CODING CLASS-TERMINOLOGY TEST

Card Set Information

Author:
Phabie23
ID:
135539
Filename:
CODING CLASS-TERMINOLOGY TEST
Updated:
2012-02-15 20:24:25
Tags:
PREFIX SUFFIX ROOT
Folders:

Description:
Terminology
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Phabie23 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. WORD PARTS
    Suffix, Prefix, Word root
  2. COMBINING FORM
    • Created when a ROOT is combined with a COMBINING VOWEL
    • Color, Body part, thoughts, ideas
    • Root gives the same information as the combining form
    • All medical term root has a combining form.

    • DENOTED BY: /followed by the combining vowel
    • EX.: Arthr/o= Joint
  3. ROOT
    • Found at the beginning of the medical term
    • Foundation of the medical term. Typically has at least one root
    • Terms can have one or more roots
    • Telling us the body parts involved and main thought
    • ROOT=COMBINING FORM
  4. SUFFIXES
    • Says if it's a procedure, condition or neither
    • Found at the end of the term
    • Each term must end with a suffix (one suffix per term, except for the instances when the rott can stan alone as a word)

    • DENOTED BY: hyphen before the suffix
    • EX.: -ac, -al, -ar, -ary = pertaining to; like
  5. COMBINING VOWEL
    • Used to join word root to word root
    • Make pronunciation easier
    • Joining word root to suffix
  6. PREFIXES
    • Beginning of the term when present
    • Not all terms have a prefix
    • Number, Location, direction

    • DENOTED BY: Hyphen after the prefix
    • EX.: Ante-= Before; forward
  7. RULES FOR COMBINING ROOTS, PREFIXES & SUFFIXES
    • 1. When combining more than one root in a medical term, the combining for of the root is usually used between the roots
    • ex. Cardiogastric => Pertaining to ther heart and stomach
    • The combining form Cardi/o is used to join the roots cardi and gastr.

    • 2. When combining a root with a suffix that begins with a consonant, the combining form of the root must be used to connect the suffix
    • ex. Gastromegaly

    • 3. When combining a root with a suffix that begins with a vowel, the combining form is not used.
    • Ex. Gastrectomy

    • 4. There will always be some exceptions to these rules
    • Ex. Gastroenterology
  8. ARTHR /o
    Joint
  9. CARDI /o
    Heart
  10. DERM /o
    DERMAT /o
    Skin
  11. GASTR /o
    Stomach
  12. HEPAT /o
    Liver
  13. OSTE /o
    Bone
  14. ENDO-
    Within
  15. EPI-
    Above, upon
  16. HEMI-
    Half
  17. HYPO-
    • Deficient
    • Below
  18. PERI-
    Around
  19. POLY-
    Many
  20. -ALGIA
    Pain
  21. -IC
    Pertaining to
  22. -ITIS
    Inflammation
  23. -MEGALY
    Enlargement, Enlarged
  24. -PATHY
    Disease
  25. -PLASTY
    Surgical repair
  26. -AB
    Away from

    • Abnormal=> Away from being normal
    • Abduct=> To move away from the body
  27. AD-
    • To, toward
    • Addendum-=>in addition to; added to
  28. ANTE-
    • Before
    • Anteroom- a room before a larger room
  29. AUTO
    Self
  30. BRADY-
    • Slow
    • Bradycardia=> slow heart rate
  31. ENDO-
    Within, Inner

    Endo-Cardium=> Within the heart; inner linning of the heart
  32. EPI-
    Above, upon

    Epi-gastric => above the stomach
  33. HEMI-
    Half

    Hemi-sphere => half of a sphere
  34. INFRA-
    Below, Inferior

    Infra-Orbital => below the eye socket
  35. INTER-
    Between; among

    Inter-mission => time period between events or periods of activity
  36. INTRA-
    Within

    Intrastate => existing or occuring within a state
  37. MACRO-
    large

    Macro-cyte => abnormally large red blood cell
  38. META-
    Change; after; beyond

    Meta-plasia => change from one type of growth to another
  39. MICRO-
    Small

    Micro-cyte => abnormally small red blood cell
  40. MULTI-
    Many
  41. NEO-
    New
  42. PARA-
    near, beside

    Ex. Parallel
  43. PERI-
    Around, surrounding

    Ex. Peri-meter => boundary surounding a specific location
  44. POLY-
    Many
  45. POST
    After
  46. PRE-
    Before, in front of
  47. RETRO-
    behind, Backward
  48. SEMI-
    Half
  49. SUB-
    Below, Under
  50. SUPER-
    Above, over, excess
  51. SUPRA-
    Above, on top of

    Ex. Supra-spinal => Above the spine
  52. TACHY
    Fast
  53. A; AN; ANA
    No, Not, Without
  54. ANTI-
    Against
  55. CONTRA-
    Against; opposite
  56. NON-
    Not
  57. BI-
    Two, double, both
  58. CENTI-
    Hundred, Hundredth
  59. DEC-
    Ten
  60. MILLI-
    One Thousandth
  61. QUADR-
    Four
  62. TRI-
    Three
  63. UNI-
    One
  64. CARCIN-
    Cancerous
  65. DYS-
    Bad, Difficult, Painful
  66. HYPER-
    Above; excessive
  67. HYPO-
    Deficient; below

    Hypo-thyroidism => Excessive thyroid activity
  68. MAL-
    Bad; poor; abnormal
  69. -AC; AL; AR; ARY
    Pertaining to
  70. -CRINE
    To Secrete
  71. -CRIT
    To Seperate
  72. -CYTE
    Cell
  73. -GEN; -GENESIS; GENIC
    Producing, Forming
  74. -GLOBIN; GLOBULIN
    Protein
  75. -GRAM
    Record
  76. -GRAPH
    Instrument for recording
  77. -GRAPHY
    Process of recording
  78. -IAC; IC
    Pertaining to
  79. -OID
    Resembling; like
  80. -(0) LOGIST
    Specialist
  81. (O) LOGY
    Study of
  82. -OUS
    Pertaining to
  83. -PEPSIA
    Digestion
  84. -PHAGIA
    Eating; Swallowing
  85. -PHONIA
    Voice; Sound
  86. -PHORESIS
    Carrying, Transmission
  87. -PHORIA
    Bad Feeling
  88. -PNEA
    Breathing
  89. -POIESIS
    Formation
  90. -SCOPE
    Instrument for viewing
  91. -SCOPY
    Process of viewing
  92. -SOMNIA
    Sleep
  93. -STASIS
    Control, Stop
  94. -THERAPY
    Treatment
  95. -THORAX
    Chest, Pleural cavity
  96. -TOCIA
    Labor, Birth
  97. -TRESIA
    opening
  98. -TROPHY
    Growth, Development
  99. -TROPIN
    Nourish, Develop, stimulate
  100. -VERSION
    To Turn
  101. -ALGIA
    -DYNIA
    Pain
  102. -CELE
    hernia, Herniation
  103. -CYTOSIS
    Condition of cells
  104. -EMESIS
    Vomiting
  105. -IA; IASIS, OSIS
    Abnormal condition

    Always look at root word before determining if it's the correct suffix
  106. -ITIS
    Inflammation
  107. -MALACIA
    Softening
  108. -MEGALY
    Enlargement
  109. -NECROSIS
    Tissue death
  110. -OMA
    Tumor
  111. -PARESIS
    Slight paralysis
  112. -PATHY
    Disease
  113. -PENIA
    Decreased number
  114. -PHOBIA
    Abnormal Fear
  115. -PLEGIA
    Paralysis
  116. -PTOSIS
    Drooping, Sagging, prolapse
  117. -PTYSIS
    Spitting up
  118. (R)RHAGE
    (R)RHAGIA
    Bursting forth of blood
  119. -(R)RHEA
    Flow, Discharge
  120. -(R)RHEXIS
    Rupture
  121. -SCLEROSIS
    Hardening
  122. -SPASM
    Contraction and twitching
  123. -STENOSIS
    Narrowing; Tightening
  124. -CENTESIS
    Surgical puncture for the withdrawal of fluids
  125. -DESIS
    Binding together
  126. -ECTASIA
    -ECTASIS
    • Stretching
    • Dilatation
  127. -ECTOMY
    • Surgical removal
    • Excision
  128. -(O)STOMY
    Creating a new opening
  129. -(O)TOMY
    Incision into
  130. -PEXY
    Surgical fixation
  131. -PLASTY
    Surgical repair
  132. -(R)RHAPHY
    Suture
  133. -TRIPSY
    Crushing, Friction
  134. CYAN/O
    Blue
  135. EOSIN/O
    Rosy Red, Rosy
  136. ERYTHR/O
    Red
  137. LEUK/O
    White
  138. MELAN/O
    Black
  139. XANTH/O
    Yellow
  140. CRANI/O
    Cranium/Skull
  141. ENCEPHAL/O
    Brain
  142. CEREBR/O
    Brain, Cerebrum
  143. PERI v. EPI
    PERI => Surrounding, Around...Typically an additional sac

    EPI => Upon, above
  144. ARTHER/O vs. ARTERI/O vs. ARTHR/O
    ARTHER/O => Fat, plaque

    ARTERI/O => artery

    ARTHR/O => Joint
  145. ATHEROSCLEROSIS v. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS

    ATHEROSCLEROSIS => Hardening because of fatty and plaque deposit

    ARTERIOSCLEROSIS => Hardening not due to fatty deposit--thickening and loss of elasticity of arterial walls;
  146. MYCO-
    Fungus
  147. MYO-
    MYOS/O
    Muscle
  148. MYEL/O
    Bone marrow or spinal cord
  149. ENDARTECTOMY
    Removal of insde the artery
  150. ATHERECTOMY
    Removal of plaque
  151. -PLASIA
    Growth because of number of cell
  152. POLIO
    Gray

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview