abnormal accumilation of fluid in tissues or body cavities
whats an old antiquated term for edema
what is severe generalized edema in subcutaneous tissues called
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity
what is abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity called
what is abnormal fluid collection in the pericardial cavity
hyperemia is what
what is a reduction in arterial blood supply known as
what is a thrombosis
an attached blood clot
what are some factors that might predispose someone to a thrombosis
injuries to a blood vessel
slow rate of blood flow
alterations in blood composition
what is the difference between a thrombosis and a embolism
what condition can result from an embolism
the term most closely associated with ischemia is
ischemic necrosis + putrefaction =
what is ischemic necrosis of an organ or tissue caused by a sudden arterial occlusion
hemorrhage is defied as a escape of ____ from the vascular system
list the different types of embolisms
fragments of thrombi, tumor cells, animal parasites, fat, air or gas (caisson), forgein bodies
what are the common causes of hemorrhage?
trauma, disease of blood vessels, hypertension, diseases of the blood, vascular diseases
list the consequences of an embolism
ischemia, infarction or gangrene, spread of infection, spread of tumors, necrosis
what is fine pin-point punctate hemorrhages in the skin or eye of the sclera?
what is a small nonelevated subcutatneous hemorraghic patch extravastion under the skin?
whats another name for ecchymoses?
what is localized collection of blood in the subcutaneous tissues; blood filled swelling?
a nose bleed
what is hemoptysis
coughing up blood; blood in the sputum
what is hematemesis
vomiting of blood
what is melena
blood in the stool
what is hematuria
blood in the urine
what is circulatory shock
generalized state of collapse
what are some condtions after death that result from a hemorrhage?
dehydration or emactiation
what is a abnormal mass of tissue (tumor) the growth of which is autonomous & exceeds that of normal tissue & persists after cessation of stimuli that created the change
growth by expansion, don't metastize, generally doesnt return after surgical removal, doesnt cause extensive tissue damage, doesnt cause whole body changes, resembles tissue of orgin and is not generall fatal are all characteristics of what
grow by infiltration, it metastizes creating secondary foci, can reoccur after surgical removal, causes extensive tissue damage, causes total body changes, tumor doesnt resemble tissue surrounding it and it can be lethal unless treated are all characteristics of what
what are benign neoplasms of epithelial tissues?
Adenoma, Papilloma, Nevus & Polyp
what are benign neoplasms of connective tissues
Osteoma, Chondroma, Lipoma, Angioma & Fibroma
what is a benign tumor of smooth muscle tissue
what is a benign tumor of striated muscle tissue
what is a benign tumor of nervous tissue?
what are malignant neoplasms of elpithelital tissues