CMST 2010 Chapter 2 terms

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CMST 2010 Chapter 2 terms
2012-02-14 19:21:36

Chapter 2 therms p
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  1. perception
    the process of using our senses to understand and respond to stimuli. the perception process occurs in fours tages; attending and selecting, organizing, interpreting, and retriving
  2. attending and selecting
    the frist stage of the perception process, requiring us to use our visual, auditory, tactile and olfactory senses to respond to stimuli in our interpersonal enviornment
  3. mindful
    having the ability to engage our senses so that we are observant and aware of our surroundings
  4. selective perception
    directing our attention to certain stimuli while ignoring other stimuli
  5. organizing
    the second stage of the perception process in which we place what are often a number of confusing pieces of information into an understandable accessiblie and orderly arrangement
  6. relational schema
    a mental framework or memory structuer tha we rely on to understand experience and to guide our future behavior in relationships
  7. sterotyping
    categoriziing indiviudals according to a fixed impression, wheathr postive or negative of an entier group to which they belong
  8. interpreting
    the third stage of perception process, in which we assign meaning to what we perceive
  9. retrieving
    the fourth and final stage of the percetion process in which we recall information stored in our memories
  10. selective retention
    recalling informationt aht agrees with oru perceptions and selectivly forgetting information taht deos not
  11. sex
    the biological make-up of an individual (male or female)
  12. gender
    the leanred behavior a culture associated with being a male or female, known as masculinity or femininity
  13. gender role socialization
    the process by which women and men learn the gender roles appropriate to thair sex. this process affects the way the sexes percieve the world
  14. gender schema
    a mental framework we use to process and categorize beliefs, ideas, and events as either masculine or feminine in order to understand and organize our world
  15. self-concept
    relativly stable set of perceptions we hold of ourselves
  16. symbolic interactionism theory
    the theory that our understanding of ourselves asn of the world is shaped by our interactiosn with those around us
  17. self-awareness
    our understanding of who we are
  18. self-esteem
    an evaluation of who we percieve ourselves to be
  19. self-fulfilling propecy
    a prediction or expectation about our future behavior that is likely to come ture because we believe it and thus act in ways that make it come true
  20. identity management theory
    the theory that explains the manner in which you handle your "self" in various circumstances, includes competency identity and face
  21. face
    the image of the self we choose to present to others in our interpersonal encounters
  22. postiive face
    our desier to be liked by significant others in our lives and have them confirm our beliefs, respect our abiliteis and value what we value
  23. negative face
    ourd esire that others refrain from imposing their will on us, respect our indivduality and our uniqueness and avoid interfearing with our actions or beliefs
  24. self-monitoring
    actively thinking about and controlling our public behaviors and actions
  25. implicit personality theory
    the theory that we rely on a set of few charateristics to draw inferences about others and use these inference as the basis of our communicaitn with them
  26. halo effect
    matching like quainties with each other to create an overall perception of someone or something
  27. postive halo
    occurs when we place postive qualities (e.g. warm sensintive and intelligent) together
  28. negative halo
    occurs wen we group negative qualites (eg unintelligent, rude, and temperamental) together
  29. attribution theory
    a theory that explains how we create explanations or attach meaning to antehr person's behavior or our own
  30. worldview
    a unique personal frame for viewing life and life's events
  31. fact
    a piece of informaitn taht is verifiable by direct oberservation
  32. inference
    a conclusion derived from a fact, but it does not reflect direct oberservation or experience
  33. relational uppers
    people who support and trust us as we imporve our self-concept