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  1. Steps of Speech comunication process
    • Speaker
    • mesage
    • channel
    • listener
    • feedback
    • interferece
    • situation
  2. Stage fright
    Anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience
  3. Frame of reference
    The sum's of a person knowledge, experience, goals, values and atitudes
  4. Situation
    The time and place in which speech communication occurs.
  5. Ethnocentrisio
    The believe that one's own groups or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures
  6. Ethics
    The brand of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
  7. name-calling
    The use of lenguage to defame, demean or degrade individuals or groups.
  8. Types of plagiarism
    • incremental plagiarims
    • patchwork plagiarism
    • global plagiarism
  9. 5 guidelines for ethical speechmaking
    • Make sure goals are ethically sound
    • Be fully prepared for every speech
    • Be hones in what you say
    • Evoid name-calling
    • Put ethical principles into practice.
  10. Listening and hearing are not the same
    • listening: paying close attention to what it is been said
    • hearing: vibration of sound waves in the brain
  11. Types of listening
    • Appreciative listening
    • Empathic listening
    • Comprehensive listening
    • Critical listening
  12. 4 Causes of poor listenig
    • Not concentratin
    • Listening to hard
    • Jumping to conclusions
    • Focusin on delivery and personal apperance.
  13. Steps to organize the speech
    • Introduction
    • body
    • conclusion
  14. Extemporaneus speech
    A carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set ot notes.
  15. Central idea
    Also called thesis statement. it is a one sentence statement that sums up the major ideas of the speech.
  16. Residual message
    What the speacker want the audience to remember after it has forgotten everything else in the speech.
  17. Audience centederness
    Keeping the audience foremost in mind ar every step of speech preparation and presentation.
  18. Identification
    A process in which speakers seek to create a bond with the audience by emphasizing common values, goals and experiences.
  19. Egocentrism
    The tendency of people to be concernd above all with ther own values and well being.
  20. Demographic audience analyst
    Audience analyst that focuses on demografic factors such as age, gender, religion etc
  21. Stereotyping
    Creating an oversimplified image of a particular group of people, usully by assuming that all members od the group are alike.
  22. Situational audience analysis
    Audience analysis that focuses on situational factors such as the size of the audience, the phisical setting for the speech, and the disposition of the audience toward the topic, the speaker and the occasion.
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