Equine Bones

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  1. Axial
  2. Brachial
    Arm bone; Humerus
  3. Bursa
    A pad or capsule filled with synovial fluid
  4. Bursitis
    Inflammation of the bursa
  5. Calcaneus
    The heel bone, part of the tarsus
  6. Capitis
    Cap like or shaped muscles located near the head
  7. Cephalic
    Pertaining to the head
  8. Carpus
    The horse's wrist, which forms the junction of the forearm (radius and ulna) with foot
  9. Cervical
    Pertaining to the neck
  10. Costal, costo
    Ribs or reference to ribs
  11. Coxae
    (Latin) plural for hip
  12. Croup
    The dorsal (hind end) part of the spine (sacral region)
  13. Crus
    Refers to the leg; plural is crura
  14. Digit
    The first, second and third phalanx (PI, PII, PIII)
  15. Fascia
    Latin for bandage.

    The dense and elastic fibrous collagen casings of muscles: fasciae (of the fascia)
  16. Femur
    Latin for thigh. The large long bone in the hind limb
  17. Fibula
    Latin for fastener, clasp, to fix or fasten, buckle. A bone in the 'shank' area of the dog.
  18. Flank
    The space between the ribcage and the pelvis on the side of the body
  19. Forearm
    Antebrachium: radius and ulna
  20. Hock
    The ankle or tarsus of the horse
  21. Humerus
    Latin for shoulder. The proximal arm bone
  22. Hyoid
    Greek for U or V shaped
  23. Ilium
    A region of the pelvic girdle which attaches the legs to the sacrum cranial to the acetabulum (hip joint)
  24. Ischium
    Greek for layer. A region of the pelvic girdle
  25. Ligament
    True ligaments are like fiber tape and are not elastic. Collateral ligaments are short, white and act as hinges.

    Yellow ligaments are muscle remnants are used to have nucleated cells, but lost them. They tend to be like bungee cords. Yellow ligament is also found in the sheet form and is bouncy like a trampoline.

    Ligaments are very strong non contractile connective tissues that are responsible for stabilizing the joints
  26. Loin
    The dorsal region following (distal) the ribcage and in front of the pelvis
  27. Mandible
    The lower jaw or lower portion of the skull
  28. Manubrium
    Latin for sword handle; cartilaginous cranial element of sternum
  29. Maxilla
    Upper Jaw; upper portion of the skull
  30. Meniscus
    Latin for little moons. Cups of cartilage
  31. Occipital
    Cranium base of the skull
  32. Olecranon
    The point of the elbow of the ulna
  33. Patella
    Latin for small plate. The sesamoid shaped 'knee cap' bone
  34. Pinna
    Parts of the ear that are outside of the head
  35. Phalanx
    In Greek, it means formation of spearmen. Refers to the digits. Segments in a row.
  36. Pharynx
    Greek for throat
  37. Physis
    Greek for growth
  38. Ramus
    Round angle
  39. Shank
    Lower leg in the tibia and fibular region above the ankle (tarsus)
  40. Stifle
    The knee of the horse
  41. Sura
    The calf of the leg
  42. Synovial fluid
    Lubricating, hydraulic fluid secreted by articulations, bursa, and tendon sheaths
  43. Tarsus
    Greek for flat surface; the dog's hock in the hind limb (ankle)
  44. Tendon
    Slightly contractile cord-like mass of white fibrous bundled connective tissue. They are the tails of cells found running through the muscle and form the insertion and origin. Tendons connect bone to bone via muscle
  45. Thorax
    Greek for breastplate. The trunk region
  46. Vertebra
    (Latin) joint from verto, to turn
  47. Withers
    The highest part of the shoulders
Card Set
Equine Bones
Equine bones and terms
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