302 first exam

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  1. Macrosystem
    • beliefs
    • gender neutral roles
    • Cultures
    • values
    • ideology
    • Have effect on childrearing practices and development of children
  2. Exosystem
    • indirectly to child
    • social systems that do not contain to developing of child but have an effect
    • parents work
    • school board meetings
    • media
  3. Mesosystem
    • interaction compnents of the microsystem
    • fight with boyfriend, taking it out on mother
    • 2 different Microsystems interacting affects
    • Interaction between family and daycare
  4. Microsystems
    • events that happen on a daily basis
    • made up of relationships between the person and his/her environment in a particular setting
    • peers, teachers in school
    • parent/child interactions
  5. CNS (Central Nervous System)
  6. measuring brain waves to see what parts of the infants
    brain is aroused when experiencing certain things
  7. ANS (Autonomic Nervous System)
  8. measuring heart rate and respiration; helps understand
    when the infant is feeling stressed
  9. Hormonal Activity
    what hormones are present by taking swab of saliva
  10. Paired Preference Technique
    • what does baby look at longer? Two stimuli are
    • presented next to one another
  11. response-contingent procedure
  12. teach baby a contingency and see what they do
    ex. sucking a certain way
  13. Novelty and Habituation
  14. using the infants’ tendency to get bored and lose interest on the same thing to understand whether or not they notice when a new stimulus is presented
  15. Cross sectional
    the research selects a different group of children at each age period of interest. give a sense of age change in development without having to wait for the children to grow up
  16. Longitudinal research
    researchers follow same group of childrenover time
  17. DZ:
    Faternal or Dizygotic twins

    if two different zygotes are fertilized
  18. MZ:
    Identical or Monozygotic twins

    one zygote is fertilize
  19. Artificial insemination
    sperm from father is directly placed in mothers fallopian tubes
  20. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
    ova is removed and joinedwith sperm. After fertilization and zygote has made a few cell divisions (embryo) it is implanted in mother’s uterus
  21. Sperm microinjection
    sperm is directly injected directly into the ovum
  22. Embryo Cryopreservation
    many oba are removed from the mother and frozen
  23. Surrogate mother
  24. vitro zygote from mother and father can be implanted in the uterus of another women then carries until birth
  25. Endoderm
  26. becomes part of the digestive, urinary, and respiratory system
  27. Ectoderm
    becomes the central nervous system and brain, sense organs, skin, nails, hair, and teeth
  28. Mesoderm-
    will become the muscles, bones, circulatory system, and reproductive system
  29. Germinal stage
    0-2 weeks

    Fertilized ovum called a zygote
  30. Embryonic stage
    • 2-8 weeks
    • Developing child is an embryo

    Major organs and body parts develop

    Most critical when environmental damage most likely to occur
  31. Fetal stage
    8 weeks to birth

    Developing child is a fetus

    Elaboration of existing organs and structures

    Brain develops rapidly
  32. Amniocentisis
    withdraw amniotic fluid with needle. Fetal cells can be tested for abnormalities

    Occurs 16-17 weeks

    Can result in miscarriage
  33. Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
    assess genetic material in fetal cells

    Can be done in 1st trimester

    Go up through vagina and into uterus

    Slight risk of miscarriage

    Tests for genetic chromosomal abnormalities
Card Set:
302 first exam
2012-02-15 23:05:29
302 first exam

302 first exam
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