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  1. incomplete emptying of alveoli during expiration due to loss of lung tissue elasticity (emphysema), bronchospasm (asthma), or airway obstruction
    air trapping
  2. genetic disorders resulting from deficiency of alpha, antitrypsin, a protective agent for the lungs; increases patient's risk for developing panacianr emphysema even in the absence of smoking
    alph1-antitrpsin deficiency
  3. a disease with multiple precipitating mechanisms resulting in a common clinical outcome of reversible airflow obstruction; no longer considered a category of COPD
  4. chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi; the dilated airways become saaccular and are a medium for chronic infection; no longer considered a category of COPD
  5. a disease of the airways defined as the presence of cough and sputum production for at least a combined total of 3 months in each of 2 consecutive years; a category of COPD
  6. disease state characcterized by airflow limitations that is not fully reversible; sometimes referred to as chronic airway obstruction or chronic obstructive lung disease
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  7. a disease of the airway characterized by destruction of the walls of overdistended alveoli; a category of COPD
  8. patient-activated medication canister that provides aerosolized medication that the patient inhales into the lungs
    meter-dose inhaler
  9. increase in the red blood cell concentration in the blood; in COPD, the body attempts to improve oxygen carrying capacity by producing increasing amounts of red blood cells
  10. pulmonary function tests that measure specific lung volumes (FEV, FVC) and rates (FEF 25-75%); may be measured before and after bronchiodilator administration
Card Set
MedSurg Chapter 24 Management of Patients with Chronic Pulmonary Disease
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