World Religions Christianity
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–first liturgical season
–consisting of the four Sundays preceding Christmas.
–Its color is purple
–“lamb of god”
–Portion of the Latin mass said shortly before the Communion
- –To put oil on during a religious ceremony as a sign of
- sanctification or consecration. Often
- used when a person is ill.
Books written between Malachi and the Gospels
- –Part of the Greek version of the Old Testament but not included
- in the Hebrew Bible. Catholics include
- these books in their canon while Protestants normally exclude them
- –a statement used only in the western catholic
- church (not in the orthodox churches).
- –Three sections concerned with the Father, Jesus
- Christ, and the Holy Ghost. Probably 4th century CE
–We basically agree with its statements
- –humanity’s reconciliation with God though the
- sacrificial suffering and death of Christ
- –either though sprinkling or immersion, admits a
- person to the Christian church
- –Emperor of Rome who stopped the persecution of
- Christians and in 324 made Christianity the official religion of the empire; in
- 330 he moved his capital from Rome to Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople
- – literally “I believe” the title of the portion
- of the Latin mass which contains the Nicene confession of faith
- – a model of the cross bearing an image of the
- crucified Lord
–season of the liturgical calendar
–beginning on January 6, color green
•baptism of Christ (orthodox)
- •Christ’s manifestation to the non Jewish world
- through the Magi (catholic)
- –refers to a system of church government which is
- overseen by bishops
- –AKA holy communion, Lord’s supper, or LDS
–Symbolizes the Atonement
–Culmination of the Mass service
–Latin ``and from the Son,''
- –a creedal statement (or doctrine) that the Holy
- Ghost proceeds from the Son as well as from the Father. (Roman Catholic, not
- Eastern Orthodox).
–a portion of the Latin mass
–gives Praise to God
- “glory to
- god in the highest
- –Ordination to or acceptance of the full time
- religious life.
- –The 7th
- sacrament of Roman Catholicism
–“of like substance”
–Term used by Arius and followers (Arians)
–NOT catholic or orthodox doctrine
–“of one substance”
- –Term used in early Christian creedal statements
- to describe the trinity
–a portion of the Latin mass
- –“Lord have mercy” Greek (the only portion of the
- Mass that’s in greek)
Sinner asking for help
- – the forty days before Easter, exclusive of the
- Sundays. color is purple
- –observed by abstaining from festivities, by
- almsgiving, and by devoting more time than usual to religious exercises.
–Advent –Christmas –Epiphany –Lent –Easter –Pentecost –Trinity
the Virgin Mary
–the mother of Jesus
- –especially honored by Roman Catholics (the
- chief Saint)
–Doctrines concerning Mary
–philosophical system of Plotinus 200s CE
–Ideas from Plato, applied to Christianity.
–Spirit is superior to matter, God is immaterial
- –private act between priest and parishioner
- consisting of confession, absolution, and formal penance
- –the day in the church calendar fifty days after
- Easter which celebrates the coming of the Holy Ghost to the church. color is
–portion of the mass
–“Holy, Holy Holy, Lord God of Hosts”
- –the catholic doctrine that the bread and wine of
- the Eucharist literally become the body and blood of Christ in their essence
- –the doctrine of the father, the son, and the holy
- ghost as one God of the same substance , yet in three manifestations in a manner that cannot be explained by mortals.
- –five months of the liturgical calendar, in which
- the implication of the worldwide gospel in daily life are contemplated. The
- color is green
–Beginning of the Reformation
- Luther’s 95 Theses nailed to the church door in
- Wittenberg, Germany
- –French reformer and theologian who worked most of
- his life in Geneva, Switzerland. Wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion
- –Christ didn’t mean church to be fragmented
- –twentieth century efforts have been made to unite denominations into one
- church, but doctrines and authority have been stumbling blocks
- rite symbolic of the atonement
- as catholic, minus the doctrine of transubstantiation
- founder of the German reformation, a catholic priest, and a professor of moral
- philosophy and scripture at the university of Wittenberg
- his 95 theses to the door 1517
- delegate from the Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople disagree and
- excommunicate each other
- to split between eastern and western Christianity
- sacked by Crusaders.
- The actual split between the eastern and western
- blessed and distributed to the non-Orthodox at the end of the liturgy.
- that defines things by what they are not.
- group with a leader who is subordinate to no superior authority. Called
- Patriarchs, Archbishops, or Metropolitans
- Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece
- churches that make most of their own decisions but are smaller than
- Autocephalous groups
- with oil (Chrism) on specific parts of the infant’s body
- following baptism
- of Rome who stopped the persecution of Christians and in 324 made Christianity
- the official religion of the empire; in 330 he moved his capital from Rome to
- Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople (280-337)
Council of Nicaea
- by Constantine in 325 and developed the Nicene Creed
- of God’s influence in the world
- can know Him through these, but cannot know His essence
- –a partition or screen on which icons are placed,
- separating the sanctuary from the main part of the church.
- –Two dimensional pictures of Christian persons or
- events which become spiritual windows.
–Teaching tools for the illiterate
–the head of an ecclesiastical province.
- –Usual term for the national head of an Eastern
- Orthodox church
- –Greek version of the Old Testament, traditionally
- said to have been translated by 70 or 72 Jewish scholars at the request of
- Ptolemy II: most scholars believe that only the Pentateuch was completed in the
- early part of the 3rd century b.c. and that the remaining books were translated in
- the next two centuries.
–Cooperation with God. Salvation through grace and our best effort.
- –Implies a belief in Agency, no original sin, and
- some confidence in human nature
–To become a god.
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