330 3.2 Ch 4 & 5

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Author:
shanamd2010
ID:
135632
Filename:
330 3.2 Ch 4 & 5
Updated:
2012-02-15 20:29:16
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Child caregiver interaction
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Child, caregiver interaction
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  1. we all assume infant is...
    trying to communicate with us
  2. 0-6 months
    2
    • baby gazes at mom's face and vocalizes
    • mom and baby change gaze patterns to fit one another
  3. 3 weeks
    baby begins to imitate gross movements (social smile)
  4. 6 weeks
    • smile in response to external environment (voice, tickle)
    • signal of engagement
  5. by 12 weeks (3 months)
    • infant reacts differently to different facial expressions of caregiver
    • caregiver begins exaggerated expressions
    • both mutual gaze and gaze directed at specific objects
  6. by 16 weeks (4 months)
    • baby is beginning to learn to have a certain amount pf cntrol re stimulus response
    • ritual and game playing
    • proto-conversation (almost) conversing
  7. at 5 months old..
    child is able to vocalize to tell defferent attitudes / emotions
  8. by 6 months..
    • baby is more interested in toys / objects
    • better hand/eye coordination
    • ear-voice link -understands that he is the one speaking
  9. 7 - 12 months
    • child can be intentional
    • responds differently to different partners
    • follows simple requests
    • more imitation
    • begins using own vocalizations
  10. intentionality
    • prelocutionary stage
    • illocutionary stage
    • locutionary stage
  11. prelocutionary stage
    • pre-intentional communication
    • nonspecific communication like crying
  12. illocutionary stage
    • conventional gestures indicate intention
    • consistent sound and intonation patterns
    • protodeclaritives (almost words)
  13. locutionary stage
    • intent conveyed by words
    • words replace gestures as primary communication mode
  14. during late prelocutionary and illocutionary stage of intentionality, baby is..
    learning to attach meaning to symbols like words
  15. bracketing
    use intonations, rythms, etc to help figure out breaks in stream of 'talk'
  16. clustering
    • attends to predictable units within the stream of speech
    • ex) syllables
  17. caregivers use...
    • context and predictable routines that set up a script for future language learning
    • this becomes event knowledge
  18. motherese : speech register
    • everyone over four does it
    • way we talk to infants and toddlers
    • culturally specific
  19. motherese : syntax
    • fewer run-on sentences
    • shorter, less complex sentences
    • more imperatives
    • more questions (rhetorical)
  20. motherese : semantic characteristics
    • more restricted vocabulary
    • more concrete vocab
    • paraphrasing
    • diminutives (doggie)
  21. motherese : paralinguistics
    • slowers speech
    • higher pitch
    • exaggerated intonation and stress
    • fewer dysfluencies
    • wait for baby's turn even though it isn't forthcoming
  22. motherese
    caregiverese
  23. motherese : why?
    • capture / maintain attention
    • maintain child's responsiveness at optimal level
    • aid language development
    • come down to child's level
    • bonding
  24. reference
    differentiate what you attend to
  25. joint reference
    • share a focus on something; partners give signals indicating they are attending something
    • eye contact, orientation, gestures
  26. behaviors of reference
    • gaze
    • facial expression
    • head movement
    • all that caregiver does is subject of cultural variations

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