Blaw ch 1.txt

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  1. Law
    Enforcable rules governing relationships among individuals and between individuals and their society
  2. Constitution
  3. Constitutional Law
    law as expressed in the constitution
  4. Statutory Law
    laws enacted by legislative bodies at any level of government, such as the statutes passed by congress or by state legislatures
  5. Uniform Laws
    model laws by National conference of commissioners on uniform state laws
  6. Administrative Law
    rules orders and decisions of administrative agencies
  7. Case Law
    doctrines and principles announced in cases goerning all areas not covered by statutory law or administrative law
  8. Civil Law
    rights and duties that exist between persons and between persons and their governments
  9. Common Law
    a body of general rules that applied throughout the entire english realm
  10. Damages
    an amount given to a party whose legal interests have been injured
  11. Remedy at Law
    the legal means to enforce a right or redress a wrong, land ,items of value, or money
  12. Remedy in equity
    equitable remedied, specific performance, injunction, and rescission
  13. Defendant
    the party being sued
  14. Petitioner
    the party bringing a lawsuit
  15. Plaintiff
    the suing party
  16. Respondent
    the party being sued
  17. Statute of Limitations
    bring lawsuits while evidence is fresh, constitutes reasonable time
  18. Precedent
    a decision that furnished a n example or authority for deciding subsequent cases involving identical or similar legal principles or facts
  19. Stare Decisis
    helps the courts to be more efficient because if other courts have carefully analyzed a similar case, their legal reasoning and opinions can serve as guides, also makes laws more stable and predictable
  20. Legal Reasoning
    reasoning process used by judges in deciding what law applies to a given dispute and then applying that law to the specific facts or circumstances of the case
  21. Restatements of Law
    summarize the common law rules followed by most states
  22. Historical School
    emphasizes the evolutionary process of law by concentrating on the orgin and history of the legal system
  23. Jurisprudence
    philosophical approaches to law
  24. Legal Positivism
    believing that there can be no higher law than a nation's positive law
  25. Natural Law
    higher or universal law exsts taht applies to all human beings and that written laws should imitate these inherent principles
  26. Positivist School
    applies only to the citizens of that nation or society and follows legal positivism
  27. Legal Realism
    law is just one of many institutions in society and that it is shaped by social forces and needs
  28. Procedural Law
    all laws that delineate the methods of enforcing the rights established by substantive law
  29. Sociological School
    law is a tool for promoting justice in society
  30. Substantive Law
    laws that define, describe, regulate, and create legal rights and obligations
  31. Criminal Law
    wrongs committed against the public as a whole
  32. Appellant
    the party appealing a case
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Blaw ch 1.txt
business law flashcards
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