneself

    •Recognizing the emotions of other people

    •Managing relationships
  9. Face Validity
    Measures whether a test looks like it tests what it is suppose to test
  10. Factor analysis
    is a type of statistical procedure that is conducted to identify clusters or groups of related items (called factors) on a test.
  11. Fluid intelligence
    includes skills such as spatial and visual imagery, rote memory, and the ability to notice visual details
  12. Flynn Effect
    is the name given to a substantial and long-sustained increase in intelligence test scores measured in many parts of the world.
  13. g factor
    is a common skill set that underlies all of our intelligent behavior
  14. General Intelligence
    • •factor that Spearman and others believed underlies specific mental abilities
    • •measured by every task on an intelligence test
  15. Heritability
    • the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes
    • variability depends on range of populations and environments studied
  16. Intellectual Disability
    Mental retardation (MR) is a generalized disorder, characterized by significantly impaired cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18.
  17. Intelligence
    Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
  18. Intelligence quotient (IQ)
    The score of an intelligence test that is a number derived from standardized psychological tests of an individual’s capacity to learn.
  19. Intellectual tests
    A standardized test used to establish an intelligence level rating by measuring a subject's ability to form concepts, solve problems, acquire information, reason, and perform other intellectual operations.
  20. Inter-rater reliability
    a measure of how similarly two different test scorers would score the test.

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