Chapter 8: Environmental Health and Toxicology

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Chapter 8: Environmental Health and Toxicology
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2012-02-15 20:24:30
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Test Two
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  1. A state of complete physical, menta, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
    Health
  2. An abnormal change in the body's condition that impair important physical or psychological functions.
    Disease
  3. Illness
    Morbidity
  4. Mortality
    Death
  5. Focuses on favrotrs that cause disease, includingelements of the natural, social, cultural and technological worlds in which we live.
    Environmental health
  6. A measure of disease burden.
    Disability-adjusted life years (DALYS)
  7. Disease causing organisms
    Pathogens
  8. Diseases not previously known or that have been absent for at least 20 years.
    Emergent diseases
  9. Domestic animals and wildlife also experience sudden and widespread epidemics, which are sometimes called...
    Ecological diseases
  10. An emerging discipline that attempts to understand how our environmental changes threaten our own health as well as that of the natural communities on which we depend for ecological services.
    Conservation medicine
  11. Poisons
    Toxins
  12. Substances that activate the immune system
    Allergens
  13. When allergens are recognized as foreign by white blood cells and stimulate the production of specific antibodies.
    Antigens
  14. Chronic faigue caused by poorly vented indoor air contaminated molds, carbon monoxide, etc.
    Sick building syndrom
  15. Special class of metabolic poisons that specifically attack nerve cells
    Neurotoxins
  16. Agents that damage or alter genetic material (DNA) in cells
    Mutagens
  17. Chemical or other factors that specifically cause abnormalities during embryonic growth.
    Teratogens
  18. A cluster of symptoms in babies such as developmental delays, behavioral problems and mental defects.
    Fetal alcohol syndrom
  19. Substances that cause cancer
    Carcinogens
  20. Chemicals that interrupt the normal endocrine hormone functions.
    Endocrine hormone disruptors
  21. The selective absoroption and storage of a great variety of molecules.
    Bioaccumulation
  22. When the effects of toxins are magnified in the environment through food webs.
    Biomagnification
  23. An interaction in which one substance exacerbates the effets of another.
    Synergism
  24. Effects caused by a single exposure to the toxin and result in an immediate health crisis.
    Acute effects
  25. Long-lasting, perhaps even permanent effects.
    Chronic effects
  26. The probability of harm times the probability of exposure
    Risk

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