Pharm respiratory

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Pharm respiratory
2012-02-17 15:33:10
Pharm respiratory

Pharm respiratory
Show Answers:

  1. What is an adverse reaction to an antitussive medication?
    Dizziness may develop when you stand up
  2. Who would not be an appropriate candidate for an antihistamine?
    72 y/o male with hx of mental confusion
  3. What is the highest priority intervention for someone being treated with cromolyn?
    Return to see dr 2 weeks after the first dose of the medication. (Bronchodilator administered first, then cromolyn)
  4. What are contraindicators of a bronchodilator?
    Digitalis and an antidepressant� notify physician of the information
  5. Pt is on enteric-coated zanthine medication and doesn�t feel he is receiving the full therapeutic effect. What do you do?
    Ask what time of day pt is taking medication
  6. Pt is being treated with an expectorant medication. The patient�s mucus should be
    Thick in consistency prior to receiving the medication
  7. What may happen if pt is on Isuprel-Medihaler?
    Pink tinged saliva and decrease in BP
  8. The LPN is caring for a pt who is being treated with Beconase for 6 weeks. What is a priority nursing intervention?
    Discuss with physician that pt has been on it for 6 weeks. Maximal response should be seen within 3 wks.
  9. A drug for frequent episodes of sneezing would be
    Chlor-Trimeton (chlorpheniramine); experiencing seasonal rhinitis
  10. Side effects of promethazine (Phenergan)?
  11. A pt with asthma is having difficulty breathing. He is wheezing and �pursed-lip� breathing. What med should be administered immediately?
    Albuterol (Proventil)
  12. What does albuterol do?
    Sympathomimetic drug that relaxes smooth muscle of the bronchi by stimulating beta-2 adrenergic receptors. It also stimulates alpha receptors, producing vasoconstriction response throughout body that contracts blood vessels in the bronchial mucos.
  13. Albuterol is used during�
    an acute asthma attack
  14. Albuterol has been administered to a pt who has not received this before. Pt states he feels worse and thinks he is having a heart attack. What do you do?
    Reassure pt and continue to assess; increased heart rate is normal
  15. A pt has been prescribed theophylline, a xanthine derivative bronchodilator. She has a history of heart failure and is currently being prescribed furosemide. These together can cause what?
    An increase in the serum level of theophylline
  16. What nasal decongestant is appropriate for a 4 year old son?
  17. How do expectorants work?
    Increase the amount of fluid in the respiratory tract
  18. What instructions should be included when pt teaching Echinacea?
    Do not use longer than 10 days
  19. Adverse reactions to antihistamines?
    Hypertension, Dizziness, Urticaria, Constipation
  20. What are adverse reactions to cromolyn or nedocromil?
    Headache, Dizziness, Rash, Watery eyes
  21. Which side effects are expected when taking a narcotic antitussive?
    Nausea, Lightheadedness, Constipation
  22. What are contraindications to xanthine derivates?
    Anticoagulant therapy, diuretics, digitalis glycosides