A&P Ch14

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Cascio
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135201
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A&P Ch14
Updated:
2012-02-14 11:56:22
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AAOS Paramedic
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Vital Vocabulary Cards for Jones and Barlett AAOS Paramedic: Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. the anterior area of the globe between the lens and the cornea that is filled with aqueous humor
    anterior chamber
  2. the clear, watery fluid in the anterior chamber of the globe
    aqueous humor
  3. the large outside portion of the ear through which sounds waves enter the ear, also called the pinna
    auricle
  4. an opacification that develops in the lens of they eye, occasionally causing blindness
    cataract
  5. the shell shaped structure within the inner ear that contains the organ of Corti
    cochlea
  6. a canal within the cochlea that receives vibrations from the ossicles
    cochlear duct
  7. a thin, transparent membrane that covers the sclera and internal surfaces of the eyelids
    conjunctiva
  8. an inflammation of the conjunctivae that usually is caused by bacteria, viruses or allergies and should be considered highly contagious, also called pink eye
    conjunctivitis
  9. the transparent anterior portion of the eye that overlies the iris and pupil
    cornea
  10. a small elevation in each ear canal
    crista
  11. a cap of gelatinous tissue in each ear that is involved in the sensation of balance and movement
    cupula
  12. the area in which sound wave is receive from the auricle before they travel on to the ear drum, also called the external auditory canal
    ear canal
  13. a thin membrane that separates the middle ear from the inner ear and sets up vibrations in the ossicles, also called the tympanic membrane
    ear drum
  14. fluid in the membranous labyrinth of the ear
    endolymph
  15. the area in which sound waves are received from the auricle before they travel on to the ear drum, also called the ear canal
    external auditory canal
  16. one of three anatomic parts of the ear, it contains the pinna, the ear canal, and the exterior portion of the tympanic membrane
    external ear
  17. the organs of vision
    eyes
  18. the eyeball
    globe
  19. the sense of taste
    gustation
  20. any of several conditions that result in excess skin sensitivity, especially to touch or to cold
    hyperesthesia
  21. one of three anatomic parts of the ear, it consists of the cochlea and semicircular canals
    inner ear
  22. the colored part of the eye
    iris
  23. one of two mechanisms involved in the sensation of balance and movement, it senses movements of the head
    kinetic labyrinth system
  24. the structures in which the tears are secreted and drained from the eye
    lacrimal apparatus
  25. ducts located on the nasal border of the eyelids through which tears from the lacrimal sacs pass
    lacrimal ducts
  26. the structures in which tears are produced
    lacrimal glands
  27. sacs in which tears are drained from the lacrimal glands
    lacrimal sacs
  28. a transparent body within the globe that focuses light rays
    lens
  29. specialized patches of tissue within the utricle and saccule that aid in the sensation of motion
    macula
  30. one of three anatomic parts of the ear, it consists on the inner portion of the tympanic membrane and the ossicles
    middle ear
  31. the passage through which tears drain from the lacrimal sacs into the nasal cavity
    nasolacrimal duct
  32. a bulbous protrusion of the olfactory lobe through which scent impulses travel to the olfactory tract
    olfactory bulb
  33. the area in the brain that receives scent impulses and perceives them as smell
    olfactory cortex
  34. a passageway for scent impulses to travel from the olfactory bulb to the olfactory cortex
    olfactory tract
  35. the opening in the bony orbit where the eyeball is located, through which the optic nerve passes to the eye ball
    optic foramen
  36. either of the second cranial nerve that enter the eyeball posteriorly, through the optic foramen
    optic nerve
  37. a structure located in the cochlea that contains hairs that are stimulated by vibrations to form nerve impulses that travel to the brain and are perceived as sound
    organ of Corti
  38. the three small bones in the inner ear that transmits vibrations to the cochlear duct at the oval window
    ossicles
  39. small calcium carbonate stones within the gelatinous protein of the otolithic membrane of the inner ear that aid in the sensation of motion
    otolith
  40. a membrane within the inner ear that contains otolith and aids in the sensation of motion
    otolithic membrane
  41. an oval opening between the middle ear and the vestibule
    oval window
  42. the large outside portion of the ear through which sound waves enter the ear, also called the auricle
    pinna
  43. the posterior area of the globe between the lens and the iris
    posterior chamber
  44. small opening in the corner of the eye through which tears drain from the lacrimal gland into the lacrimal ducts
    punctum lacrimale
  45. the circular opening in the center of the eye, through which light passes to the lens
    pupil
  46. a delicate, 10 layered structure of nervous tissue located in the rear of the inferior of the globe that receives light and generates nerve signals that are transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve
    retina
  47. one of two membranous pouches in the static labyrinth system of each ear that contain a specialized patch of tissue that aids in the sensation of motion
    saccule
  48. the white of the eye
    sclera
  49. one of two mechanisms involved in the sensation of balance and movement, it evaluates the position of the head relative to gravity or linear acceleration/deceleration
    static labyrinth system
  50. receptors in the tongue and mouth that sense salt and sweet sensations separately, also called taste receptors
    taste buds
  51. receptors in the tongue and mouth that sense salt and sweet sensations separately, also called taste buds
    taste receptors
  52. receptors located in various areas of the skin to detect the sense of touch
    touch receptors
  53. a thin membrane that separates the middle ear from the inner ear and sets up vibrations in the ossicles, also called ear drum
    tympanic membrane
  54. one of two membraneous pouches in the static labyrinth system of the ear that contain a specialized patch of tissue that aids in the sensation of motion
    utricle
  55. the area in the brain where signals from the optic nerve are converted into visual images
    visual cortex
  56. a jelly-like substance found in the posterior compartment of the eye between the lens and the retina
    vitreous humor

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