Anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience
Frame of reference
The sum's of a person knowledge, experience, goals, values and atitudes
The time and place in which speech communication occurs.
The believe that one's own groups or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures
The brand of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
The use of lenguage to defame, demean or degrade individuals or groups.
Types of plagiarism
5 guidelines for ethical speechmaking
Make sure goals are ethically sound
Be fully prepared for every speech
Be hones in what you say
Put ethical principles into practice.
Listening and hearing are not the same
listening: paying close attention to what it is been said
hearing: vibration of sound waves in the brain
Types of listening
4 Causes of poor listenig
Listening to hard
Jumping to conclusions
Focusin on delivery and personal apperance.
Steps to organize the speech
A carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set ot notes.
Also called thesis statement. it is a one sentence statement that sums up the major ideas of the speech.
What the speacker want the audience to remember after it has forgotten everything else in the speech.
Keeping the audience foremost in mind ar every step of speech preparation and presentation.
A process in which speakers seek to create a bond with the audience by emphasizing common values, goals and experiences.
The tendency of people to be concernd above all with ther own values and well being.
Demographic audience analyst
Audience analyst that focuses on demografic factors such as age, gender, religion etc
Creating an oversimplified image of a particular group of people, usully by assuming that all members od the group are alike.
Situational audience analysis
Audience analysis that focuses on situational factors such as the size of the audience, the phisical setting for the speech, and the disposition of the audience toward the topic, the speaker and the occasion.