A pt with asthma is having difficulty breathing. He is wheezing and �pursed-lip� breathing. What med should be administered immediately?
What does albuterol do?
Sympathomimetic drug that relaxes smooth muscle of the bronchi by stimulating beta-2 adrenergic receptors. It also stimulates alpha receptors, producing vasoconstriction response throughout body that contracts blood vessels in the bronchial mucos.
Albuterol is used during�
an acute asthma attack
Albuterol has been administered to a pt who has not received this before. Pt states he feels worse and thinks he is having a heart attack. What do you do?
Reassure pt and continue to assess; increased heart rate is normal
A pt has been prescribed theophylline, a xanthine derivative bronchodilator. She has a history of heart failure and is currently being prescribed furosemide. These together can cause what?
An increase in the serum level of theophylline
What nasal decongestant is appropriate for a 4 year old son?
How do expectorants work?
Increase the amount of fluid in the respiratory tract
What instructions should be included when pt teaching Echinacea?
Do not use longer than 10 days
Adverse reactions to antihistamines?
Hypertension, Dizziness, Urticaria, Constipation
What are adverse reactions to cromolyn or nedocromil?
Headache, Dizziness, Rash, Watery eyes
Which side effects are expected when taking a narcotic antitussive?