A&P Ch13

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A&P Ch13
2012-02-14 11:54:44
AAOS Paramedic

Vital Vocabulary Cards for Jones and Barlett AAOS Paramedic: Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. an injury in which the involved body part has lost its outer layer of skin or mucous membrane because it has been rubbed or scratched off
  2. a condition of the skin resulting from the inability to synthesize melanin
  3. completely cutting or tearing off of a body part
  4. coiled tubular glands that usually open into hair follicles of the axillae and genitalia, as well as around the anus
    apocrine sweat gland
  5. wound in which flaps of skin and tissue are torn loose or pulled off completely
  6. the result of heat or other thermal injury to the skin
  7. the layer of skin located directly immediately above the hypodermis
  8. merocrine sweat glands distributed over the body that promote cooling of the body
    eccrine glands
  9. granules within the stratum lucidum that are formed from keratohyaline and are eventually transformed to keratin
  10. the superficial, outer layer of the skin that contains numerous nerve vessels, but no nerve endings
  11. muscle attached to the base of the hair that pulls the hair perpendicular to the surface of the skin in cold or threatening situations
    erector muscle
  12. burns involving only the epidermis, also called superficial burns
    first-degree burns
  13. burns that involve the hypodermis and possibly bone, or internal organs, also called third degree burns
    full-thickness burns
  14. threadlike, keratin-containing appendage of the outer layer of the skin
  15. a tubular cavity beneath the skin in which hair develops
    hair follicle
  16. the portion of hair that extends above the skin
    hair shaft
  17. referring to below the skin
  18. the layer of tissue immediately below the dermis, also called the subcutaneous tissue
  19. a smooth cut, usually made by a sharp object
  20. the body's external surface, including the skin, nails, hair, and sweat and oil glands
    integumentary system
  21. a protein in the skin that is responsible for the strength and permeability of the epidermis
  22. the cells in the epidermis that produce a protein called keratin
  23. a precursor of keratin that is located in the stratum granulosum of the epidermis
  24. a wound with a smooth or jagged edge, resulting from a tearing or scarping action
  25. the white crescent-shaped structure at the base of the nail body
  26. the dark pigment in skin that protects the skin from the sun's ultraviolet rays
  27. epidermal cells that contribute to skin color by producing a dark pigment called melanin
  28. glands that produce a solution containing salt and urea that is secreted directly onto the surface of the skin through sweat pores
    merocrine sweat glands
  29. a flattened structure at the end of each finger and toe made of keratin from the epidermis
  30. the portion of the nail over which the nail body lies
    nail bed
  31. burns that involve the epidermis and a portion of the dermis; also called second degree burns
    partial-thickness burns
  32. wound made by a sharp instrument that passes through the skin, affecting all tissues in its path
    penetrating wounds
  33. glands that produce sebum and are located in the dermis of the entire body, except for the palms and soles
    sebaceous glands
  34. material produced by sebaceous glands that contain a combination of fat and cellular debris
  35. burns that involve the epidermis and a portion of the dermis, also called partial thickness burns
    second-degree burns
  36. the flat sheets of cells that make up the epidermis
    squamous epithelium
  37. the outer layer of the epidermis, which contains about 25 layers of dead cells that continuously shed as new cells push upward
    stratum corneum
  38. the innermost layer of epidermis
    stratum germinativum
  39. the layer of epidermis between the stratum lucidum and the stratum spinosum that is composed of flattened cells that contain granules of keratohyalin
    stratum granulosum
  40. the first inner layer of the epidermis, it is found only in the thick epithelium of the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet
    stratum lucidum
  41. the layer of epidermis between the stratum granulosum and the stratum germinativum that contains cells known as keratinocytes, which synthesize the keratohyaline, a precursor of keratin
    stratum spinosum
  42. the layer of soft tissue immediately below the dermis, also called the hypodermis
    subcutaneous tissue
  43. burns involving only the epidermis, also called first-degree burns
    superficial burns
  44. pores in the skin in which sweat in secreted
    sweat pores
  45. burns that involve the hypodermis and possibly bone, muscle, or internal organs; also called full-thickness burns
    third-degree burns
  46. break in the integrity of the integumentary system