A&P Ch11

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Cascio
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135198
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A&P Ch11
Updated:
2012-02-14 11:51:15
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AAOS Paramedic
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Vital Vocabulary Cards for Jones and Barlett AAOS Paramedic: Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. a single gene contributed by one parent for any particular characteristic
    allele
  2. a procedure of extracting amniotic fluid from the uterus using a needle and ultrasound or CT scan guidance
    amniocentesis
  3. fluid produced by the filtration of maternal and fetal blood through blood vessels in the placenta and by excretion of fetal urine into the amniotic sac
    amniotic fluid
  4. the placenta and membranes that surround and protect the developing membranes
    amniotic membranes
  5. the sac formed from the amniotic membranes that surround and protect the developing embryo
    amniotic sac
  6. a pouch in the vas deferens at the prostate gland
    ampulla
  7. the posterior triangle of the perineum that contains the anal opening
    anal triangle
  8. the pigmented ring around the nipple in the breast
    areola
  9. glands that produce secretions that protect the nipple and areola during nursing
    areolar glands
  10. a type of chromosome that carries genes that code for numerous body proteins in both sexes
    autosomes
  11. cancer in one of both breasts
    breast cancer
  12. structures that contain the organs of milk production
    breasts
  13. one of several ligaments that support the uterus
    broad ligament
  14. the area of the corpus spongiosum that expands at the base of the penis
    bulb of the penis
  15. glands located on either side of the prostate gland that produce some of the secretions that become part of semen
    bulbourethral glands
  16. an autosomal-recessive condition with only one abnormal allele and no disease state that could be passed on if the carrier mates with another carrier
    carrier state
  17. a continuation of the uterine canal that opens at the tip of the cervix
    cervical canal
  18. the part of the uterus that extends into the vagina
    cervix
  19. protein matter in which chromosomes are contained within a cell
    chromatin
  20. the portion in the nucleus of each cell on which genetic material is carried
    chromosome
  21. hairs on cell surfaces that aid in movement and transport
    cilia
  22. surgical removal of the foreskin of the glans of the penis
    circumcision
  23. located in the anterior margin of the vestibule, it contains erectile tissue that becomes engorged with blood as a result of sexual excitement
    clitoris
  24. the erectile tissue found in the clitoris and penis
    corpus cavernosus
  25. the remnants of an unfertilized graafian follicle that hormonal changes allow to be sloughed during menstruation
    corpus luteum
  26. erectile tissue that surrounds the male urethra
    corpus spongiosum
  27. the muscle that contracts and pulls the testicles close to the body during cold weather
    cremaster muscle
  28. area at the base of the penis formed by the expanded corpora cavernosa
    crus of the penis
  29. a layer of cutaneous muscle within the scrotum that contracts during cold weather, causing the skin to become firm and winkled
    dartos muscle
  30. nucleic acid that carries the genetic code; sets of thousands of different genes that code for proteins that carry out various body functions
    deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
  31. the total number of chromosomes (46) in a mature human cell
    diploid
  32. the implantation of an oocyte at a location other than the normal intrauterine site, usually the fallopian tube
    ectopic pregnancy
  33. the pathway by which spermatozoa leave the testes
    efferent ductile
  34. a pair of ducts formed by the junction of the ampulla and vas deferens
    ejaculatory duct
  35. a fertilized egg
    embryo
  36. the inner group of cells within a zygote that develops to become the embryo
    embryoblast
  37. the period of gestation between weeks 3 and 8 in which all major organ systems begin to develop
    embryonic period
  38. the innermost layer of the uterine wall, which is further divided into the deep basal layer and the functional layer
    epididymis
  39. a hormone released by the ovaries that stimulates the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle
    estrogen
  40. the two hollow tubes or ducts that extend from the uterus to the region of the ovary and serve as a passage for the ova and sperm
    fallopian tubes
  41. a device used for listening to fetal heart tones
    fetoscope
  42. long thin finger-like processes at the end of the fallopian tube that surrounds the ostium
    fimbriae
  43. a hormone released from the pituitary gland at roughly monthly intervals that help to stimulate one oocyte to undergo meiosis
    follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  44. an opening in the wall between the right and left atria through which fetal circulation occurs
    foramen ovale
  45. a loose fold of skin that covers the glans of the penis
    foreskin
  46. the top portion of the uterus
    fundus
  47. sex cell that contains one half of the total chromosome complement of the mature cell
    gamete
  48. the fundamental units of heredity that store and release information on how to build and control cells
    genes
  49. the medical process of advising capsules of the possibility that certain inherited diseases may develop in their child
    genetic counseling
  50. diseases that develop as a result of an abnormality in a gene
    genetic disease
  51. the study of heredity
    genetics
  52. chromosomal contents
    genomes
  53. the genetic composition for a given trait
    genotype
  54. the process of fetal development following fertilization
    gestation
  55. the portion of the corpus spongiosum that extends to for a cap over the tip of the penis
    glans
  56. a hormone released from the hypothalamus that stimulates the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle
    gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
  57. a mature or developed ovum
    graafian follicle
  58. the passing of traits and qualities from parents to offspring primarily through DNA or RNA
    heredity
  59. number of chromosomes (23) carried on each sex cell
    haploid
  60. an organism that has two different alleles for a trait
    heterozygous
  61. similar chromosomes in a pair, each acquired from a different parent
    homologous chromosomes
  62. an organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
    homozygous
  63. a hormone that stimulates the corpus luteum to produce progesterone during the 8 weeks of gestation
    human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
  64. the thin mucous membrane that covers the vaginal opening
    hymen
  65. the space formed in the peritoneum by the distal end of the fallopian tubes
    infundibulum
  66. the canal through which the spermatic cord passes through the inferior abdominal wall and into the abdominal cavity
    inguinal canal
  67. two prominent, rounded folds of skin lateral to the labia minora of the female external genitalia
    labia majora
  68. a pair of skin folds in the female external genitalia that border the vestibule
    labia minora
  69. the area in the mammary glands in which milk is stored
    lactiferous sinus
  70. a hormone released from the pituitary gland at roughly monthly intervals that help to stimulate one oocyte to undergo meiosis
    luteinizing hormone (LH)
  71. the organs of milk production in the breasts
    mammary glands
  72. structures that support the mammary glands and prevent excessive sagging of the breasts
    mammary ligaments
  73. radiographic screening of the breasts for early detection of cancer
    mammography screening
  74. the process of cell division that occurs during the formation of a mature ovum or spermatocyte
    meiosis
  75. the first menstrual cycle
    menarche
  76. the ending of menses
    menopause
  77. a cycle lasting approximately 28 days in which physiologic changes occur in the uterus and associated reproductive organs
    menstrual cycle
  78. the period in the menstrual cycle of sloughing and discharge of the functional layer of the endometrium
    menstruation
  79. the peritoneal fold that helps to hold the ovaries in place
    mesovarium
  80. a rounded fat pad over the female pubic symphysis
    mons pubis
  81. a thick smooth muscle that forms the middle layer of the uterine wall
    myometrium
  82. an external raised protuberance on the breast surrounded by pigmented areola
    nipple
  83. one of several acids, such as DNA or RNA, composed of nucleotide chains. these chains store and release information on now to build and control the cells
    nucleic acid
  84. the precursor to a mature egg
    oocyte
  85. the maturation process that results in production of an ovum or egg
    oogenesis
  86. the opening in the infundibulum formed by the fallopian tubes
    ostium
  87. one of the two ligaments that help to hold the ovaries in place
    ovarian ligament
  88. the female reproductive organs that produce egg precursors, or oocytes
    ovaries
  89. the release of a mature ovum into the fallopian tube from the ovary
    ovulation
  90. the make external reproductive organ through which the urethra passes
    penis
  91. a serous membrane coating that makes up the outside layer of the uterine wall
    perimetrium
  92. the are between the urethral opening and the anus
    perineum
  93. the observable characteristics of an organism that result from genetic composition and environmental factors
    phenotype
  94. the organ that develops from trophoblastic cells of the zygote and attaches to the endometrium on one side and surrounds the embryo on the other side
    placenta
  95. the genetic component of a multifactorial disease
    polygenic disease
  96. a structure in the female external genitalia that is formed where the labia minora unite over the clitoris
    prepuce
  97. a hormone released from the ovaries that stimulates uterine lining during the menstrual cycle
    progesterone
  98. a male sex gland that secretes an alkaline viscid ejaculatory fluid
    prostate specific antigen (PSA)
  99. the female external genitalia, also called the vulva
    pudendum
  100. nucleic acid made from DNA in the cell's nucleus, it moves to the cytoplasm of the cell where it serves as a template for the production of proteins
    ribonucleic acid (RNA)
  101. one of several ligaments that supports the uterus
    round ligament
  102. the pouch of skin and muscles that contains the testes
    scrotum
  103. a viscid fluid of the male reproductive tract that contains spermatozoa
    semen
  104. a pair of pouches that secrete a sugar and protein ejaculatory fluid
    seminal vesicles
  105. the area of the testes where spermatozoa are produced
    seminiferous tubules
  106. chromosomes that code for proteins that determine sex as well as for other proteins
    sex chromosomes
  107. disease resulting from defects on either the X or the Y chromosome
    sex-linked disease
  108. male gametes that are produced in the testicles, also called spermatozoa
    sperm cells
  109. a cord composed of the testicular artery, venous plexus, lymph vessel, nerves, connective tissue and cremaster muscle
    spermatic cord
  110. the maturation process resulting in the formation of functional spermatozoa
    spermatogenesis
  111. male gametes that are produced in the testicles, also called sperm
    spermatozoa
  112. a liquid protein substance that coats the alveoli in the lungs
    surfactant
  113. one of two ligaments that help to hold the ovaries in place
    suspensory ligament
  114. the male reproductive organs that produce sperm and secrete male hormones
    testes
  115. the male reproductive organs that produce sperm and secrete male hormones
    testicles
  116. a painful condition characterized by a testicle that is twisted about the spermatic cord
    testicular torsion
  117. a male hormone responsible for secondary sexual characteristics
    testosterone
  118. three segments of time, each made up of approximately three months
    trimesters
  119. the outer group of cells in a zygote that develop to become the placenta
    trophoblast
  120. an ectopic pregnancy in which the oocyte has been abnormally implanted within the fallopian tube
    tubal pregnancy
  121. a special device that uses sound waves to determine the location and shape of internal tissues and organs
    ultrasound
  122. the connection between the placenta and the fetus
    umbilical cord
  123. the anterior triangle of the perineum that contains the external genitalia
    urogenital triangle
  124. one of several ligaments that support the uterus
    uterosacral ligament
  125. the pear-shaped female reproductive organ located in the middle of the lower abdomen that allows the implantation, growth and nourishment of a fetus during pregnancy
    uterus
  126. the muscular tube that forms the lower part of the female reproductive tract
    vagina
  127. nonspecific term for infection within the vagina
    vaginitis
  128. a duct in the male reproductive system that is contiguous with several structures that together constitute the spermatic cord
    vas deferens
  129. a form of birth control in which the vas deferens on each side is surgically cut and tied
    vasectomy
  130. the space into which the vagina and the urethra open
    vestibule
  131. the female external genitalia also called the pudendum
    vulva
  132. a fertilized ovum
    zygote

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