CMST 2010 Chapter 3 terms

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CMST 2010 Chapter 3 terms
2012-02-14 19:51:37

Chap 3 terms
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  1. intercultural communication
    communication etween and among individuals and groups from differnt cultura backgrounds
  2. culture
    the shared, personal and learned life experiences of a group of individuals who have a common set of values, norms and traditions
  3. enculturation
    occurs when a person either conciously or unconsiouly learns to identify with a particular culture and a culture's thinking way of relating and worldview
  4. acculturation
    occurs when a person learns adapts to, and adops the appropriate behaviors and rules of a host cuture
  5. community
    the common understandings among people whoa re committed to coexisting
  6. co-culture
    a culture within a culture
  7. culture clash
    a conflict over cultural expectaions and experiences
  8. global village
    the concept that all societs reguardless of their size are connected in someway. the term is also can be sued to describe how communication thechnology ties the world into one politica economical social, and cultural system
  9. outsourcing
    a pratice in which a nation sends work and wokers to a differnt country because doing so is cost efficient
  10. cultural variability theory
    a theory tha descibes the four value dimensions (indivuidualism/ collectivism, uncertanty avoidance, power distance, masculinity/femininity that offer infomraiton regardless the value diffence in a particular culture
  11. uncertainty avoidance
    a cultural mindset that indicates how tolerant (or intoorent) culture is of uncertainty and change
  12. power distance
    how a culture perceives and distributes power
  13. masculine culture
    a culture that emphasizes charateristics sterotypically associated with masculine people, such as achievement competitiveness, strenght and material success
  14. feminie culture
    a cultuer that emphasizes characteristics sterotypicall associated with feminine people, such as sexual equality nurturance quality of life supportiveness, affection and a compassion for the less fortunate
  15. individualism
    a cultural mindset that emphasizes self-concept and personal achievement and that prefers competition over cooporation, the individual over the group, and the private over the public
  16. collectivism
    a cultural mindset that emphssizes the groupa nd its norms, values, and beliefs over the self
  17. context orientation theory;
    the theory thatmeaing is derived form either the setting of teh message or the wors a message and that cultures can vary in the extent to which message meaning is made explicit or implict
  18. high-context culture
    a culture in which there is a high degree of similarity among members and in which the meaning of a message is drawn primarly form its context such as one's surrounding rather than from words
  19. low-context cultrue
    a culture in which there is a high degree of difference among members and in which the meaning of a message mus be explicity related usualy in words
  20. ethnocentrism
    the process of judging another culture using the standards of our own culture
  21. in-group
    a gorup to which a person feels he or she belogns
  22. out-group
    a group to which a person fels he or she does not belong
  23. cultural imperialism
    the process whereby individuals, companis and/or the media impose their way of thinking and behaving upon another culture
  24. cultural empathy
    the learned ability to accurately understand the experience of people from diverse culturals and to convey that understanding responsively
  25. cutural relativity
    the ability to avoid judging or condeming any pratice in which any other culture engages