Card Set Information
Cosmetology: Haircutting I
What is the most requested service in the salon and the foundation of other salon services?
The artistic carving or removing of hair lengths with shears, taper shears, razors and/or clippers to create various forms or shapes.
What is often the relationship between haircuts and an individual's personal style?
haircuts reflect personality and individual sense of style.
What is the foundation of every haircut?
What is the relationship between form and shape?
Form is the 3 dimensional representation of shape.
How is a haircut form created?
through length arrangement.
What is a point?
a dot or mark.
What is a line?
a series of connected points.
What is an angle?
where two lines intersect.
What are the three basic straight lines and define each.
: parallel to the horizon.
: go straight up and down.
: fall between horizontal & vertical.
What are the 2 basic curved lines, how are they created, and which way does each line curve?
Created with combinations of diagonal lines.
: curve inward
: curve outward
What do angles create in a haircut?
The shape and form of a haircut.
What are the three most common angles used in haircutting?
0, 45 & 90 degrees
What does a haircut's structure consist of?
the arrangements of lengths across various curves of the head.
The hair's natural fall over the curves of the head is?
What views the hair abstractly as if projected 90 degrees from the curves of the head?
What is the widest area of the head refered to as?
The area above the crest is called?
The area below the crest is called?
In haircutting, what is the surface appearance of the hair refered to as?
How is texture achieved in haircutting?
by the cutting technique used: activated or unactivated.
What type of texture is smooth, the ends of the hair are not visible?
What type of texture is rough and the ends of the hair are visible?
Which type of basic haircut is one length, 0 degree cut, rectangle shape with unactivated texture?
Which type of basic haircut is 1-89 degree angle cut (most commonly 45 degree) known to be wedged or stacked, triangular shaped and can have unactivated or activated texture?
Which type of basic haircut is known as a shag, 180 degree angle cut, oval shaped with activated texture?
Which type of basic haircut is the same length throughout, circular shaped, layered 90 degree angle cut with activated texture?
Uniformly Layered Form
What is a combination form haircut?
two or more forms in any combination
What are hand held tools used to cut hair?
What are furnishings needed for a professional cutting service?
What implement creates a clean, blunt edge effect?
What implement creates distinct and regular alternation of shorter and longer lengths?
What controls the moving blade of shears?
What finger goes in the finger grip of the shear?
What implement creates tapering or an angle effect on the end of each strand and has a softer, somewhat diffused line?
Which cutting implement removes the hair most quickly?
What is the purpose of the comb and how do you know when to use a wide tooth comb or when to use a fine tooth comb?
Combs distribute and control the hair before and at times during a cut.
: best for controlling a large amount of hair.
: best for fine hair, cutting smaller sections, shorter hair and cut checking.
What is "palming" the shear?
the safety position that keeps the shears closed.
Which cutting position is when the palm of the cutting hand is upward?
Which cutting position is used when the palm of the cutting hand is downward?
Which cutting position is used when the palm of the cutting hand faces the palm of the other hand?
Palm to Palm
Which cutting position is used when cutting hair on top of the fingers? (most commonly used on top of head lengths)
On Top of Fingers
Which using a taper shear, which hair is cut?
only the hair in the notches.
What is a channeling shear?
similar to a taper shear but with wider notches that produce dramatic chunky effects.
How is the razor held when combing hair during a haircut?
When combing hair, palm the razor so the back of the blade faces the client.
What are trimmers typically used for?
to outline the hairline, trim the beard, moustache and side burns
What part of the clipper moves side-to-side?
How can "half" lengths be achieved when using a clipper?
adjustable blade lever
What are the two ways to hold a clipper?
-Palm over the clipper and thumb on the side.
-Position thumb on the top and fingers underneath the clipper body.