Body systems

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Author:
XQWCat
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135570
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Body systems
Updated:
2012-03-24 16:28:02
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vet tech
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body systems vet tech
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  1. aboral
    away from the mouth
  2. approximate (surgery)
    to bring two surfaces together and make a flat surface
  3. evert (surgical)
    To leave a raised scar (done with insufficient material)
  4. Stratum Corneum
    most superficial layer of epidermis. All cells are dead. Corneum = tough, horn-like
  5. Stratum Basale
    deepest layer of epidermis. Cells are alive
  6. Pinna
    visible part of ear
  7. Nares
    hole/opening of nostril
  8. nostril
    cartiledge and skin around nares
  9. Sagittal plane
    splits the body into left and right quadrants
  10. transverse plane
    splits the body into caudal/cranial
  11. frontal plane
    splits the body into top and bottom--legs and body
  12. keloid
    raised, textured scar
  13. flank
    side of abdomen
  14. Divisions of abdomen
    cranial, middle and caudal areas on each side (R and L)
  15. Common integument
    skin, skin glands, claws, hooves, hair/fur, horns, antlers...
  16. largest organ in the mammalian body
    skin
  17. Haircoat
    topcoat. Wool hairs
  18. undercoat
    guard hairs
  19. Layers of feathers
    outer (contour) and inner (down)
  20. Quick
    small vein in claw
  21. Sebaceous glands
    produce sebum--waxy substance with pheromones
  22. sebum
    waxy substance with pheromones
  23. cervid
    deer (family of hoof stock)
  24. Sweat glands
    apocrine and eccrine
  25. cardiac muscle
    looks like both smooth and skeletel, but is involuntary
  26. smooth muscle
    smooth, organs, involuntary
  27. skeletal
    striated, voluntary
  28. arthro
    joint
  29. luxation
    when something in joint goes out of position and stays out
  30. proliferative arthritis
    spreading arthritis
  31. femorotibial joint
    knee or stifle
  32. coxofemoral joint
    hip
  33. tarsus
    ankle
  34. scapulohumeral
    shoulder
  35. humeroradial
    elbow
  36. carpus
    wrist
  37. synovial joint
    most movement (stifle). Has capsule with fluid
  38. Hinge joint
    mandible
  39. pivot joint
    turns 90 degrees
  40. sutures
    mostly immoble
  41. Skeletal system
    includes bones, joints, cartilage. provides support, produces marrow, and stores some minerals (calcium, phosphorus)
  42. Pelvis
    3 fused bones (cranial to caudal) Ilium, Ischium (hip joint), pubic bone (fibrous joint that opens a little for prenancy and birth)
  43. how far does the spinal cord extend?
    sacrum. Does not continue into caudal vertebrae
  44. Axial skeleton
    Mandible, maxilla, skull, spine, tail (horozontal)
  45. appendicular skeleton
    limbs, ribs (anything that hangs) (vertical)
  46. Vertebrae #s
    7 cervical, 13 thoracic, 7 lumbar, 3 fused sacral. Caudal are variable.
  47. purpose of lymphatic system
    collect old WBCs, cellular debris, pathogens, etc, dump into vena cavae, run through lymph nodes, Lymphoma is common cancer in dogs and cats
  48. circulatory system is composed of
    heart, arteries and veins, lymphatic vessels
  49. hemoglobin
    constituent of RBC. Carries oxygen
  50. artery
    carries blood away from heart. Most are oxygen rich
  51. vein
    carries blood too the heart. Most are oxygen poor.
  52. Systemic circulation
    throughout body
  53. pulmonary circulation
    heart and lungs
  54. Pulmonary vein and artery
    are the opposite. Artery is poor in oxygen and vein is rich in oxygen
  55. path of blood through heart
    body--R. Atrium--R Ventricle--pulmonary artery--lung--pulmonary vein--L atrium--left vetricle, aorta--body
  56. real name of RBC and WBC
    Erythrocyte and Leukocyte
  57. 6 lymph nodes
    Parotid (ear), submandibular (under jaw), prescapular (neck), axillary (armpit), inguinal (groin), popliteal (caudal to stifle)
  58. Axilla
    armpit
  59. Portal circulation
    liver--intestines--liver (circle)
  60. pulse deficit
    when pulse is out of sync with heart rate
  61. renal arteries
    aorta splits into two large branches near the groin.
  62. All blood cells start as stem cells and become, through a series of steps, erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets.
    know that.
  63. cloaca
    in avians and reptiles, the place where waste exits. Includes eggs, feces and kidney product.
  64. cecum
    fermenting vat of rabbits and horses. No use in cats, dogs or humans
  65. Prehension
    picking food up and putting it in the mouth (lips, trunk, teeth, etc.)
  66. deglutition
    swallowing of food
  67. baby teeth
    deciduous
  68. pylorus
    bottom, narrow part of stomach
  69. omentum
    lace curtain that overlies organs in the abdomen
  70. enteric
    small intestine
  71. colonic
    large intestine
  72. hepatic
    liver
  73. chemicals produced by pancreas to increase digestion
    amylase-starch, lipase-fat, trypsin-protein
  74. bile
    produced by gallbladder. Good for digestion of fats.
  75. motility
    ability fo intestine to move
  76. ileus
    GI tract stops. No peristalsis.
  77. where is a cow's heart
    between reticulum and rumen
  78. 4 chambers of a cow's stomach
    reticulum (honeycomb), rumen, omasum, abomasaum (like our stomach, with enzymes). First three have bacterial protozoans to help break down food.
  79. Peripheral nervous system
    anything not the brain or spinal column
  80. Central nervous system
    brain and spinal cord
  81. medulla
    caudalmost part of brain. Narrows to become spinal cord. Pituitary hangs off brain (hypophysis)
  82. how many cranial nerves?
    12
  83. somatic
    having to do with the body
  84. sciatic
    sciatic=ischiatic=PNS nerve. Huge nerve from pelvis down pelvic limb.
  85. nerve cell
    neuron
  86. motor neuron
    tells muscle to move
  87. sensory neuron
    monitors environment
  88. Reflexes
    neural pathways from the spinal cord, not the brain
  89. Cortex
    part of the brain that's mostly dorsal and rostral. Integrates and thinks
  90. cerebellum
    caudal to cortex. part of autonomic NS. Motor function
  91. Autonomic NS
    sympathetic or parasympathetic.
  92. sympathetic NS
    fight or flight
  93. parasympathetic NS
    rest and digest
  94. brainstem
    caudal brain. cranial nerves
  95. excretory system
    includes renal, GI and endocrine
  96. renal artery is filtered by
    glomerulus
  97. glomerulus
    1st part fo kidney. Thin tubes
  98. renal system responsibilities
    filters all blood. Reabsorb big molecules get rid of rest. Calls for more RBCs if necessary
  99. renal system
    blood enters through renal artery--cortex--renal pelvis--exits through ureter
  100. ureter
    where urine exits the kidney
  101. feline ovulation
    stimulated ovulators. Go through heat cycles, but don't ovulate until after sex
  102. where is egg fertilized in domestic animals
    oviduct
  103. where puppies and kittens develop in vitro
    uterine horns, in separate placentas. Only at birth do they move into the uterus.
  104. how many teats to horses have
    2
  105. how many teats to cows have
    4
  106. Mastitis
    inflammation of mammary gland.
  107. adrenal gland secretions
    ephinephrine and norephinephrin, prednisone and estrogen, testosterone
  108. what is the master gland
    pituitary

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