Chapter 12: Political Parties

Card Set Information

Chapter 12: Political Parties
2012-02-15 01:15:37
American Government Politics Keeping Republic Chapter 12 Political Parties

Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Show Answers:

  1. politcal gridlock
    the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially parties, refuseto budge from their positions to achieve a compromise in the public interest
  2. political party
    a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of government in order to promote their ideas and policies
  3. partisanship
    loyalty to a political cause or party
  4. party organization
    the official structure that conducts the political business of parties
  5. party-in-government
    members of the party who have been elected to serve in government
  6. party-in-the-electorate
    ordinary citizens who identify with the party
  7. party identification
    voter affiliation with a political party
  8. party base
    members of a political party who consistently vote for that party's candidates
  9. responsible party model
    party government when four conditions are met: clear choice of ideologies, candidates pledged to implement ideas, party held accountable by voters, and party control over members
  10. party platform
    list of policy positions a party endorese and pledges its elected officials to enact
  11. party activists
    the party "faithful"'; the rank-and-file members who actually carry out the party's electioneering efforts
  12. party machines
    mass-based party systems in which parties provided services and resources to voters in exchange for votes
  13. party bosses
    party leaders, usually in an urban district, who exercised tight control over electioneering and patronage
  14. patronage
    system in which successful party candidates reward supporterse with jobs or favors
  15. party primary
    nomination of party candidates by registered party members rather than party bosses
  16. party eras
    extended periods of relative political stability in which one party tends to control both the presidency and Congress
  17. critical election
    an election signaling a significant change in popular allegiance from one party to another
  18. realignment
    substantial and longterm shift in party allegiance by individuals and groups, usually resulting in a change in policy direction
  19. dealignment
    a trend among voters to identify themselves as independents rather than as members of a major party
  20. electioneering
    the process of getting a person elected to public office
  21. closed primaries
    primary elections in which only registered party members may vote
  22. open primaries
    primary elections in which eligible voters do not need to be registered party members
  23. nominating convention
    formal party gathering to choose candidates
  24. soft money
    unregulated campaign contributions by individuals, groups, or parties that promotes general election activities but do not directly support individual candidates
  25. governing
    activities directed toward controlling the distribution of political resources by providing executive and legislative leadership, enacting agendas, mobilizing support, and building coalitions
  26. party discipline
    ability of party leaders to bring party members in the legislature into line with the party program