302 first exam

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302 first exam
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2012-02-15 18:05:29
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302 first exam
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  1. Macrosystem
    • beliefs
    • gender neutral roles
    • Cultures
    • values
    • ideology
    • Have effect on childrearing practices and development of children
  2. Exosystem
    • indirectly to child
    • social systems that do not contain to developing of child but have an effect
    • parents work
    • school board meetings
    • media
  3. Mesosystem
    • interaction compnents of the microsystem
    • fight with boyfriend, taking it out on mother
    • 2 different Microsystems interacting affects
    • Interaction between family and daycare
  4. Microsystems
    • events that happen on a daily basis
    • made up of relationships between the person and his/her environment in a particular setting
    • peers, teachers in school
    • parent/child interactions
  5. CNS (Central Nervous System)
  6. measuring brain waves to see what parts of the infants
    brain is aroused when experiencing certain things
  7. ANS (Autonomic Nervous System)
  8. measuring heart rate and respiration; helps understand
    when the infant is feeling stressed
  9. Hormonal Activity
    what hormones are present by taking swab of saliva
  10. Paired Preference Technique
  11. what does baby look at longer? Two stimuli are
    presented next to one another
  12. response-contingent procedure
  13. teach baby a contingency and see what they do
  14. ex. sucking a certain way
  15. Novelty and Habituation
  16. using the infants’ tendency to get bored and lose interest on the same thing to understand whether or not they notice when a new stimulus is presented
  17. Cross sectional
  18. the research selects a different group of children at each age period of interest. give a sense of age change in development without having to wait for the children to grow up
  19. Longitudinal research
    researchers follow same group of childrenover time
  20. DZ:
    Faternal or Dizygotic twins

    if two different zygotes are fertilized
  21. MZ:
    Identical or Monozygotic twins

    one zygote is fertilize
  22. Artificial insemination
    sperm from father is directly placed in mothers fallopian tubes
  23. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
    ova is removed and joinedwith sperm. After fertilization and zygote has made a few cell divisions (embryo) it is implanted in mother’s uterus
  24. Sperm microinjection
    sperm is directly injected directly into the ovum
  25. Embryo Cryopreservation
    many oba are removed from the mother and frozen
  26. Surrogate mother
  27. vitro zygote from mother and father can be implanted in the uterus of another women then carries until birth
  28. Endoderm
  29. becomes part of the digestive, urinary, and respiratory system
  30. Ectoderm
    becomes the central nervous system and brain, sense organs, skin, nails, hair, and teeth
  31. Mesoderm-
    will become the muscles, bones, circulatory system, and reproductive system
  32. Germinal stage
    0-2 weeks

    Fertilized ovum called a zygote
  33. Embryonic stage
    • 2-8 weeks
    • Developing child is an embryo

    Major organs and body parts develop

    Most critical when environmental damage most likely to occur
  34. Fetal stage
    8 weeks to birth

    Developing child is a fetus

    Elaboration of existing organs and structures

    Brain develops rapidly
  35. Amniocentisis
    withdraw amniotic fluid with needle. Fetal cells can be tested for abnormalities

    Occurs 16-17 weeks

    Can result in miscarriage
  36. Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
    assess genetic material in fetal cells

    Can be done in 1st trimester

    Go up through vagina and into uterus

    Slight risk of miscarriage

    Tests for genetic chromosomal abnormalities

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