Pathology #2

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Jeka07
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135257
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Pathology #2
Updated:
2012-02-14 15:06:04
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Pathology
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Pathology
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  1. abnormal accumilation of fluid in tissues or body cavities
    edema
  2. whats an old antiquated term for edema
    dropsy
  3. what is severe generalized edema in subcutaneous tissues called
    anasarca
  4. abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity
    ascities
  5. what is abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity called
    hydrothorax
  6. what is abnormal fluid collection in the pericardial cavity
    hydropericardium
  7. hyperemia is what
    excessive blood
  8. what is a reduction in arterial blood supply known as
    ischemia
  9. what is a thrombosis
    an attached blood clot
  10. what are some factors that might predispose someone to a thrombosis
    • injuries to a blood vessel
    • slow rate of blood flow
    • viscosity
    • alterations in blood composition
  11. what is the difference between a thrombosis and a embolism
    • thrombosis: attached
    • embolism: free-floating
  12. what condition can result from an embolism
    gangrene
  13. the term most closely associated with ischemia is
    infarction
  14. ischemic necrosis + putrefaction =
    gangrene
  15. what is ischemic necrosis of an organ or tissue caused by a sudden arterial occlusion
    infarction
  16. hemorrhage is defied as a escape of ____ from the vascular system
    blood
  17. list the different types of embolisms
    fragments of thrombi, tumor cells, animal parasites, fat, air or gas (caisson), forgein bodies
  18. what are the common causes of hemorrhage?
    trauma, disease of blood vessels, hypertension, diseases of the blood, vascular diseases
  19. list the consequences of an embolism
    ischemia, infarction or gangrene, spread of infection, spread of tumors, necrosis
  20. what is fine pin-point punctate hemorrhages in the skin or eye of the sclera?
    petechial
  21. what is a small nonelevated subcutatneous hemorraghic patch extravastion under the skin?
    ecchymoses
  22. whats another name for ecchymoses?
    bruise
  23. what is localized collection of blood in the subcutaneous tissues; blood filled swelling?
    hematoma
  24. epistaxis is
    a nose bleed
  25. what is hemoptysis
    coughing up blood; blood in the sputum
  26. what is hematemesis
    vomiting of blood
  27. what is melena
    blood in the stool
  28. what is hematuria
    blood in the urine
  29. what is circulatory shock
    generalized state of collapse
  30. what are some condtions after death that result from a hemorrhage?
    dehydration or emactiation
  31. what is a abnormal mass of tissue (tumor) the growth of which is autonomous & exceeds that of normal tissue & persists after cessation of stimuli that created the change
    neoplasm
  32. growth by expansion, don't metastize, generally doesnt return after surgical removal, doesnt cause extensive tissue damage, doesnt cause whole body changes, resembles tissue of orgin and is not generall fatal are all characteristics of what
    benign neoplasm
  33. grow by infiltration, it metastizes creating secondary foci, can reoccur after surgical removal, causes extensive tissue damage, causes total body changes, tumor doesnt resemble tissue surrounding it and it can be lethal unless treated are all characteristics of what
    malignant neoplasm
  34. what are benign neoplasms of epithelial tissues?
    Adenoma, Papilloma, Nevus & Polyp
  35. what are benign neoplasms of connective tissues
    Osteoma, Chondroma, Lipoma, Angioma & Fibroma
  36. what is a benign tumor of smooth muscle tissue
    Leiomyoma
  37. what is a benign tumor of striated muscle tissue
    Rhabdomyoma
  38. what is a benign tumor of nervous tissue?
    neuroma
  39. what are malignant neoplasms of elpithelital tissues
    Melenoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma & basal cell carcinoma
  40. what are some malignant neoplasms of connective tissues
    Osteosarcoma, Chondrosarcoma, Liposarcoma, Angiosarcoma, Lymphoma & Fibrosarcoma
  41. what is the malignant tumor of striated muscle tissue
    rhabdomyosarcoma
  42. what is the malignant tumor of smooth muscle tissue called?
    leiomyosarcoma
  43. what is the malignant tumor of nervous tissue called
    Glioma
  44. what the exceptions for the "oma" rule, meaning malignant instead of benign?
    Melenoma, Glioma & Lymphoma
  45. what are some conditions after death associated with malignant neoplasms
    emaciation, discoloration, hemorrhage, tissue deformation & extravascular obstruction
  46. what is a severe form of malnutrition called
    cachexia
  47. what is a closed sac or pouch with definite wall that contains fluid, semifluid or solid material?
    cyst
  48. where are cysts generally found (2 spots)
    ovarian & sebaceous
  49. what is a congenital skin lesion; mole
    nevus
  50. what is an enlargement of an organ or part due to increase in size of cells composing it
    hypertrophy
  51. what is an underdevelopment of tissue organ or body?
    hypoplasia
  52. what is an increased size of an organ or part due to excessive or regulated increase in # of cells
    hyperplasia
  53. what is the replacement of one type of tissue into a form that is not normally found there?
    metaplasia
  54. leukocytosis is
    increase in WBC
  55. what is a deceased amount of white blood cells called
    leukopenia
  56. abnormal reduction of RBC's is called
    anemia
  57. what is the difference between primary anemia & secondary anemia?
    • primary: basic disease process
    • secondary: RBC being destroyed
  58. diseased characterized by a high # of immature abnormal WBC
    leukemia
  59. leukemia is also known as cancer of the
    blood
  60. tumor composed of blood & lymph vessels is
    angioma/angiosarcoma
  61. an increase in total RBC mass is called
    polycythemia vera
  62. whats another name for polycythemia vera
    erythrocytosis
  63. what is destruction of platelets resulting in skin bruising?
    purpura
  64. what is a hereditary deficiency of factor VIII; single clotting factor disorder
    hemophilia
  65. what is a deficiency of platlets in blood?
    thrombocytopenia

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