MICRO Lec30 LO.txt

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karennnb
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13574
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MICRO Lec30 LO.txt
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2010-04-08 12:22:53
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microbiology lecture 30 learning objectives
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lecture 30 learning objectives
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  1. What are 4 skin diseases caused by staphylcoccous
    Lesion, folliculitis, scalded skin syndrom, toxic shock syndrome
  2. In nosocomial infections, surgery and implanted devices may lead to ___ formation
    Biofilm
  3. Biofilms are difficult/easy to treat
    Difficult
  4. What does MRSA stand for
    Methicillin-resistant s. aureus
  5. What does MDR stand for
    Multiple drug resistance
  6. MRSA is difficult to treat because of rapid development of ____
    MDR
  7. R plasmids are associated with MRSA because of their ___ characteristics
    MDR
  8. Treatment of MRSA is based on ___ and ___ of carriers from susceptible patients
    Hygiene, isolation
  9. What are 3 skin infections caused by streptococcal pyrogenes
    Erysipelas, impetigo, necrotizing fasciitis (EIN� Ew It�s Nasty)
  10. Strep. Infections must be treated early to prevent ____
    Late sequellae
  11. Treatments of strep infections include, preventing ___, ___, and early ____
    Spreading, quarantine, treatment
  12. Strep group A, or ____, are sensitive to PenG
    s. pyogenes
  13. What are 4 major groups of patients that are at risk for pseudomonas infections
    Wound/burn, cystic fibrosis, lasik eye surgery, catheter (WCLC walters corduroys look crazyyy)
  14. R plasmids make pseudomonas ___ to many antibiotics
    Resistant
  15. In treating pseudomonas infections, use __ ___ ___
    Combined antibiotic therapy
  16. The first classic symptom of lyme disease is the __ __ rash
    Bull�s eye
  17. It is important to treat lyme disease to prevent ___
    Late sequellae
  18. Heart ___ abnormalities and ___ are 2 possible late sequallae for lyme disease
    Conduction, arthritis
  19. In lyme disease, the ___ you make against the borrelia may damage the heart and cause arthritis
    Antibodies
  20. Tetanus is mostly an intoxication, or a ____
    Tetanospasmin
  21. The B part of tetanus AB toxin binds to ___ ____
    Presynaptic neurons
  22. The A part of tetanus AB toxin releases ___
    Neuroinhibitors
  23. The tetanus AB toxin causes all muscles to ___
    Contract
  24. Tetanus is commonly called ___
    Lockjaw
  25. The AB toxin of tetanus results in ___ ___
    Rigid paralysis
  26. Tetanus can be controlled by __ and ___
    Vaccines, boosters
  27. The active vaccine is tetanus ___
    Toxoid
  28. The tetanus vaccines are commonly called ___ and ___
    DTaP and DTI
  29. The passive vaccine is tetanus ___ ___
    Immune globulin
  30. Tetanus immune globulin is an ___ that works only if given early enough
    Antitoxin
  31. The 2 components of a tetanus shot are ___ and ___
    DTaP, TIG
  32. What does TIG stand for
    Tetanus immune globulin
  33. Clostridium perfringens is associated with the disease called ___
    Gangrene
  34. In gangrene, a ___ that�s produced puts pressure on capillaries, ___ blood flow
    Gas, stopping
  35. In gangrene, the lack of ___ of tissues leads in tissue ___
    Oxygenation, death
  36. In gangrene, there is a foul discharge, tissue necrosis, ___, ___, ___
    Toxemia, shock, death
  37. There are no __ or ___ for gangrene
    Vaccines, antitoxins
  38. A treatment option for gangrene is ___, or amputation
    Debridement
  39. ___ may be utlized to treat gangrene, but it is not very useful
    penicillin
  40. A controversial treatment for gangrene is hyperbaric oxygen, or __ __ oxygen
    High pressure
  41. A symptom of __ __ is a local or disseminated edematous abscess within a few hours of the animal bite
    Pasteurella multocida
  42. Pasteurella is a major __ pathogen
    Animal
  43. Most cats and dogs are carriers of __
    Pasteurella
  44. Another name for bartonella henslae is __-__ ___
    Cat-scratch disease
  45. Bartonella attaches to cats� ___
    RBCs
  46. A symptom of cat-scratch disease is pyogenic __ abscess at the bit site
    Abscess
  47. After 1-7 weeks of initial onset of cat-scratch disease, swollen __ __ are observed
    Lymph nodes
  48. Cat-scratch disease are transmitted by cat ___
    Fleas
  49. 2 diseases caused by varicella-zoster virus are�
    chickenpox and reye�s syndrome
  50. chickenpox are characterized by a three stage rash described as�
    maculo-papulo-postular (MPP more pox, please)
  51. varicella-zoster is contagious __ the rash appears
    before (2 days)
  52. varicella-zoster is a ___ virus that ___ as shingles
    latent, reactivates
  53. the varicella-zoster virus is very serious in ___
    fetus
  54. Reye�s syndrome, in teens, is associated with __
    Aspirin
  55. The measles are caused by ___
    Rubeola
  56. Ruboela is a ___, with an evelope and ssRNA
    Paramyxovirus
  57. What does MMR stand for
    Measles, mumps, rubeola
  58. For measles, __ are the only host
    Humans
  59. German measles are caused by ___
    Rubella
  60. Rubella are small, enveloped ssRNA ___
    Togavirus
  61. Cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis are symptoms for ___
    Measles
  62. Rubeola replicates in __ cells
    T
  63. In (measles/german measles?), humans are the only host
    Measles
  64. Which has milder symptoms? Rubeola or rubella
    Rubella
  65. In german measles, ___ transmission is the most serious
    vertical
  66. congenital __ syndrome is characterized by blindness, deafness, heart disease, and retardation
    rubella
  67. MMR is a __-injection regimen
    2
  68. most measles-related deaths are from ___ infections
    secondary
  69. koplik?s spots in the pharynx are associated with (rubella/rubeola?)
    rubeola
  70. german measles is most serious for ___
    fetus
  71. ____ causes warts
    human papillomavirus
  72. HPV is a small, ___ dsDNA virus
    Naked
  73. Because HPV is a naked virus, it can survive ___ the host, and persists for a __ time
    Outside, long
  74. ____ has an incubation time of up to 18 months
    HPV
  75. Human papillomavirus replicates in the epithelial cell __
    Nuclei
  76. ___ causes abnormal cell growth that can lead to cancer
    HPV
  77. Tetanus immune globulin is a type of __ immunity
    Passive
  78. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is associated with (rubeola/rubella?)
    Rubeola
  79. Long incubation of HPV means that there is a greater possibility of more __
    Carriers
  80. ____ can cause normal cells in the cervix to become cancerous cells
    HPV
  81. Diaper rash, thrush, and vaginal yeast infections are caused by ___
    Candida albicans
  82. Candida albicans is a __ infection
    Cutaneous
  83. ___ can cause an itchy, red, burning sensation
    candida albicans
  84. dermatophytes are __ infections
    tinea
  85. in ___, keratinose allows colonization of cutaneous layer
    dermatophytes
  86. ringworm is caused by ___
    dermatophytes
  87. ___ is introduced to the body by punctures from plant thornws
    sporotrichosis
  88. in sporotrichous, the spores can transition into __
    yeast
  89. in sporotrichous, nodules form along the __ vessel
    lymphatic
  90. sporotrichous symptoms are usually caused by __ bacterial infections
    secondary

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