LilleyChpt33 Adrenal Drugs

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harstanner
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135638
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LilleyChpt33 Adrenal Drugs
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2012-02-15 20:45:32
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Lilley Chapter 33 Adrenal Drugs
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Lilley Chapter 33 Adrenal Drugs
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  1. a potentially life-threatening condition caused by partial or complete failure of adrenocortical function with loss of the functions of the adrenal cortex and decrease in glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and androgenic hormones. It is a chronic disease of hyposecretion of steroids
    Addison's disease
  2. the outer portion of the adernal gland
    adrenal cortex
  3. an acute, life threatening state of profound adrenocortical insufficiency requiring immediately medical management.
    adrenal crisis
  4. it is fluid volume, hyponatremia, and hyperkalemia
    adrenal crisis
  5. the inner portion of the adrenal gland
    adrenal medulla
  6. a mineralocorticoid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that acts on the renal tubule to regulate sodium and potassium balance in the blood
    aldosterone
  7. the general anatomic term for the outer layer of the body or gan or other structure
    cortex
  8. any of the natural or synthetic adrenocortical hormones; that is, those produced by the cortex of the adreanl gland
    corticosteroids
  9. a metabolic disorder characterized by abnormally increased secretion of the adrenocortical steroids
    cushing's syndrome
  10. an adrenegic hormone, also secreted by the adrenal medulla
    norepinephrine
  11. increases blood pressure by causing vasoconstriction but does not appreciably affect cardiac output
    norepinephrine
  12. it is the immediate metabolic precursor to epinephrin
    norepinephrine
  13. a major group of corticosteriod hormones that regulate electrolyte and water balance
    mineralocorticoids
  14. in humans the primary mineralocorticoid is aldosterone
    mineralocorticoids
  15. a general anatomic term for the most interior portion of an organ or structures
    medulla
  16. a negative feedback system involved in regulating the release of corticotropin-releasing by the hypothalamus, adrenocorticotropic hormones (corticotropin) by the pituitary gland, and corticosteroids by the adrenal glands.
    Hyypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis
  17. suppression may lead to addison's disease and possible adrenal crisis or addisonian crisis.
    Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis
  18. the suppresion results from chronic disease or exogenous sources, such as long-term glucocorticoid therapy
    Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis
  19. a major group of corticosteriod hormones that regulate carbohydrate, protein, and lipid metabolism and inhibit the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (corticotropin)
    Glucocorticoids
  20. an endogenous hormone secreted into the blood-stream by the adrenal medulla
    epinephrine
  21. a synthetic drug that is an adrenergic vasoconstrictor and also increases cardiac output
    epinephrine

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