Rise of Dictators.txt

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JTT204
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135855
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Rise of Dictators.txt
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2012-02-16 21:56:40
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History
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Dictators
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  1. Fascist
    A Fascist is someone who forces his opinions onto people, usually through force or the threat of force - even the implied threat of force can be considered fascism.
  2. Fascism
    Def. Political philosophy that advocates the glorification of the state,a singleparty system with a strong ruler, under the rule of BENITO MUSSOLINI, took place in ITALY in a form of nationalism.
  3. Communism
    Def. In the theories of Marx and Engels, a society without class distinctions or private property.
  4. Totalitarianism
    Def. Idea that a dictatorial government should control all aspects of citizens lives. The individual is was viewed as a servant of the state and was allowed very few personal freedom:books,arts,radio,etc
  5. Collectivization
    Def. (*Under Joseph Stalin) a system to combine land into large farms owned by the government and worked by peasents.
  6. Kulaks
    Def. A well-to-do peasant in the USSR.
  7. Nazism
    Def. Political ideology that promoted the idea of a master race and called for total control by the state. Form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader. Under the leader: Adolf HitlerNazism's main points of emphasis were the racial superiority of the people, the annihilation of the Jews, seen as racially inferior, the aggressive foreign policy.
  8. Nationalism
    Def. Pride in ones' own nation; a desire for independance.
  9. Benito Mussolini
    Born:1883, at young age-active in the ways of socialist politics, during the great war- bacame a nationalist. Created "Fasci di Combattimento" or "Facist Party" in 1919, came to power after "march on rome" 1922, appointed prime minister by King Victor Emmanuel. Wished to restore Italy to the days of the Holy Roman Empire.
  10. Acts Of Mussolini
    Protect private property. To woo the workers, he promised full employment and worker's benefits. Pleased nationalist by pledging to restore Italy to its former greatness. Believing that Fascism was a useful way of controlling socialist & workers, the democratic government did nothing to stop the blackshirts.
  11. Musslinis Dictatorship.
    reorganized the Italian government and establish a Corporate state. Hoping to bring the workers and employers back together, and consequently to end the political quarreling. He banned non facist parties and ordered that syndicates (corperations of workers and employers be formed in each industry.
  12. Factors leading to regime in Italy
    After WWI, Italian nationalist were outraged that the Paris peace treaties haad not given Italy huge proportions of territory from the central powers. Veterans had no work, workers went on strike and took over factories, and peasants seized land.
  13. Adolf Hitler
    1 of the first recruits in the Nazi Party. borned:1889. Formed Brownshirts. Went to jail when attempted to overthrow Weimar leaders during inflation crisis of 1923. Wrote the "mein kampf" (My Struggle). On Jan. 30 1933, voted chancellor of Germany.
  14. Great Depression Nazi Influence
    During an economic boom in the mid 1920s the Nazi influence dropped. However when the great depressiom hit in 1929, the Nazis were elected to power. Hitler blamed the grat Depression on jewish bankers ang the people began to believe him.
  15. "Mein Kampf" (My Stuggle)
    blamed economic woes on Jews and communist, declared Germans- Master Race
  16. The Start ofThe Weimar Republic
    The Treaty of Versailes limited the size of Germanys military force, and required Germany to become a democratic government. Early 1919, Germans met in Weimar, to established a democratic republic (*title) lasting from 1919-1933
  17. The 14 years of The W:R
    To meet expenses, the German Government primore, and more paper money. As a result, Inflation soared. B4 The War, 4 marks = 1$, by late 1923, it took 4 trillion marks to equal a dollar. Wiping out the savings of many middle-class Germans.
  18. Nazi Party
    Amongst political parties challenging the Weimar Republic was the National Socialist Workers party (or * title)
  19. Political Spectrum
  20. Vladimit Lenin In power
    along with bolshevicks created nationalization- those who eat had to get a job, and everyone from 16 to 50 need to hold a job
  21. Hirohtto
    • He was the Emperor of Japan, a
    • constitutional monarch. He represented traditional authority. As
    • militarism became more prominant in Japan, some of the people hoped he
    • would stop the spread, but his closer advisors believed that if he tried
    • to stop it, then he would be overpowered and the monarchy would
    • crumble.
  22. The 14 Points
    • There should be no secret alliances between countriesFreedom of the seas in peace and warThe reduction of trade barriers among nationsThe general reduction of armamentsThe adjustment of colonial claims in the interest of the inhabitants as well as of the colonial powersThe evacuation of Russian territory and a welcome for its government to the society of nationsThe restoration of Belgian territories in GermanyThe evacuation of all French territory, including Alsace-LorraineThe readjustment of Italian boundaries along clearly recognizable lines of nationalityIndependence for various national groups in Austria-HungaryThe restoration of the Balkan nations and free access to the sea for SerbiaProtection for minorities in Turkey and the free passage of the ships of all nations through the DardanellesIndependence for Poland, including access to the seaA league of nations to protect "mutual guarantees of political
    • independence and territorial integrity to great and small nations
    • alike."

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