330 2.1 Grammar

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Author:
shanamd2010
ID:
135596
Filename:
330 2.1 Grammar
Updated:
2012-02-15 18:16:29
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Grammar
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Grammar
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  1. Gerund
    • a verb type word acting as a noun grammatically
    • ex) "hunting is my hobby"
  2. types of pronouns
    • personal
    • reflexive
    • relative
    • interrogtive
    • indefinite
  3. reflexive pronouns
    _____self
  4. relative pronoun
    who, whom, whose, that
  5. interrogative
    who, when
  6. indefinite
    somebody, nobody
  7. types of verbs
    • action or state
    • transitive
    • copula
    • auxiliary
    • models
  8. transitive verb
    • takes a direct object
    • drink milk
  9. intransitive verb
    • no diect object
    • run
  10. copula verbs
    • linking verb
    • to be
    • contractible with subject or not
  11. auxiliary verb
    • helping verb
    • to be, to do, to have
  12. model verbs
    • second auxiliary verb forms of can, may, will, must, should, could
    • contractible with subject or not
  13. reasons a copula cannt be contracted
    • if verb is the 1st or last word
    • if verb is in the past tense
    • if the verb is already contracted with a negative
  14. past progressive verbs
    ongoing action
  15. infinitive verbs
    • not doing the real verbing
    • "I want to go..."
  16. participle
    when ending of a 2 word verb is in itself acting like an adjective
  17. adjectives
    • modify nouns
    • comparitive - bigger
    • superlative - biggest
  18. adverbs
    modify verbs
  19. conjunctions
    def
    2 types
    • connecting words
    • coordinating and subordinating
  20. coordinating conjunction
    • connects two independent clauses
    • compound sentences
  21. subordinating conjunctions
    introduce dependent clauses
  22. prepositions
    indicate place (under) or movement (across)
  23. articles
    • definite (the, every)
    • indefinite (a, an, some)
  24. demonstratives
    ex) this, that, these, those
  25. tag questions
    • "were going to pizza tonight, right?"
    • "aren't we?"
  26. combine simple sentences
    conjoining using coordinating conjunctions
  27. change word order
    • interrogative reversal for question
    • passives
  28. add/delete words
    'not' to make negatives

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