Ancient Art Terms

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Ancient Art Terms
2012-02-16 01:31:42
Ancient Art

Greek, Etruscan & Roman Periods.
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  1. Acropolis
    The citadel or high fortified area of an ancient Greek city.
  2. Aqueduct
    Man made channels to bring water to cities.
  3. Arcade
    A series of arches supported on piers or columns.
  4. Basilica
    A large oblong building used as a hall ofjustice and public meeting place.
  5. Capital
    The city or town that is the official seat of government
  6. Caryatids
    A sculptured female figure used as a column.
  7. Colonnade
    A series of regularly spaced columns supportingan entablature and usually one side of a roof.
  8. Contrapposto
    When statues put all their weight onto one leg.
  9. Effigy
    a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on amonument.
  10. Entablature
    The entire construction of a classical temple
  11. Free Standing
    Standing alone.
  12. Fresco
    Technique of painting on a moist, plaster surface with colors ground upin water or a limewater mixture.
  13. Frieze
    Any decorative band at the top or beneath the cornice of aninterior wall, a piece of furniture, etc.
  14. Helenistic
    Characterized by deviations of various sorts from theproportions and arrangements of the mature Greek orders
  15. In Situ
    Situated in the original, natural, or existing place orposition.
  16. Loggia
    A gallery or arcade open to the air on at least one side.
  17. Lost Wax
    The process by which a metal sculpture is cast from an artist's sculpture.
  18. Process
    A systematic series of actions directed to some end.
  19. Metope
    Any of the square spaces, either decorated or plain, betweentriglyphs in the Doric frieze.
  20. Mosaic
    A picture or decoration made of small, usually coloredpieces of inlaid stone, glass, etc.
  21. Mythological
    Of or pertaining to mythology.
  22. Dieties
  23. Niche
    an ornamental recess in a wall
  24. Oculus
    An eye of a dome.
  25. Order
    an authoritative direction or instruction; command; mandate.
  26. Pediment
    A major division of a façade.
  27. Sarcophagus
    A stone coffin.
  28. Volutes
    A spiral or twisted formation or object.