Heart Medication Summary

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Author:
ruthy
ID:
135882
Filename:
Heart Medication Summary
Updated:
2012-03-13 17:38:09
Tags:
Cardiac pharmacology
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Description:
Cardiac drugs by classification
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  1. What are the cardiac drug classifications?
    • Hypertension - Blood Pressure Reduction
    • Antiarrhythmics (some of which are also classified above)
    • Cholesterol Lowering
    • Blood Thinners - Anticoagulants
    • Rate Control
    • Vasodilators
  2. Name the Subdivisions of the anti-hypertensive drugs
    • ACE Inhibitors
    • Alpha Agonists
    • Alpha Blockers
    • Angiotensin II Receptor
    • Diuretics
    • Renin Blockers
  3. Name the classes of antiarrhythmics

    •Vaughn-Williams classification
    • Class1 Sodium Channel Blockers
    • Class 2 Beta Blockers
    • Class 3 Potassium Channel Blockers
    • Class 4 Calcium Channel Blocker
  4. Name medication the fit into cholesterol lowering catagory
    • chloestyramine
    • statins
  5. Give examples of blood thinners-anticoagulatants
    • aspirin
    • aprotinin
    • clopidogrel
    • enoxaparin
    • heparin
    • warfarin
    • dabigatran etexilate
  6. Diagram what the ACE inhibitiors do and where they are found
    Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System

    Angiotensin I


    ACE Inhibitors blocks



    Angiotensin II



    • 1. potent vasoconstrictor
    • - increases BP

    • 2. stimulates Aldosterone
    • - Na+ & H2O reabsorbtion
  7. benazepril Lotensin

    5mg
    10mg
    20mg
    40mg
    ACE Inhibitor - Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  8. captopril Capoten cartopril (spanish)
    12.5mg
    25mg
    50mg
    100mg
    ACE Inhibitor - Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  9. enalapril Vasotec Vaseretic
    2.5mg
    5mg
    10mg
    20mg
    ACE Inhibitor - Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  10. fosinopril Monopril
    10mg
    20mg
    40mg
    ACE Inhibitor - Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  11. benazepril Lotensin

    5mg
    10mg
    20mg
    40mg
    ACE Inhibitor - Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  12. fosinopril Monopril

    10mg
    20mg
    40mg
    ACE Inhibitor - Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  13. moexipril Univasc
    7.5mg
    15mg
    • ACE Inhibitor -
    • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  14. lisinopril Prinivil Zestril
    2.5mg
    5mg
    10mg
    20mg
    30mg
    40mg
    • ACE Inhibitor -
    • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  15. quinapril Accupril
    5mg
    10mg
    20mg
    40mg
    1.13mg
    • ACE Inhibitor
    • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition
  16. benazepril - amlodipine Lotrel

    2.5-10
    5-10
    5-20
    5-40
    10-20
    10-40
    Combination cardiac drug
  17. What is the action of calcium channel blocker?
    diltiazem & verapamil

    • •decrease
    • automaticity & conduction in SA & AV nodes
    • • decrease myocardial contractility
    • •decreased smooth muscle tone
    • •decreased PVR

    • •nifedipine
    • •decreased smooth muscle tone
    • •decreased PVR
  18. clonidine Catapres

    0.1mg
    0.2mg
    0.3 mg
    Alpha Agonists
  19. guanethidine Ismelin

    10mg
    25mg
    Alpha Agonists
  20. guanfacine Tenex

    1mg
    2mg
    3mg
    Alpha Agonists
  21. clonidine Catapres

    0.1mg
    0.2mg
    0.3mg
    Alpha Agonists
  22. monoxidine Physiotens

    200mg
    300mg
    400mg
    Alpha Agonists
  23. tizanidine HCl Zanaflex

    2mg
    4mg
    6mg
    Alpha Agonists
  24. Name the common Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs).
    • candesartan (Atacand),
    • eprosartan (Teveten)
    • irbesartan (Avapro),
    • losartan (Cozaar),
    • olmesartan (Benicar)
    • telmisartan (Micardis)
    • valsartan (Diovan).
    • Combo drugs
    • amlodipine and valsartan (Exforge)
    • irbesartan-hydrochlorothiazide (Avalide)

    • losartan potassium-hydrochlorothiazide (Hyzaar),
    • andvalsartan and hydrochlorothiazide (Diovan HCT).
  25. Name the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
    • •captopril(Capoten®)
    • •enalapril (Vasotec®)
    • •lisinopril (Prinivil® & Zestril®)
    • •quinapril(Accupril®)
    • •ramipril (Altace®)
    • •benazepril(Lotensin®)
    • •fosinopril (Monopril®)

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