Assessment/Trauma

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Author:
castelojl
ID:
135210
Filename:
Assessment/Trauma
Updated:
2012-02-14 12:44:41
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Assessment Trauma
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Assessment/Trauma
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  1. Define Assessment
    Is an assessment of a scene to assure safety and provide useful info about the patient
  2. How many steps are in Scene Size Up
    5 Steps
  3. Name the 5 steps of Scene Size Up
    • Scene Safety
    • BSI
    • MOI/NOI
    • Determine Number of Patients
    • Need for more resources
  4. The only predictable part of emergencies is?
    They are unpredictable
  5. If units are on scene should you do your own SSU?
    Yes
  6. As you near the scene you should always what?
    • Look and Listen for other units responding
    • Look for collision related power losses
    • Observer flow of traffic
    • Look for smoke
  7. What is the danger zone for no apparent hazards?
    50ft
  8. What is the danger zone of an area with apparent hazards
    100ft
  9. HAZMAT present you should always be in what direction
    Upwind
  10. When gases or fumes are present you should always be in what direction?
    Same level in case they rise
  11. When liquid is flowing you should be in what direction?
    Uphill
  12. Name some items used for BSI
    • Gloves
    • Masks
    • Gowns
    • Eyewear
    • HEPA respirator
  13. What are the two types of issues you will encounter
    Medical and Trauma
  14. NOI deals with?
    Nature of Incident, Why ems was called and is part of Medical
  15. What does MOI stand for and deals with
    Mechanism of Injury, force of injury and falls under Trauma
  16. WHat are the parts of the "Three Collision Concept"
    • Vehicle Collision
    • Body Collision
    • Internal Collision
  17. What are the 4 types of force?
    • Direct
    • Indirect
    • Twisting
    • Flexion
  18. What are the types of MVC?
    • Head on
    • Rear End
    • Side
    • Rollover
    • Rotational Impact Collision
  19. When determining number of patients someone should always?
    Do a head count
  20. What is the purpose of your Initial Assessment
    It is to find if there is any life threatening injuries to the patient
  21. How many steps are there in the Initial Assessment
    6
  22. What is the 1st step in Initial Assessment
    General Impression
  23. What is the 2nd step in Initial Assessment
    Mental Status
  24. What is the 3rd step in Initial Assessment
    Airway
  25. What is the 4th step in Initial Assessment
    Breathing
  26. What is the 5th step in Initial Assessment
    Circulation
  27. What is the 6th step in Initial Assessment
    Determine Priority
  28. Main Points of General Impression
    Helps determine priority of care. Note Age, Sex and Race. Find out immediately if there is life threatening injuries and determine chief complaint.
  29. What should you use to find out the patients mental status
    AVPU
  30. What does the acronym AVPU stand for
    Alert, Verbal, Painful and Unresponsive
  31. If consciousness is lower the alert status what should you do?
    Provide O2 via the NRB (Non-Rebreather) and consider a high priority
  32. If the patient is conscious, what should you do with the airway?
    Check Adequacy
  33. If your patient is not talking or crying what should you do with the airway.
    Open it.
  34. When you are assessing circulation what should you be doing?
    Checking Pulse, Major Bleeding and Perfusion
  35. 6 Places for checking a pulse?
    • Carotid
    • Radial
    • Brachial
    • Femoral
    • Posterior Tibia
    • Dorsalis Pedis
  36. Next step after initial assessment is?
    Determining if the patient is a medical or trauma
  37. DCAP First D stands for
    Deformaties
  38. DCAP C stands for
    Contusions (Bruises)
  39. DCAP A stands for
    Abrasions
  40. DCAP P stands for
    Penetrations and Punctures
  41. BTLS B Stands for
    Burns
  42. BTLS T Stands for
    Tenderness
  43. BTLS L Stands for
    Lacerations
  44. BTLS S Stands for
    Swelling
  45. Falls of ______________Are considered a Significant MOI
    >15ft or 3X the patients height
  46. Steps in dealing with a significant MOI
    • C-Spine Stabilization
    • Rapid Trauma Assessment
    • BVS/SAMPLE
    • Transport
    • Detailed Physical Exam
    • Ongoing Assessment
  47. C-Collars are measure how?
    By lenght not width

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