World Religions Christianity
Card Set Information
World Religions Christianity
–first liturgical season
–consisting of the four Sundays preceding Christmas.
–Its color is purple
–“lamb of god”
–Portion of the Latin mass said shortly before the Communion
–To put oil on during a religious ceremony as a sign of
sanctification or consecration. Often
used when a person is ill.
Books written between Malachi and the Gospels
–Part of the Greek version of the Old Testament but not included
in the Hebrew Bible. Catholics include
these books in their canon while Protestants normally exclude them
–a statement used only in the western catholic
church (not in the orthodox churches).
–Three sections concerned with the Father, Jesus
Christ, and the Holy Ghost. Probably 4th century CE
–We basically agree with its statements
–humanity’s reconciliation with God though the
sacrificial suffering and death of Christ
–either though sprinkling or immersion, admits a
person to the Christian church
–Emperor of Rome who stopped the persecution of
Christians and in 324 made Christianity the official religion of the empire; in
330 he moved his capital from Rome to Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople
– literally “I believe” the title of the portion
of the Latin mass which contains the Nicene confession of faith
– a model of the cross bearing an image of the
–season of the liturgical calendar
–beginning on January 6, color green
•baptism of Christ (orthodox)
•Christ’s manifestation to the non Jewish world
through the Magi (catholic)
–refers to a system of church government which is
overseen by bishops
–AKA holy communion, Lord’s supper, or LDS
–Symbolizes the Atonement
–Culmination of the Mass service
–Latin ``and from the Son,''
–a creedal statement (or doctrine) that the Holy
Ghost proceeds from the Son as well as from the Father. (Roman Catholic, not
–a portion of the Latin mass
–gives Praise to God
god in the highest
–Ordination to or acceptance of the full time
sacrament of Roman Catholicism
–“of like substance”
–Term used by Arius and followers (Arians)
–NOT catholic or orthodox doctrine
–“of one substance”
–Term used in early Christian creedal statements
to describe the trinity
–a portion of the Latin mass
–“Lord have mercy” Greek (the only portion of the
Mass that’s in greek)
Sinner asking for help
– the forty days before Easter, exclusive of the
Sundays. color is purple
–observed by abstaining from festivities, by
almsgiving, and by devoting more time than usual to religious exercises.
–Advent –Christmas –Epiphany –Lent –Easter –Pentecost –Trinity
the Virgin Mary
–the mother of Jesus
–especially honored by Roman Catholics (the
–Doctrines concerning Mary
–philosophical system of Plotinus 200s CE
–Ideas from Plato, applied to Christianity.
–Spirit is superior to matter, God is immaterial
–private act between priest and parishioner
consisting of confession, absolution, and formal penance
–the day in the church calendar fifty days after
Easter which celebrates the coming of the Holy Ghost to the church. color is
–portion of the mass
–“Holy, Holy Holy, Lord God of Hosts”
–the catholic doctrine that the bread and wine of
the Eucharist literally become the body and blood of Christ in their essence
–the doctrine of the father, the son, and the holy
ghost as one God of the same substance , yet in three manifestations in a manner that cannot be explained by mortals.
–five months of the liturgical calendar, in which
the implication of the worldwide gospel in daily life are contemplated. The
color is green
–Beginning of the Reformation
Luther’s 95 Theses nailed to the church door in
–French reformer and theologian who worked most of
his life in Geneva, Switzerland. Wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion
–Christ didn’t mean church to be fragmented
–twentieth century efforts have been made to unite denominations into one
church, but doctrines and authority have been stumbling blocks
rite symbolic of the atonement
as catholic, minus the doctrine of transubstantiation
founder of the German reformation, a catholic priest, and a professor of moral
philosophy and scripture at the university of Wittenberg
his 95 theses to the door 1517
delegate from the Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople disagree and
excommunicate each other
to split between eastern and western Christianity
sacked by Crusaders.
The actual split between the eastern and western
blessed and distributed to the non-Orthodox at the end of the liturgy.
that defines things by what they are not.
its own head”
group with a leader who is subordinate to no superior authority. Called
Patriarchs, Archbishops, or Metropolitans
Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece
churches that make most of their own decisions but are smaller than
with oil (Chrism) on specific parts of the infant’s body
of Rome who stopped the persecution of Christians and in 324 made Christianity
the official religion of the empire; in 330 he moved his capital from Rome to
Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople (280-337)
Council of Nicaea
by Constantine in 325 and developed the Nicene Creed
of God’s influence in the world
can know Him through these, but cannot know His essence
–a partition or screen on which icons are placed,
separating the sanctuary from the main part of the church.
–Two dimensional pictures of Christian persons or
events which become spiritual windows.
–Teaching tools for the illiterate
–the head of an ecclesiastical province.
–Usual term for the national head of an Eastern
–Greek version of the Old Testament, traditionally
said to have been translated by 70 or 72 Jewish scholars at the request of
: most scholars believe that only the Pentateuch was completed in the
early part of the 3rd century b.c. and that the remaining books were translated in
the next two centuries.
–Cooperation with God. Salvation through grace and our best effort.
–Implies a belief in Agency, no original sin, and
some confidence in human nature
–To become a god.